Integumentary System-Chapter 4

86 cards

Integumentary System-Chapter 4


 
  
Created Dec 29, 2009
by
katcol2100

 

 
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1

derm/o

dermat/o

cut/o

cutane/o

 
SKIN
2

trich/o

pil/o

 
HAIR
3

onych/o

ungu/o

 
NAIL
4

hidr/o

sudor/i

 
SWEAT
5

epi- =above

derm/o =skin

-is = structure

 
EPIDERMIS is "true skin"
6

hypo-  = under

derm/o = skin

-is = structure

 
HYPODERMIS
7

sub-  = under

cutane/o = skin

-ous = pertaining to

 
SUBCUTANEOUS
8
adip/o
 
FAT
9
squam/o
 
SCALY
10

kerat/o = hard, horny

-in = substance

-cyte - cell

 
KERATINOCYTE
11

a- = without

vascul/o = vessel

-ar = pertaining to

 
AVASCULAR
12
bas/o
 
BASAL
13

mela/o = black

-cyte = cell

 
MELANOCYTES
14

sudor/i = sweat

-ferous = pertaining to carrying

 
SUDORIFEROUS
15

sebac/o = oil

-ous = pertaining to

 
SEBACEOUS
16
seb/o
 
SEBUM
17
follicul/o
 
FOLLICLE
18
papill/o
 
PAPILLA
19

epi- = above

onych/o = nail

-ium = structure

 
EPONYCHIUM
20

par- = near

onchy/o = nail

-ium = structure

 
PARONYCHIUM
21
cyst/o = sac, bladder
 
Nodule filled with a semisolid material such as a keratinous or sebaceous cyst (see Fig. 4-3,...
22

ecchymosis

ec- = out (pl. ecchymoses)

chym/o = juice

-osis = abnormal...

 
Hemorrhage or "out of the vesseal or leaking" of blood into the subcutaneous tissue. The resultant...
23

hematoma

hemat/o = blood

-oma = mass

 
Collection of extravasated blood trapped in the tissues and palpable to the examiner, such...
24

macule

macul/o = spot

 
Flat blemish or discoloration less than 1 cm, such as a freckle, port-wind stain, or tattoo...
25
patch
 
Large, flat, nonpalpable macule larger than 1 cm.
26

nodule

nod/o = knot

-ule = small

 
Palpable solid lesion less than 2 cm, such as a very small lipoma. (see Figs) p124.
27
papul/o = pimple
 
Raised solid skin lesion raised less than 1 cm, such as a pimple.
28

pustule

pustul/o

 
Superficial, elevated lesion containing pus that may be the result of an infection, such as...
29
vesicul/o = blister or small sac
 
Circumscribed, elevated lesion containing fluid and smaller than 1/2 cm such as an insect...
30

wheal

wheel

 
Circumscribed, elevated papule caused by localized edema, which can result from a bug bite....
31

atrophy

a- = no, not, without

troph/o = development

-y = process

 
Paper-thin casted skin often occurring in the aged or as stretch marks from rapid weight gain.
32
cicatrix
 
A scar. An area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after destruction of some of the...
33
fissure
 
Cracklike lesion of the skin, such as an anal fissure. see figs pg 124
34
ulcer
 
Circumscribed craterlike lesion of the skin or mucour membrane resulting from necrosis or tissue...
35

atopic dermatitus

a- = no, not, without

top/o = place, location

-ic...

 
Chronic, pruritic superficial inflammation of the skin usually associated with a family history...
36

contact dermatitis

dermat/o = skin

-itis = inflammation

 
Irritated or allergic response of the skin that can lead to an acute or chronic inflammation.
37
eczema
 
Superficial inflammation of the skinm characterized by vesicles, weeping, and pruritus. Also...
38
pruitis
 
Pruitis is severe itching. Can be resultant of chemicals, stress.
39

folliculitis

follicul/o = follicle

-itis = inflammation

 
Inflammation of the hair follicles, which may be superficial or deep, acute, or chronic.
40
impetigo is EXTREMELY CONTAGIOUS
 
EXTREMELY CONTAGIOUS. Superficial vesiculopustular skin infection normally seen in choldren...
41

pilonidal cyst

pil/o = hair

nid/o = nest

-al = pertaining...

 
Growth of a hair in a cyst in the sacral region.
42

seborrheic dermatitis

seb/o = sebum

-rrheic = pertaining to discharge

dermat/o...

 
Inflammatory scaling disease of the scalp (usually), and face. In newborns,...
43

dermatomycosis

dermat/o = skin

myc/o = fungus

-osis = abnormal...

 
Fungal infection of the skin. Also known as dermatophtosis
44

tinea capitis

capit/o = head

-is = structure

 
Fungal infection of the scalp. Also known as ringworm
45

tinea corporis

corpor/o = body

-is = structure

 
Ringworm of the body manifested by pink to red papulosquamous annular (ringlike) plaques with...
46

tinea cruris

crur/o = leg

-is = structure

 
A fungal infection that occurs mainly on external genitalia and upper legs in males, particularly...
47

tinea pedis

ped/o = foot

-is = structure

 

 
Fungal infection of the foot; AKA athlete's foot. Fungus will grow where it is dark and moist
48

pediculosis

pedicul/o = lice ( singular- louse)

-osis...

 
Parasitic infestation with lice, involving the head, body, or genital area
49
scabies
 
Parasitic infestation caused by mites; characterized by pruritic papular rash
50
herpes simplex virus (HSV)
 
Viral infection sharacterized by clusters of small vesicles filled with clear fluid on raised...
51
HSV-1
 
HSV-1 causes fever blisters (herpetic stomatitis) commonly...
52
HSV-2
 
HSV-2 is commonly known as genital herpes
53
herpes zoster (chicken pox)
 

herpes zoster

Acute, painful rash caused by reactivation of the latent varicellazoster...

54
verruca (pl. verrucae)
 
Common contagious epithelial growths usually appearing on the skin of the hands, feet, legs,...
55
alopecia
 
Baldness or hair loss resulting from genetic factors, aging, or disease
56
psoriasis
 
Common chronic skin disorder characterized by circumscribed, salmon-red patches covered by...
57
callus
 
Common painless thickening of the stratum corneum at locations of external pressure or friction
58
corn
 
Horny mass of condensed epithelial cells overlying a bony prominence as the result of...
59
decubitus ulcer
 
Inflammation, ulcer, or sore in the skin over a bony prominence most often seen in aged, debilitated,...
60

ichthyosis

ichthy/o = fish

-osis = abnormal condition

 
Category of dry skin that has the scaly appearance of a fish. It ranges from mild to severe....
61
Xer/o
 
Dry
62

albinism

albin/o = white

-ism = condition

 
Complete lack of melanin production by existing melanocytes resulting in pale skin, white hair,...
63

dyschromia

dys- = abnormal

chrom/o = color

-ia = condition

 
Abnormality of skin pigmentation. Hyperchromia is abnormally increased pigmentation. Hypochromia...
64
vitiligo (Michael Jackson's condition)
 
Benign acquired disease of unknown origin consisting of irregular patches of various sizes...
65

anhidrosis

an- = no, not, without

hidr/o = sweating

-osis = abnormal...

 
A condition in which a person produces little or no sweat
66

hidradenitis

hidraden/o = sweat gland

-itis = inflammation

 
Inflammation of the sweat glands
67

hyperhidrosis

hyper- = excessive

hidr/o = sweat

-osis = abnormal...

 
Excessive perspitation caused by heat, strong emotion, menopause, hyperthyroidism, or infection
68
Partial-thickness burn
 
Burn in which only the first and second layers of the skin (epidermis and part of the...
69
superficial burn
 
burn in which only the first layer of the skin, the epidermis is damaged; aka first-degree...
70
full-thickness burn
 
burn that damages the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue; aka third degree burn....
71

angioma

angi/o = vessel

-oma = tumor

 
Localized vascular lesion that includes hemangiomas, vasular nevi, and lymphangiomas.
72

lipoma

lip/o = fat

-oma = tumor

 
Fatty tumor that is a soft, movable, subcutaneous nodule
73

basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

bas/o = base

-al = pertaining to

carcinoma...

 
The most common form of skin cancer it originates in the basal layer of the epidermis. It usually...
74

malignant melanoma

melan/o = black, dark

-oma = tumor

 
This cancerous tumor arises from mutated melanocytes. This particular cancer is the leading...
75

squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)

squam/o = scaly

-ous = pertaining to

carcinoma...

 
The second most common type of skin cancer, also caused by sun exposure, but developing...
76
What are the three most common malignant cancers of the skin?
 

1. basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

2. malignant melanoma

3. squamous cell carcinoma...

77
excisional biopsy
 
biopsy in which the entire tumor may be removed with borders as a means of diagnosis and treatment
78
needle aspiration
 
Aspiration of fluid from lesions to obtain samples for culture and examination
79
punch biopsy
 
biopsy in which a tubular punch is inserted through to the subcutaneous tissue, and the tissue...
80

cauterization

cauter/i = burn

-zation = process of

 
Destruction of tissue by burning with heat
81

cryosurgery

cry/o = extreme cold or freezing

 
Destruction of tissue through the use of extreme cold, usually liquid nitrogen
82
incision and drainage (I&D)
 
Cutting open and removing the contents of a wound, cyst, or other lesion
83

dermabrasion

derm/o = skin

-abrasion = scraping of

 
Surgical procedure to resurface the skin; to remove acne scars, nevi, wrinkles, and tattoos.
84

dermatoplasty

dermat/o = skin

-plasty = surgical repair

 
Transplant of living skin to correct effects of injury, operation, or disease
85

lipectomy

lip/o = fat

-ectomy = removal

 
Removal of fatty tissue (usually surgical removal)
86

liposuction

lip/o = fat

 
Technique for removing adipose tissue with a suction pump device

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