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Joint Movement

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Side ASide B
flexion
bending a joint so that the angle between its parts is decreased and the parts come closer...
extension
straightening a joint so that the angle between its parts is increased and the parts move further...
dorsiflexion
flexing the foot at the ankle (bending the foot at the ankle)
plantar flexion
extending the foot at the ankle (bending the foot downward)
hyperextension
excessive extension of the parts at a joint, beyound the anatomical position (bending the head...
abduction
moving a part away from the midline (lifting the arm horizontally to form a right angle with...
adduction
moving a part toward the midline (returning the arm from the horizontal position to the side...
rotation
moving a part around an axis (twisting the heard from side to side)
circumduction
moving a part so that its end follows a circular path (moving the finger in a circular motion...
pronation
turning the hand so the palm is downwards
supination
turning the hand so the pam is upwards
eversion
turning the foot so the sole it outward
inversion
turning the foot so the sole is inward
retraction
moving a part backward (pulling the chin backward)
protraction
moving a part forward (thrusting the chin forward)
elevation
raising a part (shrugging the shoulders)
depression
lowering a part (dropping the shoulders)


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