HohenfelsAPGovt10

100 cards

Flashcards For Chapter10


 
  
Created Oct 12, 2010
by
hohenfelsusgovt

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
1) Americans have been raised to think of the federal courts as    
A)...
 
E
2
2) Alexander Hamilton believed that the Supreme Court was     
A)...
 
C
3
3) Congressional checks on judicial power include all but which of the following?    A)...
 
E
4
4) What does the Constitution say about the salaries of federal judges?     ...
 
D
5
5) According to Article III, the salaries of federal judges     
A)...
 
D
6
6) The power of the courts to review acts of the other branches of government is known as     
A)...
 
A
7
7) Which of the following is an advantage of a Supreme Court clerkship?     ...
 
A
8
8) In ________, the U.S. Supreme Court held that it had the power to review the constitutionality...
 
E
9
9) Who is considered the most important justice to ever serve on the Supreme Court?     ...
 
B
10
10) Which early court case led to the Eleventh Amendment prohibiting lawsuits against states?     ...
 
D
11
11) The Marshall court helped establish which of the following for the Supreme Court?   ...
 
B
12

12) A court of original jurisdiction is generally known as a/an     ...
 
A
13

13) Which early court case asserted the power of judicial review by finding Congress had...
 
A
14

14) In which decision did the Supreme Court declare that it could exercise judicial review...
 
D
15

15) In which decision did the Supreme Court declare that it could exercise judicial review...
 
A
16

16) Judicial review, the power of the judiciary to review the acts of other branches of...
 
A
17
17) Why did the Framers include life tenure for federal judges?     ...
 
C
18
18) Federal judges serve for    
A) eight-year terms.
B) life, with...
 
B
19
19) Included among the checks on the powers of the U.S. Supreme Court are:
I. Congress...
 
E
20
20) Precedent for judicial filibustering of Supreme Court nominees began with    ...
 
E
21
21) How were Robert Bork's confirmation hearings different from those of other Supreme Court...
 
E
22
22) All of the following are checks on the judiciary EXCEPT    
A)...
 
E
23
23) The Judiciary Act of 1789     
A) established the state court...
 
D
24
24) The three-tiered structure of the federal court system was established by    ...
 
A
25
25) The Judiciary Act of 1789 set the size of the supreme court at     ...
 
A
26
26) Federal circuit courts originally were created by Congress to   
A)...
 
A
27
27) How many justices sit on the Supreme Court?   
A) eight     ...
 
B
28
28) The size of the Supreme Court is     
A) set by the Supreme...
 
B
29
29) The first chief justice of the United States was   
A) James Wilson.
B)...
 
C
30
30) What was the response to the Supreme Court's decision in Chisholm v. Georgia?     ...
 
E
31

31) Initially, service on the Supreme Court was considered 
A) a great honor.
B)...
 
D
32
32) What does the Eleventh Amendment say?     
A) The Supreme...
 
E
33
33) McCulloch v. Maryland     
A) outlawed seriatim opinions.
B)...
 
C
34
34) In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court  
A) established seriatim opinions.
B)...
 
D
35

35) In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court    
A) outlawed...
 
D
36

36) As it exists in the United States, judicial review is the power     ...
 
E
37
37) ________ is generally considered to have been the most influential chief justice of the...
 
C
38
38) As chief justice, John Marshall initiated several reforms to strengthen the Court and the...
 
E
39
39) John Marshall can best be described as a     
A) Federalist.
B)...
 
A
40
40) The Supreme Court set the precedent that it has the power of judicial review in     ...
 
D
41
41) The doctrine of judicial review was established by     
A)...
 
A
42
42) The belief that the Supreme Court should have the power of judicial review is included...
 
E
43
43) State courts of original jurisdiction where cases begin are called     A)...
 
E
44
44) Before any state or federal court can hear a case, it must have ________, which is the...
 
A
45
45) Appellate courts usually     
A) determine the credibility...
 
D
46
46) Courts with appellate jurisdiction typically   
A) determine factual...
 
C
47
47) In a civil case, the party who brings a case against a defendant is referred to as the     ...
 
A
48

48) ________ includes codes of behavior related to business and contractual relationships...
 
C
49
49) Which of the following is a legislative court?  
A) Federal District Courts
B)...
 
B
50
50) Legislative courts   
A) have judges with life tenure.
B) hear all...
 
E
51
51) How many district courts does each state have?    
A) between zero...
 
D
52
52) The second most powerful court in the U.S. is the     
A)...
 
D
53

53) The U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit is the second most powerful federal...
 
B
54
54) The court that handles most cases involving federal regulatory agencies is the    A)...
 
C
55

55) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the federal appellate courts?     
A)...
 
A
56
56) The major purpose of the federal circuit courts of appeals is to    A)...
 
D
57
57) Who is the current Chief Justice of the United States?
A) Clarence Thomas
B) John...
 
B
58
58) In court rulings, a reliance on past decisions to formulate decisions on new cases is called     ...
 
B
59
59) A prior judicial decision that serves as a rule for settling subsequent cases of a similar...
 
E
60
60) If the Supreme Court decides to permit the use of the hallucinogenic hoasca tea in a religious...
 
E
61
61) The justices of the Supreme Court are     
A) nominated by...
 
B
62

62) How many associate justices serve on the Supreme Court? 
A) nine     ...
 
D
63
63) Senatorial courtesy    
A) requires a majority of the Senate to...
 
B
64
64) What is senatorial courtesy?  
A) The penchant for members of Congress to...
 
C
65
65) What are recess appointments?    
A) appointments to the federal...
 
B
66
66) How many successful Supreme Court appointments has George W. Bush made?     
A)...
 
C
67
67) In recent years, the congressional confirmation process for a president's Supreme Court...
 
D
68
68) Qualifications for Supreme Court Justices can be found in which section of the Constitution?     ...
 
E
69
69) Which of the followed played a diminished role in George W. Bush's Supreme Court nominations?     ...
 
B
70
70) Which of the following informal criteria for being nominated to the Supreme Court is less...
 
D
71

71) Which of the following Supreme Court justices was the least likely to vote the way...
 
C
72

72) The Supreme Court has had ________ African-American members in its history.     ...
 
A
73
73) The Supreme Court has had ________ female members in its history.     
A)...
 
E
74
74) Although it is unusual for justices to comment about the nomination process,     ...
 
C
75
75) Over the years, the role of the American Bar Association in the nomination and confirmation...
 
E
76
76) While recent presidents have sent their judicial branch nominees to the American Bar Association...
 
E
77
77) Which of the following nominees was NOT confirmed by the Senate largely as a result of...
 
E
78

78) How well known are Supreme Court justices?     
A) A majority...
 
E
79
79) How many decisions did the Supreme Court issue in the 2005-2006 term?     
A)...
 
C
80
80) During the 2005-2006 term, approximately ________ cases were filed with the Supreme Court.     ...
 
E
81
81) The U.S. Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in all cases EXCEPT   A)...
 
E
82
82) The Supreme Court will hear a case if ________ justices vote to do so.     ...
 
B
83

83) Cases heard by the Supreme Court are most likely to involve 
A) the Bill of...
 
A
84
84) A request from the Supreme Court to order up the records of a lower court case so that...
 
A
85
85) The Court is most likely to hear a case under which of the following circumstances?     ...
 
B
86
ing to political scientists, the Supreme Court is most likely to hear a case for all of the...
 
E
87
87) ________ has been referred to as the Court's "ninth and a half" member.     ...
 
D
88

88) Who is most likely to write an amicus brief?    
A) the chief...
 
E
89

89) During conference, Supreme Court justices speak    
A) in order...
 
C
90
90) Political scientists have found that oral arguments before the Supreme Court serve several...
 
D
91
91) When a justice agrees with the decision of the Court but not the reasoning, he or she may...
 
E
92
92) The idea that judges should use their power broadly to further justice is called     ...
 
C
93
93) The idea that judges should allow the decisions of other branches to stand is called     ...
 
C
94
94) The idea that judges should refrain from making policy is referred to as     A)...
 
D
95
95) Which of the following is an example of judicial activism?    
A)...
 
D
96

96) Among the ________ looked at by some political scientists trying to explain Supreme...
 
C
97
97) Some argue that Supreme Court justices will vote against hearing an interesting case if...
 
E
98
98) Judicial implementation is   A) When judges use the power of the bench to...
 
E
99

99) Korematsu v. U.S. is as an example of     
A) how public...
 
A
100
100) The Supreme Court's decision that permitted the internment of the Japanese Americans during...
 
A


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