Human Sexuality: Hormones And Sexuality

Chapter 3: Hormones And Sexuality
 
Created Sep 8, 2011
by lindsey_lew_who
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Chemical substances that are secreted by ductless glands into the bloodstream. They are carried...
hormones
A network of ductless glands that secrete their chemical substances, called hormones, directly...
Endocrine system
A hormone that is produced by the testicles (and in very small amounts by the ovaries and adrenal...
Testosterone
A hormone that is produced by the ovaries (and in very small amounts by the testicles and adrenal...
Estrogen
A hormone that is produced in large amounts by the ovaries after ovulation. It prepares the...
Progesterone
A gonadotropin hormone released by the pituitary gland that stimulates the development of a...
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
A gonadotropin hormone released by the pituitary glad that triggers ovulation in women and...
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
A hormone released from the pituitary gland that stimulates milk production in the breasts.
Prolactin
A pituitary hormone associated with milk release, labor and orgasmic contractions, and erotic...
Oxytocin
A hormone released by the hypothalamus in the brain that causes the pituitary gland to release...
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
A hormone produced by the testicles and ovaries that inhibits release of follicle-stimulating...
Inhibin
The monthly cycle of hormonal events in a woman that leads to ovulation and menstruation. 
Menstrual Cycle
A sac in the ovary containing an ovum and surrounding follicular cells.
Follicle
The monthly discharge of endometrial tissue, blood, and other secretions from the uterus that...
Menstruation
The follicular cells that remain in the ovary after the follicle expels the ovum during ovulation....
Corpus luteum
Chemical substances secreted externally by animals that convey information to, and produce...
Pheromones
The cycle of hormonal events that occurs in most nonhuman mammals. The females are sexually...
Estrous cycle
Incorrect negative attitudes about menstruating women.
Menstrual taboos
The absence of menstruation for 6 months or longer.
Amenorrhea
The term for a girl's first menstrual period
Menarche
A group of physical and/or emotional changes that many women experience in the last 3 to 14...
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
A severe form of PMS that markedly interferes with social relations, work, or education.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
Painful menstruation
Dysmenorrhea
Heavy vaginal bleeding
Menorrhagia
The growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus.
Endometriosis 
A syndrome with symptoms of high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and dizziness; caused by toxins...
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
Synthetic steroid hormones that combine the growth (anabolic) effects of adrenal steroids with...
Anabolic steroids
Produce small amounts of testosterone, estrogen and progesterone. 
Adrenal glands
Preovulatory phase when the pituitary secretes FSH and the follicle secretes estrogen.
Follicular or proliferative phase 
The gland located at the base of the brain that secretes follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing...
Pituitary gland
If an egg is fertilized by a sperm and implantation occurs, the corpus luteium is maintained...
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
Postovulatory phase when the corpus luteum begins to secrete large amounts of progesterone
Luteal phase
Cramps experienced for about a day during ovulation 
Mittelschmerz
Substances that cause contractions of the uterus
Prostaglandins
True or False: Hormones are important for women's sexual desire, but not for men's.
False
True or False: Testosterone is found only in men, and estrogen is found only in women.
False
True or False: All female mammals have menstrual cycles.
False
True or False: Most women's menstrual cycles are 28 days in length.
False
True or False: It is medically safe for a man have sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman.
True 
True or False: Women who use tampons should change them three or four times a day, even if...
True
True or False: Women show a dramatic increase in sexual desire around the time of ovulation.
False
True or False: Women's ovaries produce new eggs throughout their lifetimes. 
False
True or False: Near the end of the postovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle, there is an...
False
True or False: There is some evidence suggesting that women's menstrual cycles can be altered...
True
True or False: Only women can get toxic shock syndrome.
False
True or False: Estrogen, according to most research, is the primary hormone responsible for...
False


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