The Language Of Medicine - Root Words/Combining Forms (Ch 1,2,3,4,16)

144 cards

This Set Of Flash Cards Contains The Root Words Or Combining Forms For All Of The Terms In The Book, "The Language Of Medicine."  I Am Entering Them As I Study Each Chapter.


 
  
Created Feb 17, 2009
by
kateyestx

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
aden/o
 
gland
2
arthr/o
 
joint
3
bi/o
 
life
4
carcin/o
 
cancerous, cancer
5
cardi/o
 
heart
6
cephal/o
 
head
7
cerebr/o
 
cerebrum (largest part of the brian)
8
cis/o
 
to cut
9
crin/o
 
to secrete; to form and give off
10
cyst/o
 
bladder (specifically urinary bladder); a sac or cyst
11
cyt/o
 
cell
12
derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o
 
skin
13
electr/o
 
electricity
14
encephal/o
 
brain
15
enter/o
 
intestines (usually small intestine)
16
erythr/o
 
red
17
gastr/o
 
stomach
18
glyc/o
 
sugar
19
gnos/o
 
knowledge
20
gynec/o
 
woman, female
21
hem/o, hemat/o
 
blood
22
hepat/o
 
liver
23
iatr/o
 
treatment
24
leuk/o
 
white
25
log/o
 
study of
26
nephr/o ren/o
 
kidney
27
neur/o
 
nerve
28
onc/o
 
tumor
29
ophthalm/o
 
eye
30
oste/o
 
bone
31
path/o
 
disease
32
ped/o
 
child
33
psych/o
 
mind
34
radi/o
 
x-rays
35
rhin/o
 
nose
36
sarc/o
 
flesh
37
sect/o
 
to cut
38
thromb/o
 
clot, clotting
39
ur/o
 
urinary tract, urine
40
abdomin/o
 
abdomen
41
adip/o, lip/o, steat/o
 
fat
42
anter/o
 
front
43
bol/o
 
to cast
44
cervic/o
 
neck (of the body or uterus)
45
chondr/o
 
cartilage (a connective tissue)
46
chrom/o
 
color
47
coccyg/o
 
coccyx
48
crani/o
 
skull
49
dist/o
 
far, distant
50
dors/o
 
back portion of the body
51
hist/o
 
tissue
52
ili/o
 
ilium
53
inguin/o
 
groin
54
kary/o
 
nucleus
55
later/o
 
side
56
lumb/o
 
lower back (sides and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
57
medi/o
 
middle
58
nucle/o
 
nucleus
59
pelv/i
 
pelvis
60
poster/o
 
back, behind
61
proxim/o
 
nearest
62
sacr/o
 
sacrum
63
spin/o
 
spine, backbone
64
thel/o
 
nipple
65
thorac/o
 
chest, thorax
66
trache/o
 
trachea, windpipe
67
umbilic/o
 
navel, umbilicus
68
ventr/o
 
belly side of the body
69
vertebr/o
 
vertebra(e), backbone(s)
70
viscer/o
 
internal organs
71
acr/o
 
extremities, top, extreme point
72
acu/o
 
sharp, severe, sudden
73
amni/o
 
amnion (sac surrounding embryo in the uterus)
74
angi/o
 
vessel
75
arteri/o
 
artery
76
axill/o
 
armpit
77
blephar/o
 
eyelid
78
bronch/o
 
bronchial tubes (branch to left and right lungs from trachea)
79
chem/o
 
chemical, drug
80
chron/o
 
time
81
col/o
 
colon (large intestine)
82
hydr/o
 
water, fluid
83
isch/o
 
to hold back
84
lapar/o
 
abdomen, abdominal wall
85
laryng/o
 
larynx (voice box)
86
lymph/o
 
lymph
87
mamm/o mast/o
 
breast
88
morph/o
 
shape, form
89
muc/o
 
mucus
90
my/o
 
muscle
91
myel/o
 
spinal cord, bone marrow (context determines usage)
92
necr/o, mort/o
 
death
93
neutr/o
 
neutral (specifically, neutrophil = "neutral loving"; it is a white blood cell)
94
ot/o
 
ear
95
peritone/o
 
"stretched around" (specifically, peritoneum, which surrounds the internal organs of the abdominal...
96
phag/o
 
to eat, swallow
97
phleb/o, ven/o
 
vein
98
plas/o
 
formation, development
99
pleur/o
 
"side of the body" (specifically, the pleurae, which surround each rib)
100
pneumon/o, pulmon/o
 
lungs
101
rect/o
 
rectum
102
splen/o
 
spleen
103
staphyl/o
 
clusters
104
strept/o
 
twisted chains
105
tonsill/o
 
tonsils
106
carp/o
 
wrist bones
107
cib/o
 
meals
108
cost/o
 
rib
109
dactyl/o
 
fingers, toes (digits)
110
duct/o
 
to lead, carry
111
flex/o
 
to bend
112
furc/o
 
forking, branching
113
gloss/o
 
tongue
114
immun/o
 
protection
115
nat/i
 
birth
116
nect/o
 
to bind, tie, connect
117
norm/o
 
rule, order
118
ox/o
 
oxygen
119
pub/o
 
pubis; anterior portion of the innominate
120
seps/o
 
infection
121
somn/o
 
sleep
122
son/o
 
sound
123
the/o
 
to put, place
124
thyr/o
 
thyroid gland; shield (thyroid = "shield-like")
125
top/o
 
place, position, location
126
tox/o
 
poison
127
urethr/o
 
urethra
128
albin/o
 
white
129
caus/o
 
burn, burning
130
cauter/o
 
heat, burn
131
diaphor/o, hidr/o
 
profuse sweating, sweat
132
erythem/o, erythrmat/o
 
redness
133
ichthy/o
 
scaly, dry (fish-like)
134
kerat/o
 
hard, horny tissue
135
myc/o
 
fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms)
136
onych/o, ungu/o
 
nail
137
phyt/o
 
plant
138
pil/o, trich/o
 
hair folicle, hair
139
py/o
 
pus
140
rhytid/o
 
wrinkle
141
seb/o
 
sebum (oily secretion from sebacous glands)
142
squam/o
 
scale-like, flat
143
xanth/o
 
yellow
144
xer/o
 
dry


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