Major Physical Features Of Latin America

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The Physical Features On A Map

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Sierra Madre (mother range)
 
major mountain ranges are the Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre Oriental, and the Sierra Madre del Sur.
The Plateau of Mexico
 
deserts and grassy plain in the north. Broad, flat valleys in the center that contain many cities and most of the population.
Yucatan Peninsula
 
separates the Caribbean Sea from Gulf of Mexico. Those of Mayan descent make up a sizable portion of the population.
Isthmus of Panama
 
the narrow strip of land between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.
Greater Antilles
 
island group in the Caribbean Sea comprised of Cuba, Domincan Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico
Lesser Antilles
 
with the Bahamas, this group of islands forms the West Indies
Guiana Highlands
 
forms the northern portion of the coast of South America. It is about 2 billion years old. Also, the highlands have the longest expanse of undisturbed tropical rainforest in the world.
Amazon Basin
 
this drainage basin is nearly as large as the USA. Very warm and humid.
Amazon River
 
the 2nd longest river in the world
Andes Mountains
 
this chain extends about 4,400 mi. along South America's Pacific coast. Spans 7 countries,
Brazilian Highlands
 
coastal plateau in Brazil along the Atlantic Ocean. formed about 200 million yrs. ago.
Gran Chaco
 
sparsely populated and hot lowland region divided between Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and some of Brazil.
Atacama Desert
 
located in Chile. Driest desert on Earth.
Pampas
 
"plain" the climate is mild and good for farming
Patagonia
 
southern Argentina to the Andes Mts there is little rain
Cape Horn
 
southernmost part of South America. has very poor weather and is hard for ships to sail around it.
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