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Humanities Final Exam

Humanites Art Terms
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Side ASide B
bayeux tapestry
depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England as well as the events of the invasion itself. The Bayeux Tapestry is annotated in the Latin language. It is exhibited...
Byzantine style
emperor Justinian; Byzatine architects favored the Greek cross plan by which all four arms of the structure were of equal length; the octagonal church of San Vitale,walls of which...
Italian Renaissance style
-Remarkable achievement in arts & creativity -Built upon classical styles & principles -Classical humanism + Christianity -Optimism, individualism, practicality -...
Brunelleschi
his dome consists of two octagonal shells..incorporates eight curved panels joined by massive ribs that soar upward from the octagonal drum; elegant lantern through which light enters...
Linear, one point perspective:
an ingenious tool for the tranlation of three dimensional space into a two dimensional surface
genre painting 
art depicting scenes from everyday life
Fresco:
a method of painting walls or ceiling surfaces with fresh moist lime plaster
Da Vinci 
: known as a Renaissance man as he was very well rounded an versed in various aspects of the time such as science, obviously art, math, music, and inventions Famous...
Raphael 
 known for his accuracy and incisiveness Famous art pieces: The Alba Madonna or Madonna and Child and the School of Athens [came to epitomize spatial clarity, decorum,...
Michaelangelo 
architect, poet,painter, and engineer; overthrew many traditional constraints, minimizing setting and symbolic details and maximizing the grandeur of figures that seem superhuman...
Ghiberti 
: early Renaissance sculpture and metal working Famous pieces: Florentine Baptistry Doors: “Gates of Paradise” (1401)
Donatello
: Early Renaissance sculptor Famous pieces : David [Bronze full round statue: Pagan & Christian elements,youthful, pre-pubescent,Venetian hat,Contraposso stance]
Botticelli
Famous Pieces:La Primavera (Birth of Venus) 1482
Northern Renaissance style 
Not as oriented to classicism & Christianity -intense visual realism” -Western Christianity permanently fractured into Roman Catholic & Protestant groups -European Reformation...
Van Eyck 
: perfected the art of oil painting; realism…religious manuscripts and panel paintings Famous pieces: Marriage of Giovanni Aronlfini and his Bride [immediacy]
Bosch
: detailed the fallability of mankind, its moral struggle and its apocalyptic destiny as oppose to Rapheal and Michael angelo who elevated the natural nobility of ...
Brueghel the Elder
concerned with human folly; concerned with the happenings of   Famous pieces: Blind leading the blind
Gothic Cathedral style
3 elements: pointed arch, ribbed vault, stained glass
Baroque style 
-Extravagant ornamental decoration” (Fiero)
Bernini
Famous pieces: David fig10.6, Ecstasy of St. Teresa Fig. 10.1
Vermeer
light and color; realism; landscape Famous pieces:The Milk Maid Fig. 10.14
Rembrandt
: landscape & religious themes; premier portraitist Famous pieces: Self Portrait as Saint Paul Fig. 10.16
Rubens
Italy, England, France Rape of Daughters of Leucippus 
Romanesque cathedral style
-Round arches and barrel vaults -Massive stone structures -Saint-Sernin, Toulouse France (Fiero 160-161

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