Integumentary System-Chapter 4

86 cards

Integumentary System-Chapter 4


 
  
Created Dec 29, 2009
by
katcol2100

 

 
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1
derm/o dermat/o cut/o cutane/o
 
SKIN
2
trich/o pil/o
 
HAIR
3
onych/o ungu/o
 
NAIL
4
hidr/o sudor/i
 
SWEAT
5
epi- =above derm/o =skin -is = structure
 
EPIDERMIS is "true skin"
6
hypo-  = under derm/o = skin -is = structure
 
HYPODERMIS
7
sub-  = under cutane/o = skin -ous = pertaining to
 
SUBCUTANEOUS
8
adip/o
 
FAT
9
squam/o
 
SCALY
10
kerat/o = hard, horny -in = substance -cyte - cell
 
KERATINOCYTE
11
a- = without vascul/o = vessel -ar = pertaining to
 
AVASCULAR
12
bas/o
 
BASAL
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mela/o = black -cyte = cell
 
MELANOCYTES
14
sudor/i = sweat -ferous = pertaining to carrying
 
SUDORIFEROUS
15
sebac/o = oil -ous = pertaining to
 
SEBACEOUS
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seb/o
 
SEBUM
17
follicul/o
 
FOLLICLE
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papill/o
 
PAPILLA
19
epi- = above onych/o = nail -ium = structure
 
EPONYCHIUM
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par- = near onchy/o = nail -ium = structure
 
PARONYCHIUM
21
cyst/o = sac, bladder
 
Nodule filled with a semisolid material such as a keratinous or sebaceous cyst (see Fig. 4-3,...
22
ecchymosis ec- = out (pl. ecchymoses) chym/o = juice -osis = abnormal condition
 
Hemorrhage or "out of the vesseal or leaking" of blood into the subcutaneous tissue. The resultant...
23
hematoma hemat/o = blood -oma = mass
 
Collection of extravasated blood trapped in the tissues and palpable to the examiner, such...
24
macule macul/o = spot
 
Flat blemish or discoloration less than 1 cm, such as a freckle, port-wind stain, or tattoo...
25
patch
 
Large, flat, nonpalpable macule larger than 1 cm.
26
nodule nod/o = knot -ule = small
 
Palpable solid lesion less than 2 cm, such as a very small lipoma. (see Figs) p124.
27
papul/o = pimple
 
Raised solid skin lesion raised less than 1 cm, such as a pimple.
28
pustule pustul/o
 
Superficial, elevated lesion containing pus that may be the result of an infection, such as...
29
vesicul/o = blister or small sac
 
Circumscribed, elevated lesion containing fluid and smaller than 1/2 cm such as an insect...
30
wheal wheel
 
Circumscribed, elevated papule caused by localized edema, which can result from a bug bite....
31
atrophy a- = no, not, without troph/o = development -y = process
 
Paper-thin casted skin often occurring in the aged or as stretch marks from rapid weight gain.
32
cicatrix
 
A scar. An area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after destruction of some of the...
33
fissure
 
Cracklike lesion of the skin, such as an anal fissure. see figs pg 124
34
ulcer
 
Circumscribed craterlike lesion of the skin or mucour membrane resulting from necrosis or tissue...
35
atopic dermatitus a- = no, not, without top/o = place, location -ic = pertaining...
 
Chronic, pruritic superficial inflammation of the skin usually associated with a family history...
36
contact dermatitis dermat/o = skin -itis = inflammation
 
Irritated or allergic response of the skin that can lead to an acute or chronic inflammation.
37
eczema
 
Superficial inflammation of the skinm characterized by vesicles, weeping, and pruritus. Also...
38
pruitis
 
Pruitis is severe itching. Can be resultant of chemicals, stress.
39
folliculitis follicul/o = follicle -itis = inflammation
 
Inflammation of the hair follicles, which may be superficial or deep, acute, or chronic.
40
impetigo is EXTREMELY CONTAGIOUS
 
EXTREMELY CONTAGIOUS. Superficial vesiculopustular skin infection normally seen in choldren...
41
pilonidal cyst pil/o = hair nid/o = nest -al = pertaining to
 
Growth of a hair in a cyst in the sacral region.
42
seborrheic dermatitis seb/o = sebum -rrheic = pertaining to discharge dermat/o =...
 
Inflammatory scaling disease of the scalp (usually), and face. In newborns,...
43
dermatomycosis dermat/o = skin myc/o = fungus -osis = abnormal condition
 
Fungal infection of the skin. Also known as dermatophtosis
44
tinea capitis capit/o = head -is = structure
 
Fungal infection of the scalp. Also known as ringworm
45
tinea corporis corpor/o = body -is = structure
 
Ringworm of the body manifested by pink to red papulosquamous annular (ringlike) plaques with...
46
tinea cruris crur/o = leg -is = structure
 
A fungal infection that occurs mainly on external genitalia and upper legs in males, particularly...
47
tinea pedis ped/o = foot -is = structure  
 
Fungal infection of the foot; AKA athlete's foot. Fungus will grow where it is dark and moist
48
pediculosis pedicul/o = lice ( singular- louse) -osis = abnormal condition
 
Parasitic infestation with lice, involving the head, body, or genital area
49
scabies
 
Parasitic infestation caused by mites; characterized by pruritic papular rash
50
herpes simplex virus (HSV)
 
Viral infection sharacterized by clusters of small vesicles filled with clear fluid on raised...
51
HSV-1
 
HSV-1 causes fever blisters (herpetic stomatitis) commonly...
52
HSV-2
 
HSV-2 is commonly known as genital herpes
53
herpes zoster (chicken pox)
 
herpes zoster Acute, painful rash caused by reactivation of the latent varicellazoster virus;...
54
verruca (pl. verrucae)
 
Common contagious epithelial growths usually appearing on the skin of the hands, feet, legs,...
55
alopecia
 
Baldness or hair loss resulting from genetic factors, aging, or disease
56
psoriasis
 
Common chronic skin disorder characterized by circumscribed, salmon-red patches covered by...
57
callus
 
Common painless thickening of the stratum corneum at locations of external pressure or friction
58
corn
 
Horny mass of condensed epithelial cells overlying a bony prominence as the result of...
59
decubitus ulcer
 
Inflammation, ulcer, or sore in the skin over a bony prominence most often seen in aged, debilitated,...
60
ichthyosis ichthy/o = fish -osis = abnormal condition
 
Category of dry skin that has the scaly appearance of a fish. It ranges from mild to severe....
61
Xer/o
 
Dry
62
albinism albin/o = white -ism = condition
 
Complete lack of melanin production by existing melanocytes resulting in pale skin, white hair,...
63
dyschromia dys- = abnormal chrom/o = color -ia = condition
 
Abnormality of skin pigmentation. Hyperchromia is abnormally increased pigmentation. Hypochromia...
64
vitiligo (Michael Jackson's condition)
 
Benign acquired disease of unknown origin consisting of irregular patches of various sizes...
65
anhidrosis an- = no, not, without hidr/o = sweating -osis = abnormal condition
 
A condition in which a person produces little or no sweat
66
hidradenitis hidraden/o = sweat gland -itis = inflammation
 
Inflammation of the sweat glands
67
hyperhidrosis hyper- = excessive hidr/o = sweat -osis = abnormal condition
 
Excessive perspitation caused by heat, strong emotion, menopause, hyperthyroidism, or infection
68
Partial-thickness burn
 
Burn in which only the first and second layers of the skin (epidermis and part of the...
69
superficial burn
 
burn in which only the first layer of the skin, the epidermis is damaged; aka first-degree...
70
full-thickness burn
 
burn that damages the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue; aka third degree burn....
71
angioma angi/o = vessel -oma = tumor
 
Localized vascular lesion that includes hemangiomas, vasular nevi, and lymphangiomas.
72
lipoma lip/o = fat -oma = tumor
 
Fatty tumor that is a soft, movable, subcutaneous nodule
73
basal cell carcinoma (BCC) bas/o = base -al = pertaining to carcinoma = cancer of epithelial...
 
The most common form of skin cancer it originates in the basal layer of the epidermis. It usually...
74
malignant melanoma melan/o = black, dark -oma = tumor
 
This cancerous tumor arises from mutated melanocytes. This particular cancer is the leading...
75
squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) squam/o = scaly -ous = pertaining to carcinoma = cancer of...
 
The second most common type of skin cancer, also caused by sun exposure, but developing...
76
What are the three most common malignant cancers of the skin?
 
1. basal cell carcinoma (BCC) 2. malignant melanoma 3. squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)  
77
excisional biopsy
 
biopsy in which the entire tumor may be removed with borders as a means of diagnosis and treatment
78
needle aspiration
 
Aspiration of fluid from lesions to obtain samples for culture and examination
79
punch biopsy
 
biopsy in which a tubular punch is inserted through to the subcutaneous tissue, and the tissue...
80
cauterization cauter/i = burn -zation = process of
 
Destruction of tissue by burning with heat
81
cryosurgery cry/o = extreme cold or freezing
 
Destruction of tissue through the use of extreme cold, usually liquid nitrogen
82
incision and drainage (I&D)
 
Cutting open and removing the contents of a wound, cyst, or other lesion
83
dermabrasion derm/o = skin -abrasion = scraping of
 
Surgical procedure to resurface the skin; to remove acne scars, nevi, wrinkles, and tattoos.
84
dermatoplasty dermat/o = skin -plasty = surgical repair
 
Transplant of living skin to correct effects of injury, operation, or disease
85
lipectomy lip/o = fat -ectomy = removal
 
Removal of fatty tissue (usually surgical removal)
86
liposuction lip/o = fat
 
Technique for removing adipose tissue with a suction pump device


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