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Side ASide B
there nine regions that lie over the abdominopelvic cavity. umbilical region, right lumbar region, left lumbar region, right hypochondriac region, left hypochondriac region, epigastric...
the area in the center of the abdominopelvic region.
laterally (toward the side) to the left and right of the umbilical region. They are called the lumbar regions because they are bound by the lumbar vertebrae.
superior (above) to the lumbar regions and below the ribs are the left and right hypochondriac regions.
medial (toward the midline) to the hypochondriac regions, and superior (above) to the umbilical regions.
Inferior (below) to the umbilical region.
lateral (toward the side) to the sides of the hypogastric region are the left and right iliac regions. Sometimes referred to as the inguinal regions.
the right and left iliac regions are sometimes referred to the inguinal regions.
a simpilar method of naming a location in the abdominopelvic region is to divide the area into quadrants, using the naval as the intersection. right or left, upper or lower.
right upper quadrant (RUQ)
in the RUQ lies the liver
left upper quadrant (LUQ)
in the LUQ lie the stomach and spleen.
right lower quadrant (RLQ)
in the RLQ is the appendix, sometimes pain in the in that area is referred to as pain in area of McBurney's Point. Appendicitis would be suspected.
left lower quadrant (LLQ)
except for the appendix, the LLQ contains organs similar to the LRQ. In the LLQ halfway between the navel and the hip bone is Munro's Point.
McBurney's Point (RLQ)
the area that is approximately two thirds of the distance between the navel and the hip bone in the RLQ. Pain there could mean appendicitis.
Munro's Point (LLQ)
in the LLQ halfway between the naval and the hip bone. this is a standard site of entrance for surgeons performing laparoscopic surgery.
planes of the body
another way of describing the body is by dividing it into planes, or flat surfaces that are imaginary cuts or sections through the body. Planes terminology is commonly used when describing...
vertical planes that separate the sides from each other
midsagittal planes (median sagittal)
separates the body into equal right and left halves.
frontal plane (coronal)
divides the body into front and back portions.
divides the body horizontally into an upper part and a lower part.
not as commonly used as the other plane terms, divides the body at a slanted angle.