The Language Of Medicine - Root Words/Combining Forms (Ch 1,2,3,4,16)

The Language Of Medicine - Root Words/Combining Forms (Ch 1,2,3,4,16) This Set Of Flash Cards Contains The Root Words Or Combining Forms For All Of The Terms In The Book, "The Language Of Medicine."  I Am Entering Them As I Study Each Chapter.
  
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aden/o
 
gland
arthr/o
 
joint
bi/o
 
life
carcin/o
 
cancerous, cancer
cardi/o
 
heart
cephal/o
 
head
cerebr/o
 
cerebrum (largest part of the brian)
cis/o
 
to cut
crin/o
 
to secrete; to form and give off
cyst/o
 
bladder (specifically urinary bladder); a sac or cyst
cyt/o
 
cell
derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o
 
skin
electr/o
 
electricity
encephal/o
 
brain
enter/o
 
intestines (usually small intestine)
erythr/o
 
red
gastr/o
 
stomach
glyc/o
 
sugar
gnos/o
 
knowledge
gynec/o
 
woman, female
hem/o, hemat/o
 
blood
hepat/o
 
liver
iatr/o
 
treatment
leuk/o
 
white
log/o
 
study of
nephr/o ren/o
 
kidney
neur/o
 
nerve
onc/o
 
tumor
ophthalm/o
 
eye
oste/o
 
bone
path/o
 
disease
ped/o
 
child
psych/o
 
mind
radi/o
 
x-rays
rhin/o
 
nose
sarc/o
 
flesh
sect/o
 
to cut
thromb/o
 
clot, clotting
ur/o
 
urinary tract, urine
abdomin/o
 
abdomen
adip/o, lip/o, steat/o
 
fat
anter/o
 
front
bol/o
 
to cast
cervic/o
 
neck (of the body or uterus)
chondr/o
 
cartilage (a connective tissue)
chrom/o
 
color
coccyg/o
 
coccyx
crani/o
 
skull
dist/o
 
far, distant
dors/o
 
back portion of the body
hist/o
 
tissue
ili/o
 
ilium
inguin/o
 
groin
kary/o
 
nucleus
later/o
 
side
lumb/o
 
lower back (sides and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
medi/o
 
middle
nucle/o
 
nucleus
pelv/i
 
pelvis
poster/o
 
back, behind
proxim/o
 
nearest
sacr/o
 
sacrum
spin/o
 
spine, backbone
thel/o
 
nipple
thorac/o
 
chest, thorax
trache/o
 
trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o
 
navel, umbilicus
ventr/o
 
belly side of the body
vertebr/o
 
vertebra(e), backbone(s)
viscer/o
 
internal organs
acr/o
 
extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o
 
sharp, severe, sudden
amni/o
 
amnion (sac surrounding embryo in the uterus)
angi/o
 
vessel
arteri/o
 
artery
axill/o
 
armpit
blephar/o
 
eyelid
bronch/o
 
bronchial tubes (branch to left and right lungs from trachea)
chem/o
 
chemical, drug
chron/o
 
time
col/o
 
colon (large intestine)
hydr/o
 
water, fluid
isch/o
 
to hold back
lapar/o
 
abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o
 
larynx (voice box)
lymph/o
 
lymph
mamm/o mast/o
 
breast
morph/o
 
shape, form
muc/o
 
mucus
my/o
 
muscle
myel/o
 
spinal cord, bone marrow (context determines usage)
necr/o, mort/o
 
death
neutr/o
 
neutral (specifically, neutrophil = "neutral loving"; it is a white blood cell)
ot/o
 
ear
peritone/o
 
"stretched around" (specifically, peritoneum, which surrounds the internal organs of the abdominal cavity)
phag/o
 
to eat, swallow
phleb/o, ven/o
 
vein
plas/o
 
formation, development
pleur/o
 
"side of the body" (specifically, the pleurae, which surround each rib)
pneumon/o, pulmon/o
 
lungs
rect/o
 
rectum
splen/o
 
spleen
staphyl/o
 
clusters
strept/o
 
twisted chains
tonsill/o
 
tonsils
carp/o
 
wrist bones
cib/o
 
meals
cost/o
 
rib
dactyl/o
 
fingers, toes (digits)
duct/o
 
to lead, carry
flex/o
 
to bend
furc/o
 
forking, branching
gloss/o
 
tongue
immun/o
 
protection
nat/i
 
birth
nect/o
 
to bind, tie, connect
norm/o
 
rule, order
ox/o
 
oxygen
pub/o
 
pubis; anterior portion of the innominate
seps/o
 
infection
somn/o
 
sleep
son/o
 
sound
the/o
 
to put, place
thyr/o
 
thyroid gland; shield (thyroid = "shield-like")
top/o
 
place, position, location
tox/o
 
poison
urethr/o
 
urethra
albin/o
 
white
caus/o
 
burn, burning
cauter/o
 
heat, burn
diaphor/o, hidr/o
 
profuse sweating, sweat
erythem/o, erythrmat/o
 
redness
ichthy/o
 
scaly, dry (fish-like)
kerat/o
 
hard, horny tissue
myc/o
 
fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms)
onych/o, ungu/o
 
nail
phyt/o
 
plant
pil/o, trich/o
 
hair folicle, hair
py/o
 
pus
rhytid/o
 
wrinkle
seb/o
 
sebum (oily secretion from sebacous glands)
squam/o
 
scale-like, flat
xanth/o
 
yellow
xer/o
 
dry

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