Human Nutrition Exam 4

90 cards

Human Nutrtio N Exam 4


 
  
Created Apr 11, 2011
by
roche075

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
True or False: Eating certain foods elevates BMR and promotes weight loss.  
 
False
2
The psychological desire to eat is what?
 
Appetite
3
One pound of body fat is equal to how many calories?
 
3500 calories
4
A very low carbohydrate diet will cause what?
 
Ketosis
5
What two things are based on weight and height?
 
Height weight charts & BMI
6
What are the components of fitness?
 
Flexibility, muscle strength, muscle endurance, & cardio respiratory endurance
7
Muscles respond to exercise overload by gaining what?
 
Strength & size.
8
What are some symptoms of dehydration?
 
Fatigue & thirst.
9
During exercise the optimal beverage for replacing fluids is?
 
Cool water
10
Muscle growth is stimulated by what?
 
Physically demanding activity
11
Endurance athletes can postpone fatigue during activity by doing what?
 
Eating glucose periodically
12
The health benefits of physical activity are what?
 
Build bone strength and reduce risk of type 2 diabetes.
13
A person trying to gain weight should do what?
 
Eat more often
14
True or False: Most athletes need more protein than the DRI recommendation.
 
True
15
Excess body fat is associated with an increased risk of what?
 
Some cancers, heart disease, gallbladder disease, and complications of pregnancy.
16
Bulimia nervosa is more common in who and what?
 
In woman than men and than anorexia nervosa.
17
Waist circumference looks at degree of what?
 
Visceral fat
18
True or False: Any energy containing food can make you fat if you eat enough of it.
 
True
19
What is associated with lower BMR?
 
Starvation
20
Quick, large changes in weight are likely the result of what?
 
Changes in body fluid content
21
What activites would increase cardio respiratory endurance?
 
Walking, running, & swimming
22
What activities would increase flexibility?
 
Pilates, yoga, &stretching
23
The length of time BMR remains elevated after exercise depends on what?
 
Duration of activity and intensity of the activity
24
Endurance athletes should replace glycogen when?
 
Before, during, and after activity
25
The first nutrient priority for a strenth athlete is what?
 
Adequate fluid
26
Someone with at least one obese parent has what chance of becoming obese?
 
30-70% chance
27
Excess body fat is associated with an increased risk of what?
 
Some cancer and gallbladder disease
28
What is involved in signaling satiation?
 
The stomach, the brain, and the small intestine
29
Body mass index is not suitable for use with who?
 
Pregnant women and most adults
30
Central to the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa is what?
 
Distorted body image
31
Early in activity, what provides the majority of energy for the muscles?
 
Muscle glycogen
32
Endurance athletes can delay fatigue during their activity by doing what?
 
Taking in carbohydrate before activity and use a sports drink during the effor.
33
Anaerobic glucose breakdown produces a compound called what?
 
Lactate
34
Sport drinks offer some advantages over water for athletes who need what?
 
Need to replenish electrolytes
35
Carbonated beverages are not a good choice of fluid replacement during activity because they...
 
Speed up the use of glycoegen and act as diuretics
36
What would not be appropriate for a pregame meal?
 
Raisin bran and milk
37
An athlete weighed 150 pounds prior to an even and 148 pounds after the event.  How...
 
4 cups
38
True or False: The age of a person (when exercising) will influence how much glucose a person...
 
False, carbohydrate intake, duration of activity, and degree of training of the muscles/
39
True or False: A characteristic of bulimia is that the victim is unaware that his/her behavior...
 
False, the vicitim is close to her ideal body weight, the victim's weight fluctuates 10 pounds...
40
True or False: Balance is a component of fitness.
 
False, flexibity, muscle strenth, muscle endurance, and cardio respiratory endurance are the...
41
True or False: Weight training results in decreased bone density.
 
False, Weight training results in improved posture, muscle strenth and endurance, and prevention...
42
The characteristics of cardio respiratory endurance are what?
 
Increased cardiac output and oxygen delivery as well as reduced blood pressure.
43
True or False: Certain foods can promote weight loss by increasing your metabolic rate.
 
False
44
Which is more common, blumia or anorexia?
 
Bulimia
45
True or False: Eating disorders are only found in developed nations where wealth is prevalent.
 
Ture
46
True or False: One pound of fat is equal to 3500 calories.
 
True
47
True or False: Having a beer gut (abdominal fat) is significantly higher health risk than having...
 
True
48
What factors is associated with a higher basal metabolic rate?
 
Stress, fever, and youth
49
True or False: Vitamin E is needed for the formation of collagen.
 
False, vitamin C is needed.
50
True or False: An endurance athlete, in order to maintain their blood glucose concentrations...
 
False, they should eat a high-carbohydrate diet regularly and take in glucose during the endurance...
51
True or False: fatigue is the first symptom of dehydration ( besides thirst).
 
True
52
When exercising, the best beverage to replace fluids is what?
 
Cool water
53
True or False: The body needs more carbohydrates than it does any other nutrient.
 
False, the body needs more water.
54
Protein is needed by the body to support an exercise program because of its role in what?
 
Repairing muscle tissue after exercise.
55
True or False: Fad diets are successful in the short term because they induce a calorie deficit.
 
True
56
True or False: Carboydrate from food is especially easy for the body to store as fat.
 
False, prtein is used to build muscles in response to exercise, alcohol delivers calories and...
57
After eating dinner, you go to a movie and smell the popcorn.  Although you are full,...
 
Appetite
58
True or False: A valid recommendation for managing portion sizes of foods in order to manage...
 
False, you should choose smaller plates, glasses, and utensils as well as eat just until satisfied...
59
Characteristics of bulimia nervosa include what?
 
The victim's weight fluctuates 10 pounds or so over a few weeks, the victim is close to her...
60
You have chosen to treat yourself to a weekly mocha latte coffee, which has 215 calories. ...
 
3 pounds
61
True or False: Society plays a role in eating disorders because they are known only in developed...
 
True
62
One pound of body fat is equal to how many calories?
 
3500
63
True or False: Protein is used to build muscles in response to exercise.
 
True
64
True or False: Any food can make you fat if you eat enough of it.
 
True
65
True or False: Carbohydrate from food is especially easy for the body to store as fat.
 
False
66
True or False: Alcohol delivers calories and encourages fat storage.
 
True
67
One "outside the body" factor that contributes to obesity is what?
 
The "built environment", which can discourage physical activity
68
The hormone produced by adipose tissue in response to body fat production that helps to control...
 
Leptin
69
True or False: Eating certain foods can elevate the basal metabolic rate, and thus promote...
 
False
70
Quick, large changes in weight are most likely the result of what?
 
Changes in body fluid content, changes in lean tissues such as muscles, and changes in electrolytes...
71
Body mass index is a suitable measurement for use with who?
 
Adults
72
What tests are based on weight and height and used to assess weight status?
 
BMI
73
What are the risks of being underweight?
 
Thin people are at a disadvantage in the hospital after surgery, thin people die first during...
74
What are the factors associated with a higher basal metabolic rate?
 
Youth, stress, and fever
75
The physiological desire to eat is referred to as what?
 
Hunger
76
Excess fat around what part of the body represents a greater risk to health than excess fat...
 
Central abdominal area
77
A body mass index of 25.0 to 29.9 in an adult indicates what?
 
Overweight person
78
True or False: Taller people need proportionately more energy than shorter people to balance...
 
True
79
True or False: Waist circumference indicates visceral fatness, and above a certain girth, disease...
 
True
80
The psychological desire to eat is referred to as what?
 
Appetite
81
During exercise the optimal beverage for replacing fluids is what?
 
Cool water
82
What factors influence how much glucose a person uses during physical activity?
 
Degree of training of the muscles, duration of the activity, and carbohydrate intake.
83
What is the intensity level of a physical activity that causes some increase in breathing,...
 
Moderate
84
Sports drinks offer some advantages over water for athletes who need what?
 
Need to replenish electrolytes
85
Carbonated beverages are not a good choice for meeting an athlet's fluid need because they...
 
Make a person feel full quickly and may limit fluid intake
86
A female athlete weighs 120 pounds before a race and 118 pounds after the race.  How much...
 
4 cups
87
Glycogen depletion occurs after about how many hours of vigorous activity?
 
Two
88
A benefit of cardio respiratory endurance training is what?
 
The heart muscle grows larger and stronger
89
True or False: To emphasize muscle endurance in weight training, you would combine less resistance...
 
True
90
Anaerobic glucose breakdown produces a compound called what that accumulates in the tissues...
 
Lactate


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel