HohenfelsAPGovt10

Flashcards For Chapter10
Created Oct 12, 2010
by hohenfelsusgovt
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Side ASide B
1) Americans have been raised to think of the federal courts as     A)...
E
2) Alexander Hamilton believed that the Supreme Court was      A)...
C
3) Congressional checks on judicial power include all but which of the following?    A)...
E
4) What does the Constitution say about the salaries of federal judges?     ...
D
5) According to Article III, the salaries of federal judges      A)...
D
6) The power of the courts to review acts of the other branches of government is known as     A)...
A
7) Which of the following is an advantage of a Supreme Court clerkship?     ...
A
8) In ________, the U.S. Supreme Court held that it had the power to review the constitutionality...
E
9) Who is considered the most important justice to ever serve on the Supreme Court?     ...
B
10) Which early court case led to the Eleventh Amendment prohibiting lawsuits against states?     ...
D
11) The Marshall court helped establish which of the following for the Supreme Court?   ...
B
12) A court of original jurisdiction is generally known as a/an     ...
A
13) Which early court case asserted the power of judicial review by finding Congress had erred...
A
14) In which decision did the Supreme Court declare that it could exercise judicial review...
D
15) In which decision did the Supreme Court declare that it could exercise judicial review...
A
16) Judicial review, the power of the judiciary to review the acts of other branches of government,...
A
17) Why did the Framers include life tenure for federal judges?     ...
C
18) Federal judges serve for     A) eight-year terms.B) life, with good...
B
19) Included among the checks on the powers of the U.S. Supreme Court are:I. Congress...
E
20) Precedent for judicial filibustering of Supreme Court nominees began with    ...
E
21) How were Robert Bork's confirmation hearings different from those of other Supreme Court...
E
22) All of the following are checks on the judiciary EXCEPT     A) Congress...
E
23) The Judiciary Act of 1789      A) established the state court...
D
24) The three-tiered structure of the federal court system was established by    ...
A
25) The Judiciary Act of 1789 set the size of the supreme court at     ...
A
26) Federal circuit courts originally were created by Congress to    A) function...
A
27) How many justices sit on the Supreme Court?    A) eight     ...
B
28) The size of the Supreme Court is      A) set by the Supreme Court...
B
29) The first chief justice of the United States was    A) James Wilson.B) Thomas...
C
30) What was the response to the Supreme Court's decision in Chisholm v. Georgia?     ...
E
31) Initially, service on the Supreme Court was considered  A) a great honor.B) the apex...
D
32) What does the Eleventh Amendment say?      A) The Supreme Court...
E
33) McCulloch v. Maryland      A) outlawed seriatim opinions.B) applied...
C
34) In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court   A) established seriatim opinions.B)...
D
35) In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court     A) outlawed per curium...
D
36) As it exists in the United States, judicial review is the power     ...
E
37) ________ is generally considered to have been the most influential chief justice of the...
C
38) As chief justice, John Marshall initiated several reforms to strengthen the Court and the...
E
39) John Marshall can best be described as a      A) Federalist.B)...
A
40) The Supreme Court set the precedent that it has the power of judicial review in     ...
D
41) The doctrine of judicial review was established by      A) Marbury...
A
42) The belief that the Supreme Court should have the power of judicial review is included...
E
43) State courts of original jurisdiction where cases begin are called     A)...
E
44) Before any state or federal court can hear a case, it must have ________, which is the...
A
45) Appellate courts usually      A) determine the credibility of...
D
46) Courts with appellate jurisdiction typically    A) determine factual matters...
C
47) In a civil case, the party who brings a case against a defendant is referred to as the     ...
A
48) ________ includes codes of behavior related to business and contractual relationships between...
C
49) Which of the following is a legislative court?   A) Federal District CourtsB)...
B
50) Legislative courts    A) have judges with life tenure.B) hear all federal...
E
51) How many district courts does each state have?     A) between zero...
D
52) The second most powerful court in the U.S. is the      A) U.S....
D
53) The U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit is the second most powerful federal court...
B
54) The court that handles most cases involving federal regulatory agencies is the    A)...
C
55) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the federal appellate courts?     A)...
A
56) The major purpose of the federal circuit courts of appeals is to    A)...
D
57) Who is the current Chief Justice of the United States? A) Clarence ThomasB) John RobertsC)...
B
58) In court rulings, a reliance on past decisions to formulate decisions on new cases is called     ...
B
59) A prior judicial decision that serves as a rule for settling subsequent cases of a similar...
E
60) If the Supreme Court decides to permit the use of the hallucinogenic hoasca tea in a religious...
E
61) The justices of the Supreme Court are      A) nominated by the...
B
62) How many associate justices serve on the Supreme Court?  A) nine     ...
D
63) Senatorial courtesy     A) requires a majority of the Senate to invoke.B)...
B
64) What is senatorial courtesy?   A) The penchant for members of Congress to influence...
C
65) What are recess appointments?     A) appointments to the federal judiciary...
B
66) How many successful Supreme Court appointments has George W. Bush made?     A)...
C
67) In recent years, the congressional confirmation process for a president's Supreme Court...
D
68) Qualifications for Supreme Court Justices can be found in which section of the Constitution?     ...
E
69) Which of the followed played a diminished role in George W. Bush's Supreme Court nominations?     ...
B
70) Which of the following informal criteria for being nominated to the Supreme Court is less...
D
71) Which of the following Supreme Court justices was the least likely to vote the way the...
C
72) The Supreme Court has had ________ African-American members in its history.     ...
A
73) The Supreme Court has had ________ female members in its history.     A)...
E
74) Although it is unusual for justices to comment about the nomination process,     ...
C
75) Over the years, the role of the American Bar Association in the nomination and confirmation...
E
76) While recent presidents have sent their judicial branch nominees to the American Bar Association...
E
77) Which of the following nominees was NOT confirmed by the Senate largely as a result of...
E
78) How well known are Supreme Court justices?      A) A majority...
E
79) How many decisions did the Supreme Court issue in the 2005-2006 term?     A)...
C
80) During the 2005-2006 term, approximately ________ cases were filed with the Supreme Court.     ...
E
81) The U.S. Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in all cases EXCEPT   A)...
E
82) The Supreme Court will hear a case if ________ justices vote to do so.     ...
B
83) Cases heard by the Supreme Court are most likely to involve  A) the Bill of Rights.B)...
A
84) A request from the Supreme Court to order up the records of a lower court case so that...
A
85) The Court is most likely to hear a case under which of the following circumstances?     ...
B
ing to political scientists, the Supreme Court is most likely to hear a case for all of the...
E
87) ________ has been referred to as the Court's "ninth and a half" member.     ...
D
88) Who is most likely to write an amicus brief?     A) the chief justiceB)...
E
89) During conference, Supreme Court justices speak     A) in order of...
C
90) Political scientists have found that oral arguments before the Supreme Court serve several...
D
91) When a justice agrees with the decision of the Court but not the reasoning, he or she may...
E
92) The idea that judges should use their power broadly to further justice is called     ...
C
93) The idea that judges should allow the decisions of other branches to stand is called     ...
C
94) The idea that judges should refrain from making policy is referred to as     A)...
D
95) Which of the following is an example of judicial activism?     A) Gonzales...
D
96) Among the ________ looked at by some political scientists trying to explain Supreme Court...
C
97) Some argue that Supreme Court justices will vote against hearing an interesting case if...
E
98) Judicial implementation is   A) When judges use the power of the bench to...
E
99) Korematsu v. U.S. is as an example of      A) how public opinion...
A
100) The Supreme Court's decision that permitted the internment of the Japanese Americans during...
A


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