History And Systems Of Psychology 357

69 cards

History Of Psychology 357


 
  
Created Dec 9, 2010
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alexav

 

 
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1
Why did Gestalt psychology fail to take in the US?
 
American psychologists viewed gestalt psychology to address mainly perception
2
Why did the gestaltists oppose wundt?
 
Gestalt psychologist rejected wndt's and titchener's attempts to reduce consciousness to its...
3
What does the word gestalt mean?
 
shape or form
4
what is isomorphism?
 
the doctrine that there is a correspondence between psychological or conscious experience and...
5
Who came up with field theory?
 
Lewin's system using the concept of fields of force to explain behavior in terms of one's field...
6
according to kohler, trial and error learning could be remedied how? 
 
insight
7
apparent motion is?
 
illusion of movement
8
what is the zeigarnik effect?
 
the tendency to recall uncompleted tasks more than completed tasks, 
9
which gestaltist, who wasn't jewish, demanded reinstatement of his jewish colleague?
 
Kohler
10
what got wertheimer interested in perception?
 
noticed apparent motion while traveling on a train.
11
what did kohler discover in his work with apes?
 
their ability to devise and use simple tools and build simple structures
12
Who was the father of american psychiatry?
 
Benjamin Rush
13
who was responsible for the iceberg analogy of the consciousness and unconsciousness often...
 
gustav fechner
14
who suggested the concept of monads?
 
gottfried wilhelm leibnitz
15
who is usually credited as being the first to release asylum inmates from their bonds?
 
Phillipe pinel
16
Benjamin Rush advocated which treatments for the insane?
 
tranquilizing to sedating, bloodletting
17
what was the effect of dorothea dix's work?
 
reformed prisons and psychiatric care throughout the eastern US
18
Compare Herbart's conceptualization of ideas with that of James Mill
 
petite perceptions exist below the threshold of consciousness
19
who proposed mathematical formulas to describe and explain the movement of ideas between the...
 
Lewin
20
the psychic approach to mental illness was encouraged in the US by?
 
pierre janet
21
the attitude towards sex in vienna of the victorian era was?
 
found that hysterical women could be cured by talking about their sex lives
22
What was the real story about Anna O?
 
went on to become a well known social worker
23
at the time of freud's death, the dominant form of american psychology was what?
 
behaviorism
24
The primary goal of psychoanalysis as therapy is?
 
lead to what was really significant
25
what was feud's early research about?
 
eel testes, neurophysiology
26
What happened to Freudian psychology in Germany?
 
Freud's book were burned by Nazi's
27
Psychosexual stages of Freud's theory.
 
oral stage: 0-1. stimulation of the mouthanal stage: 1-3. process of eliminationphallic stage:...
28
Catharsis
 
originally a concept of aristotle to treat emotional difficulties
29
How did Freud react to challenges to his theory?
 
changed his theory
30
Freud died as a result of what?
 
physician injected him with morphine
31
What is repression?
 
process of barring unacceptable ideas, memories, or desires from conscious awareness, leaving...
32
which analyst broke with Freud over his claim that women feel inferior to men?
 
Josef Breuer
33
compare and contrast the primary elements of Freud's stage theory with that of Erikson.
 
Freud's stages focus on sexual stimuli/problems
34
What is melanie Klein best known for?
 
description of the two positions infants take towards objects: paranoid-schizoid - projections...
35
How did Anna Freud's system of psychoanalysis differ from her fathers?
 
focused on the egopractical applications of psychoanalytic theoryworked primarily with children
36
What is the central idea of Karen Horney's theory of personality development?
 
parental indifference that causes neurosis
37
for what key term is adler known?
 
birth ordersuperiority complexinferiority complex
38
What is the object relations theory?
 
paranoid schizoid positiondepressive positionobjects play a decisive role in the development...
39
What did the ego psychologists differ with Freud on?
 
proposed theories that did not rely on sexual development
40
What did Anna Frued do her pioneering work on?
 
child analysis
41
What is the collectivist unconscious?
 
deepest level of the psyche containing inherited experiences of human and prehuman species.
42
Alfred Adler and Karen Horney claimed that human behavior is determined by what?
 
unhappy childhood
43
The majority of maslow's research would be characterized as what?
 
self actualization
44
What is a peak experience
 
escstatic states
45
The view that individuals must guide their lives by their own interpretation of events rather...
 
Carl Rogers
46
Roger's clinical experience during the time he was developing his theory was with whom?
 
MaslowOtto Rank
47
The consequence of conditional positive regard is what?
 
child will become a healthy personality, fully functioning person, no repression
48
one of the strongest influences the humanistic systems exerted on psychology was what?
 
consciously and freely change
49
who initiated the positive psychology movement?
 
maslow, rogers
50
differentiate positive psychology from its roots in psychoanalysis and humanistic psychology?
 
no
51
what schools have retained their identity in US psychology from their introduction to the present...
 
BehaviorismFunctionalismPsychoanalysisHumanisticCognitive
52
In Anna Freud's system, what are defense mechanisms?
 
Id, Ego, Superego
53
According to Anna Freud, how does the defense of the ego work?
 
signal anxiety
54
describe eriksons process of development
 
trust v mistrust: 0-18mo.autonomy v doubt and shame: 18mo.-3yrs.initiative v guilt: 3-6yrs.industry...
55
Karen Horney viewed neurosis as what?
 
continuous process, sporadically occurring throughout one's lifetime
56
According to Erich Fromm, many people cannot embrace their freedom becuase?
 
escaping freedom through the use of escape mechanisms was the root of psychological conflicts
57
one thing that psychoanalysis and behaviorism share is what?
 
firmly opposed: definitions and approaches to problems
58
In murray's system, stories or interpretations projecting fantasy imagery onto an objective...
 
T.A.T.
59
Why isn't humanism more mainstream in psychology?
 
private practiceslittle research and few publicationsno graduate training programsill timed...
60
Who is considered the spiritual father of humanistic psychology?
 
Maslow
61
Compare and contrast humanistic psychology with psychoanalytic psychology
 
Humanistic psychology: applied to person's with normal mental health, enhance, not cure.Psychoanalysis:...
62
the basic human motivation in roger's system is?
 
This tendency is present in all organisms and can be defined as the motivation present in every...
63
What is the basic message of humanistic psychology?
 
enhance the self
64
why is humanism sometimes referred to as the third force?
 
third alternative from psychoanalysis and behaviorism
65
What was the occasion of the start of cognitive psychology?
 
renewed focus on consciousness
66
Neisser's definition of cognitive uses what metaphor?
 
The computer metaphor.
67
What old school of psychology infuses modern psychology?
 
Functionalism
68
What is the Turing test?
 
test of a machines ability to demonstrate intelligence
69
What is phenomenological assessment?
 
attempts to quantify introspective reportsincrease objectivity and ability to do statistical...


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