History Test: 1


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starving time 1609
burrying done with haste. cannibalism  for jamestown  Jamestown in the Colony of Virginia was a period of starvation during the winter of 1609–1610...
headright system
  a system of obtaining land in colonial times in which one received fifty acres of land forevery emigrant to America one sponsored
john ratcliffe 
one of the defacto leaders, led efforts to coerce corn from powhataon, offends powhatan was captain of the 
1st settlers-male like the roanoke colonists, they chose a site with strategy in mind  founded by VA company  want to share the Gospel  BIG REASON: money 100 people  peninsula...
Roanoke  led by white
Colonists dispatched by Sir Walter Raleigh founded the first English settlement in North America in August 1585 but returned to England the following year. A second group of colonists...
John Rolfe 
married poccanhontas  exported tobacco for Jamestown 
sir walter raleigh 
became queen elizabeths favorite -one of the admirers  designated by the queen to colonize north america fails  popularizes tobacco 
Anne hutchinson 
was a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from...
edward winslow 
 Separatist who traveled on the Mayflower in 1620....
john carver 
first governer of plymouth  formed alliance with massasoit that lasted over forty years 
Gulf Stream
1512 expedition of Juan Ponce de León, after which it became widely used by Spanish ships sailing from the Caribbean to Spain.[1] 
john smith
e was considered to have played an important part in the establishment of the first permanent English settlement in North America. He was a leader of the Virginia Colony (based...
Roger williams 
 In 1636, he began the colony of Providence Plantation, which provided a refuge for religious minorities. Williams started the first Baptist church in America, the First...
john winthrop 
wealthy English Puritan lawyer and one of the leading figures in the founding of theMassachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after Plymouth...
a member of a group of Protestants that arose in the 16th century within the Church of England,demanding the simplification of doctrine and worship, and greater strictness in religious discipline:during part of the 17th century the Puritans became a powerful political party.
VA company 
failed in 1624  a pair of English joint stock companies chartered by James I on 10 April 1606[1][2][3] with the purposes of establishing settlements on...
powhatan confederation  (led VA) 
a network of Algonquian-speaking Indian settlements in Virginia that was ruled by Powhatan.
sir thomas dale 
English naval commander and deputy-governor of the Virginia Colony in 1611 and from 1614 to 1616. put into effect the Laws Divine, moral, and martial. jamestown became a work...
 Native American who assisted the Pilgrims after their first winter in the New World and was integral to their survival. He was a member of the Patuxet...
narragansett indians 
enemies of wampenoag  capital ?  mostly survived the plague years that preceded pilgrims 
William Bradford 
after john carver died, he bacame governor of plymouth. he and miles standish worked to keep the colony's alliance with massasiot viable. plymouth and wampanoag became part of a...
ship that transported mostly English Puritans and Separatists, collectively known today as the Pilgrims, from a site near the ________step in Plymouth, England,...
 tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its leader from sometime after 1618 until his death in...
myles standish 
worked with bradford to keep colony's alliance with massasoit viable.  plymouth colony militia leader (not a puritan); staged a pre emptive raid in which the warrior wituwamat...
Pequot war 
armed conflict between the ______tribe and an alliance of the English colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth,Saybrook colonies and their Native American allies...
church of england
church required for everyone to go to in this place 
colony founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of the famous ship the Mayflower.  where New England was first established
headship tribe of the many tribes that make up the Wampanoag Nation best known for the thanksgiving with the pilgrims 
natick, nashoba 
praying indian villages (?) established by eliot
ship, along with Mayflower, transported the pilgrims and was the...
sarah doublet
last indian to hold the title to the 500 acre indian reservation of 1714
plymouth rock
traditional site of disembarkation of William Bradford and the Mayflower Pilgrims who...
rhode island 
3rd place to becom a colony ; established by roger williams (with anne hutchinson because they were exiled by the purians of the massachusetts bay colony) 
thomas harriot 
accompanied roanoke expedition 
plymouth was once ______ wiped out town where plymouth was built 
indian tripe led by massasoit.. made alliance with massachusetts bay colony after king philips (also leader of this tribe) war 
bacons rebellion
armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by young Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley. The colony's disorganized frontier...
peter minuit 
He was Director of the Dutch colony of New Netherland from 1626 until 1633, and founded the Swedishcolony of New Sweden in 1638. According...
establishment of this place demontrated puritan emphasis on scholarship (1636) 
john eliot
wanted to minister to masssasoit, translated the bible into alagonquin in the 1650s and established praying towns. (maybe viewed himself too highly) 
Samuel de champlain 
 "The Father ofNew France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He founded New France...
john sassamon
, also known as Wassausmon (in Massachusett), was born...
james I 
KJV bible, gave charter for VA company , king 
laws divine, moral, and martial 
1612 put into effect by sir thomas dale (work camp) 
elizabeth I
last monarch ofthe Tudor dynasty protestant 
merchant adventurers 
merchant who establishes foreign trading stations and carries on business ventures abroad; 
daughter of powhatan, chief of algonquin speaking VA indians . married john rolfe 
anne bradstreet 
e first poet and first female writer in the British North American colonies to be published. Her first volume of poetry was 
benjamin church
 first Surgeon General of the U.S. Army, serving as the "Chief Physician & Director General" of the Medical Service of the Continental...
beaheaded in standish raid (wessagusett massacre) 
thomas weston
1622: 50 new colonists made colony near plymouth called wessagusett. it wasnt faith based; it was envisioned by this guy. he wanted money. colonists came from england--lots of violence 
massachusetts bay company
joint stock company which had a land grant from charles I (city on a hill )

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