The Language Of Medicine - Root Words/Combining Forms (Ch 1,2,3,4,16)

This Set Of Flash Cards Contains The Root Words Or Combining Forms For All Of The Terms In The Book, "The Language Of Medicine."  I Am Entering Them As I Study Each Chapter.
 
Created Feb 17, 2009
by kateyestx
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Side ASide B
aden/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of the brian)
cis/o
to cut
crin/o
to secrete; to form and give off
cyst/o
bladder (specifically urinary bladder); a sac or cyst
cyt/o
cell
derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o
skin
electr/o
electricity
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestines (usually small intestine)
erythr/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
glyc/o
sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
gynec/o
woman, female
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
iatr/o
treatment
leuk/o
white
log/o
study of
nephr/o ren/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
ped/o
child
psych/o
mind
radi/o
x-rays
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
sect/o
to cut
thromb/o
clot, clotting
ur/o
urinary tract, urine
abdomin/o
abdomen
adip/o, lip/o, steat/o
fat
anter/o
front
bol/o
to cast
cervic/o
neck (of the body or uterus)
chondr/o
cartilage (a connective tissue)
chrom/o
color
coccyg/o
coccyx
crani/o
skull
dist/o
far, distant
dors/o
back portion of the body
hist/o
tissue
ili/o
ilium
inguin/o
groin
kary/o
nucleus
later/o
side
lumb/o
lower back (sides and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
medi/o
middle
nucle/o
nucleus
pelv/i
pelvis
poster/o
back, behind
proxim/o
nearest
sacr/o
sacrum
spin/o
spine, backbone
thel/o
nipple
thorac/o
chest, thorax
trache/o
trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o
navel, umbilicus
ventr/o
belly side of the body
vertebr/o
vertebra(e), backbone(s)
viscer/o
internal organs
acr/o
extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o
sharp, severe, sudden
amni/o
amnion (sac surrounding embryo in the uterus)
angi/o
vessel
arteri/o
artery
axill/o
armpit
blephar/o
eyelid
bronch/o
bronchial tubes (branch to left and right lungs from trachea)
chem/o
chemical, drug
chron/o
time
col/o
colon (large intestine)
hydr/o
water, fluid
isch/o
to hold back
lapar/o
abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
lymph/o
lymph
mamm/o mast/o
breast
morph/o
shape, form
muc/o
mucus
my/o
muscle
myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow (context determines usage)
necr/o, mort/o
death
neutr/o
neutral (specifically, neutrophil = "neutral loving"; it is a white blood cell)
ot/o
ear
peritone/o
"stretched around" (specifically, peritoneum, which surrounds the internal organs of the abdominal...
phag/o
to eat, swallow
phleb/o, ven/o
vein
plas/o
formation, development
pleur/o
"side of the body" (specifically, the pleurae, which surround each rib)
pneumon/o, pulmon/o
lungs
rect/o
rectum
splen/o
spleen
staphyl/o
clusters
strept/o
twisted chains
tonsill/o
tonsils
carp/o
wrist bones
cib/o
meals
cost/o
rib
dactyl/o
fingers, toes (digits)
duct/o
to lead, carry
flex/o
to bend
furc/o
forking, branching
gloss/o
tongue
immun/o
protection
nat/i
birth
nect/o
to bind, tie, connect
norm/o
rule, order
ox/o
oxygen
pub/o
pubis; anterior portion of the innominate
seps/o
infection
somn/o
sleep
son/o
sound
the/o
to put, place
thyr/o
thyroid gland; shield (thyroid = "shield-like")
top/o
place, position, location
tox/o
poison
urethr/o
urethra
albin/o
white
caus/o
burn, burning
cauter/o
heat, burn
diaphor/o, hidr/o
profuse sweating, sweat
erythem/o, erythrmat/o
redness
ichthy/o
scaly, dry (fish-like)
kerat/o
hard, horny tissue
myc/o
fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms)
onych/o, ungu/o
nail
phyt/o
plant
pil/o, trich/o
hair folicle, hair
py/o
pus
rhytid/o
wrinkle
seb/o
sebum (oily secretion from sebacous glands)
squam/o
scale-like, flat
xanth/o
yellow
xer/o
dry


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