Joint Movement

Joint Movement
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flexion
 
bending a joint so that the angle between its parts is decreased and the parts come closer toether (bending the leg at the knee)
extension
 
straightening a joint so that the angle between its parts is increased and the parts move further apart (straightening the leg at the knee)
dorsiflexion
 
flexing the foot at the ankle (bending the foot at the ankle)
plantar flexion
 
extending the foot at the ankle (bending the foot downward)
hyperextension
 
excessive extension of the parts at a joint, beyound the anatomical position (bending the head back beyoond the upright position)
abduction
 
moving a part away from the midline (lifting the arm horizontally to form a right angle with the side of the body)
adduction
 
moving a part toward the midline (returning the arm from the horizontal position to the side ofthe body)
rotation
 
moving a part around an axis (twisting the heard from side to side)
circumduction
 
moving a part so that its end follows a circular path (moving the finger in a circular motion without moving the hand)
pronation
 
turning the hand so the palm is downwards
supination
 
turning the hand so the pam is upwards
eversion
 
turning the foot so the sole it outward
inversion
 
turning the foot so the sole is inward
retraction
 
moving a part backward (pulling the chin backward)
protraction
 
moving a part forward (thrusting the chin forward)
elevation
 
raising a part (shrugging the shoulders)
depression
 
lowering a part (dropping the shoulders)
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