An Illustrated Guide To Veterinary Medical Terminology Positional Terms

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Positional Terms From Chapter 2 Of An Illustrated Guide To Veterinary Medical Terminology Second Edition By Janet Amundson Romich.


 
  
Created Apr 27, 2010
by
chuseth

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
ventral
 
the belly or underside of a body
2
cranial
 
toward the head
3
anterior
 
front of the body
4
rostral
 
nose end of the head
5
cephalic
 
pertaining to the head
6
medial
 
toward the midline
7
superior
 
uppermost, above, or toward the head
8
proximal
 
nearest the midline or nearest the beginning of a structure
9
superficial
 
near the surface; also called external
10
palmar
 
the caudal surface of the manus (front paw) including the carpus (from the antebrachial joint...
11
dorsal
 
to the back
12
caudal
 
towards the tail
13
posterior
 
rear end of the body
14
caudal
 
toward the tail
15
lateral
 
away from the midline
16
inferior
 
lowermost, below, or toward the tail
17
distal
 
farthest from the midline or farthest from the beginning of a structure
18
deep
 
away from the surface; also called internal
19
plantar
 
means the caudal surface of the pes (rear paw) including the tarsus (from the tibiotarsal joint...
20
midsagittal plane
 
plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves; also called median;...
21
sagittal plane
 
plane that divides the body into unequal right and left parts
22
dorsal plane
 
the plane that divides the body into dorsal (back) and ventral (belly) parts; also called frontal...
23
transverse plane
 
the plane that divides the body into cranial and caudal parts; also called horizontal plane...
24
anatomy
 
the study of body structure
25
physiology
 
the study of the body function(s)
26
pathophysiology
 
the study of changes in function caused by disease
27
etiology
 
the study of disease
28
arcade
 
term used to describe how teeth are arranged in the mouth
29
lingual surface
 
the aspect of the tooth that faces the tongue
30
palatal surface
 
the tooth surface of the maxilla that faces the tongue on both the maxilla (upper jaw) and...
31
buccal surface
 
the aspect of the tooth that faces the cheek; also called vestibular surface
32
occlusal surfaces
 
the aspects of the teeth that meet when you chew
33
labial surface
 
the tooth surface facing the lips
34
contact surfaces
 
the aspects of the tooth that touch other teeth
35
mesial surface
 
the contact surface closest to the midline of the dental arcade or arch
36
distal surface
 
the contact surface is the one that is furthest from the midline of the dental arcade
37
cranial cavity
 
hollow space that contains the brain in the skull
38
spinal cavity
 
hollow space that contains the spinal cord within the spinal column
39
thoracic cavity
 
also called chest cavity; hollow space that contains the heart and lungs within the ribs between...
40
abdominal cavity
 
hollow space that contains the major organs of digestion between the diaphragm and pelvic cavity
41
peritoneal cavity
 
hollow space within the abdominal cavity between the parietal peritoneum and the visceral peritoneum
42
pelvic cavity
 
hollow space that contains the reproductive and some excretory system organs formed by the...
43
abdomen
 
the portion of the body between the thorax and the pelvis containing the abdominal cavity
44
thorax
 
chest region located between the neck and diaphragm
45
groin
 
lower region of the abdomen adjacent to the thigh; also known as the inguinal area
46
membranes
 
thin layers of tissue that cover a surface, line a cavity, or divide a space or organ
47
peritoneum
 
the membrane lining the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities and covers some organs in...
48
parietal peritoneum
 
the outer layer of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities
49
visceral peritoneum
 
inner layer of the peritoneum that surrounds the abdominal organs
50
umbilicus
 
the pit in the abdominal wall marking the point where the umbilical cord entered the fetus;...
51
mesentery
 
the layer of the peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine in the abdominal cavity
52
retroperitoneal
 
superficial to the peritoneum
53
recumbent
 
lying down
54
dorsal recumbency
 
lying on the back
55
ventral recumbency or sternal recumbency
 
lying on the belly
56
left lateral recumbency
 
lying on the left side
57
right lateral recumbency
 
lying on the right side
58
adduction
 
movement toward the midline
59
abduction
 
movement away from the midline
60
flexion
 
closure of a joint angle, or reduction of the angel between two bones
61
extension
 
straightening of a joint or an increase in the angle between two bones
62
hyperflexion
 
palmar or plantar movement of the joint angles
63
hyperextension
 
occurs when the joint is flexed or extended too far
64
supination
 
the act of rotating the limb or body part so that the palmar surface is turned upward
65
pronation
 
the act of rotating the limb or body part so that the palmar surface is turned townward
66
rotation
 
circular movement around an axis
67
cytology
 
the study of cells
68
protoplasm
 
the cell membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus
69
cytoplasm
 
the material located within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus
70
nucleus
 
structure of a cell that contains nucleoplasm, chromosomes, and the surrounding membrane
71
nucleoplasm
 
the material in the nucleus
72
chromosomes
 
the structures in the nucleus composed of DNA, which transmits genetic information
73
genetic disorder
 
any disease or condition caused by defective genes and is inherited
74
congenital
 
something that is present at birth
75
anomaly
 
a deviation from what is regarded as normal
76
tissue
 
a group of specialized cells that are similar in structure and function
77
histology
 
the study of the structure, composition, and function of tissue
78
epithelial tissue
 
tissue that covers internal and external body surfaces and is made up of tightly packed cells...
79
epithelium
 
the cellular covering that forms the outer layer of the skin and covers the external surfaces...
80
endothelium
 
the cellular covering that forms the lining of the internal organs including the blood vessels
81
mesothelium
 
the cellular covering that forms the lining of serous membranes such as the peritoneum


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