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Side ASide B
exert influence over other people
cause of imperialism
economic, political, religious, moral, cultural, military
-European nations compete for colonies
An economic system based on a free market, open competition, profit motive and private ownership of the means of production. Capitalism encourages private investment and business, compared...
many countries scrambled for the colonies in Africa.
“Sun Never Set”
The citizens of the British empire always worked before the sun rose and until after the sun set.
the relation of a strong state toward a weaker state or territory that it protects and partly controls where local rulers were left in place but were expected to follow advice of European...
Sphere of influence
an area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges
he was an explorer and missionary, he crisscrossed Africa for thirty years and he opposed the slave trade
He is a journalist who found Dr. Livingston after many years and coined the phrase, “Dr. Livingston, I presume?”
lasted from 1899-1902 involved bitter guerilla fighting and the British won in the end, but at great cost.
Angry sepoys rose up against their British officers and it swept across northern and central India. After awhile the Bristish took over and ended it, but it left a bitter and fearful...
Balance of trade
the difference between how much a country imports and how much it exports
exporting more products than the country has imported
buying more from the Chinese than China sold to them.
A war between the Chinese and British soldiers about the importing and exporting of the opium drug.
Treaty Of Nanjing
When the British won they got an indemnity from the Chinese paying for all the damage they did during the war. They also got Hong Kong.
from 1850-1864-one of the most devastating peasant revolts in history. The taiping rebels wanted to end the Qing Dynasty, but after 14 years the government was able to crush the rebellion
between China and Japan and it ended in disaster for China, but Japan got Taiwan.
open door policy
a policy to keep Chinese trade open to everyone on an equal basis
in 1899, a group of Chinese formed a secret society. They were called boxers because they all did martial arts. They wanted to drive out the "foreign devils" that were polluting the...
a passionate spokesman for the Chinese republic, he organized the Revolutionary Alliance to rebuild China on "Three Principles of the people."
The great symbol of british life and her reign was the longest in British history.
the city that the British took over after the opium war and it is now the capitol city of China.
Commander of American ships, he sailed to Tokyo Bay. He carried a letter from Milliard Fillmore that demanded japan to open their ports to diplomatic and commercial exchange.
Meiji Restoration Diet
a diet was formed and made up of one elected house and one appointed by the emperor.
Fisrt Sino-Japanese War
In 1894, competition between China and Japan in Korea led to the war and Japan won easily, surprising China and the West.
Japan's armies defeated Russian troops in Manchuria, and its navy destroyed almost an entire Russian fleet. For the first time in history an Asian power defeated a European power.
Europe, Germany, Russia, France, Austro-Hungary, Italy, and Britain
France, Britain, and Russia
Germany, Italy, and Austro-Hungary
the glorification of the military
Alsace and Lorraine
Freanch lost Alsace and Lorraine in the Franco-Prussian war and wanted to fight for it back.
a policy of supporting neither side in a war
Austria gave Serbia a final set of demands that said Serbia must end all anti-Austrian agitation and punish any Serbian official involved in the murder plot in order to keep out of...
preparing the military for war
Prussia beat the French and took control of ALsace and Lorraine
the place where Archduke Feridnand and his wife were assassinated by Gavrillo Princip who was part of the Black Hand
Britain, Russia, France
Germany, Austro-Hungary, Italy, Turkish Empire
Austria and Germany's target and the ultimatum was given to them
The archduke of Austria and he was assassinated by Gavrillo Princip on June 28, 1914
The secret society that Gavrillo Princip belonged to
Francis Ferdinand's assassin
The Schleiffen Plan
Germany’s military plan to defeat France and Russia, “Knock out blow” aimed at France first, Avoid French defences by invasion of Belgium, Germans thought Britain would not...
The ruler of Germany
a deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other
Germany used large gas-filled balloons to bomb the English coast
group of merchant ships protected by warships
a vital strait connecting the Black Sea and the mediterranean
The soldiers suffered greatly living in the trenches during WW1
a desirable ally who became part of the Central powers (Arabia)
channeling of a nation's entire resources into the war effort.
raw materials needed to make military supplies
off the coast of Ireland, Lusitania was a big shipwreck that killed about 1200 passengers
the spreading of ideas to promote a cause or damage an opposing cause
horrible acts committed against innocent people
a list of Wilson's terms for resolving war and making peace
putting down weapons, ceasing fire
In June 1919 the Alllies ordered the new German Republic to sign the treaty they had drawn up at the Palace of Versailles. The treaty forced Germany to assume full blame for causing...
Big Four Nations
Britain, Italy, France, United States
Big Four people
David Lloyd-George (Britain), Vittorio Orlando(Italy), george Clemenceau (France), Woodrow Wilson (US)
The king of Russia
cooriginator of communism
The hungry, war-worried Russians
using fake money for war reparations
a mass murder in India in 1919
the poeple who worked in unclean areas of India were said to be polluted peopels and were looked down upon and called the untouchables(members of the lowest caste)
to refuse to buy
led a successful and peaceful revolution in India against British rule.
Protest led by Gandhi in India
Jiang Jieshi led the Long March becasue he was determined to destroy the "red bandits" or communists
ruler of communism in China
follwing the communist beliefs of Karl Marx
Japan leader from 1926 to 1989
India's social scale
a mausoleum in India
massive fortifications built by France
the reduction of armed forces and weapons
Italy'sfascist ruler during the war
The ruler of Germany
March on Rome
tens of thousands of fascists swarmed towards the capital and Victor Emmanuel II asked Mussolini to form a government as Prime Minister
any centralized, authoritarian government that is not communist whose policies glorify the state over the individual and are destructive to basic human rights.
a system of brutal labor camps
the belief that there is no god.
the ruler of the Soviet Union during WW1
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
series of campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin in 1936–1938.
making a nationality's culture more ethnically Russian
official name of the Nazi party for its regime in Germany; held power from 1933-1945
Hitler's secret police
laws approved by the nazi Party in 1935, depriving Jews of German citizenship and taking some rights away from them
the night of broken glass when Hitler and his people burned synogaugues and destroyed houses and killed many poeple
a painful time of global economic collapse, starting in 1929 and lasting until about 1939
using fake money for war reparations
British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940
policy of giving in to an aggresor's demands in order to keep the peace
opposition to all war
a series of acts passed by the U.S. Congress from 1935 to 1939 that aimed to keep the U.S. from becoming involved in WW11
group of countries led by Germany, Italy and Japan that fought the Allies in World War II
France, U.S., Britain
a region of western Czechoslovakia
union of Austria and Germany
bound Hitler to stalin to peaceful relations
german air force
British sent boats to the beaches of Dunkirk in order to rescue troops
where the Germans set up a puppet state
one of Hitler's commanders that he sent to North Africa when the british army repulsed invaders
another name for Luftwaffe
when the Nazis massacred some six million Jews
The Soviets were trying to siege Leningrad from the Germans
detention centers for civilians considered enemies of the state
the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group
U.S. president during WWII and part of the Big three
antisocialist and defender of the british empire
December 7, 1941 when japan bombed hawaii to force the U.S. into war
June 6, 1944 when the Allies launched a surprise invasion on Normandy in France
ships that transport aircraft and accommodate the take-off and landing of airplanes
the three leaders agreed that the Soviet Union would enter the war against japan within three months of Germany's surrender
a peace organization that plays a greater role in world affairs than the League of Nations
a state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States on one side and The Soviet union on the other, without armed conflict between the major rivals
rooted in the idea of containment, limiting communism to the areas already under Soviet-control
The U.S. offered a major aid package to Europe
also known as Operation Vittles carried supplies to East germany
North Atlantic Treaty Organization involved the U.S. Canada and ten other countries. they pledged to help one another if any of them were attacked.
The Soviet UNion's military alliance with parts of East Europe
Victory in Europe on May 8, 1945 right after Germany surrendered the day before
victory in Japan on September 2 soon after Hiroshima and Nagosaki on August 6 and 8
nations stronger than other powerful nations
launched a program to build a "Star Wars" missile defense against nuclear attack.
missiles that could shoot down other missiles from hostile countries
relaxation of tensions
Cuban leader who ruled during the Cuban Missile Crisis and organized an armed rebellion against the corrupt dictator who then ruled CUba
The new Soviet leader after STalin and he maintained the communist party, but closed prison camps
policy toward communist countries
Cuban Missile Crisis
confrontation between the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962, during the Cold War
from 1949 to 1963 he was West Germany's chancellor
North Korea's invasion of South Korea brought about a United Nations' "police action" against the aggressors
the dividing line of North and SOuth Korea
United Nations forces stopped North Korean troops from advancing along this line
demilitarized zone- and area with no military forces
Ho Chi Minh
a nationalist and communist who had fought the Japanese
it was divided during the Cold War
small groups of loosely organized soldiers making surprise raids
the view that a communist victory in South vietnam would cause noncommunist governments across Sotheast Asia to fall to coommunism, like a row of dominoes
the National Liberation Front
guerilla forces attacked AMerican and south vietnamese in all cities across the south this marked a turning point in public opinion in the UNited States
a force of Cambodian communist guerillas
led the Khmer Rouge and unleashed a reign of terror
the Soviet's energetic new leader in 1985