KIN 212 Ch 3

 
Created Feb 3, 2013
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jzarefsky
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Side ASide B
Motivation
•Motivation is the direction and intensity of effort. –Direction of effort...
Participant (personal) factors
Personality Needs Interests Goals
Situational Factors 
Leader-coach style Facility attractiveness Team win-loss record
Motivation Guideline 1 
 Both situations and traits motivate people.
Motivation Guideline 2
 People have multiple motives for involvement. Understand why people participate in physical...
Motives for Involvement 
•People participate for more than one reason. •People may have competing motives...
Major Motives for Sport Participants
•Improving skills •Having fun •Being with friends •Experiencing...
Major Motives for Exercise Participants
Joining: Health factors, Weight loss, Fitness, Self-challenge, Feeling...
Motivation Guideline 3 
•Change the environment to enhance motivation. –Provide both competitive...
Motivation Guideline 4
•Leaders influence motivation directly and indirectly.
Motivation Guideline 5 
•Use behavior modification to change undesirable participant motives.
Developing a Realistic View of Motivation
•Motivation is a key variable in both learning and performance contexts. •Physical...
Achievement motivation 
•is a person’s orientation to strive for task success, persist in the face of...
Competitiveness
is a disposition to strive for satisfaction when making comparisons with some standard of...
Achievement Motivation Influences
•Choice of activities •Effort to pursue goals •Intensity of effort •Persistence...
Need achievement theory
refers to an individual's desire for significant accomplishment, mastering of skills, control,...
Attribution Theory 
•Attributions: How people explain their successes and failures •Examples include...
Attribition theory (Stability factors)
Psychological Result: Expectancy of future success Stable- increased expectation of success Unstable-...
Attribition theory (Causality factors) 
Psychological Result: Emotional Factors Increased pride or shame  Decreased pride or...
Attribition theory (Control factors) 
Psychological Result: Emotional influences  Increased motivation Decreased motivation 
Achievement Goal Theory
•Outcome goal orientation (or competitive goal orientation): Comparing performance...
Keys of Achievement Goal Theory
•Focus extra attention on task-oriented goals. •Foster mastery or task motivational...
Keys of Competence Motivation Theory
•People are motivated to feel worthy or competent. •Feelings of competence...
What Achievement Motivation Says About High Achievers
•High motivational orientation to achieve success •Low motivation orientation...
What Achievement Motivation Says About Low Achievers
•Low motivational orientation to achieve success •High motivational orientation...
Stages of Developing Achievement Motivation and Competitiveness
•Autonomous competence stage (self comparison) •Social comparison stage (social...


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