The Lymphatic And Immune System Vocabulary, Chapter 14

42 cards

Chapter 14, Lymphatic And Immune Systems, Language Of Medicine, 8th Edition


 
  
Created Dec 27, 2009
by
marysummer

 

 
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1
acquired immunity
 
Formation of antibodies and lymphocytes after exposure to an antigen
2
adenoids
 
Masses of lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx
3
antibody
 
Protein produced by B cell lymphocytes to destroy antigens
4
antigen
 
Substance that the body recognizes as foreign; evokes an immune response.
5
axillary node
 
Any of the 20 to 30 lymph nodes in the armpit.
6
B cell
 
Lymphocyte that originates in the bone marrow and transforms into a plasma cell to secrete...
7
cell-mediated immunity
 
An immune response involving T lymphocytes; antigens are destroyed by direct action of cells,...
8
cervical node
 
One of many lymph nodes in the neck region.
9
cytokine
 
Protein (made by T lymphocytes) that aids antigen destruction.
10
cytotoxic T cell
 
T lymphocyte that directly kills foreign cells.
11
dendritic cell
 
Cell (specialized macrophage) that ingests antigens and presents them to T cells.
12
helper T cell
 
Lymphocyte that aids B cells in recornizing antigens and stimulating antibody production; also...
13
humoral immunity
 
Immune response in which B cells transform into plasma cells and secrete antibodies.
14
immune response
 
Body's capacity to resist foreign organisms and toxins that can damage tissue and organs; humoral...
15
immunoglobulins
 
Antibodies (gamma globulins) such as IgA, IgE, IgC, IgM and IgD that are secreted by plasma...
16
immunotherapy
 
Use of immunologic knowledge and techniques to treat or prevent disease.
17
inguinal node
 
One of several lymph nodes in the groin region.
18
interferons
 
Antiviral proteins (cytokines) secreted by T cells; they are also stimulated macrophages to...
19
interleukins
 
Proteins (cytokines) that stimulate the growth of B or T lymphocytes and activate specific...
20
interstitial fluid
 
Fluid in the spaces between cells.  This fluid becomes lymph when it enters lymph capillaries.
21
killer T cell
 
Cytotoxic T cell lymphocyte that recognizes and destroys foreign cells (viruses and tumor cells).
22
lymph
 
Thin, watery fluid found within lymphatic vessels and collected from tissues throughout the...
23
lymph capillaries
 
Tiniest lymphatic vessels.
24
lymphoid organs
 
Lymph nodes, spleen and thymus gland
25
lymph node
 
Stationary soild lymphatic tissue along lymph vessels.
26
lymph vessel
 
Carrier of lymph throughout the body; lymphatic vessels empty lymph into veins in the upper...
27
macrophage
 
Large phagocyte found in lymph nodes and other tissues of the body.
28
mediastinal node
 
Any of may lymph nodes in the area between the lungs in the thoracic cavity.
29
monoclonal antibody
 
Antibody produced in a laboratory to attack antigens. 
30
natural immunity
 
An individual's own genetic ability to fight off disease.
31
plasma cell
 
Lymphoid cell that secretes an antibody and originates from B lymphocytes.
32
right lymphatic duct
 
Large lymphatic vessel in the chest that receives lymph from the upper right part of the body.
33
spleen
 
Organ near the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells.
34
suppressor T cell
 
Lymphocyte that inhibits the activity of B and T lymphocytes.
35
T cell
 
Lymphocyte that originates the bone marrow but matures in the thymus gland.
36
tolerance
 
In the thymus, T lymphocytes learn to recognize and accept the body's own antigens as "self"...
37
thoracic duct
 
Large lymphatic vessel in the chest that receives lymph from below the diaphragm and from the...
38
thymus gland
 
Organ in the mediastinum that produces T lymphocytes and aids in the immune response.
39
tonsils
 
Masses of lymphatic tissue in the back of the oropharynx.
40
toxin
 
Poison; a protein produced by certain bacteria, animals, or plants.
41
vaccination
 
Introduction of altered antigens (viruses or bacteria) to produce an immune respoinse and protection...
42
vaccine
 
Weakened or killed miroorganisms or toxins administered to induce immunity to infection or...


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