History Exam 2010

162 cards

wars and impe rialism﷯


 
  
Created May 25, 2010
by
kmullen

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
imperialism
 
exert influence over other people  
2
cause of imperialism
 
economic, political, religious, moral, cultural, military
3
nationalism
 
-European nations compete for colonies
4
Capitalism
 
An economic system based on a free market, open competition, profit motive and private ownership...
5
Colonies
 
many countries scrambled for the colonies in Africa.
6
“Sun Never Set”
 
The citizens of the British empire always worked before the sun rose and until after the sun...
7
Protectorate
 
the relation of a strong state toward a weaker state or territory that it protects and partly...
8
Sphere of influence
 
an area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges
9
David Livingstone
 
he was an explorer and missionary, he crisscrossed Africa for thirty years and he opposed the...
10
Henry Stanley
 
He is a journalist who found Dr. Livingston after many years and coined the phrase, “Dr....
11
Boer War
 
lasted from 1899-1902 involved bitter guerilla fighting and the British won in the end, but...
12
Sepoy Rebellion
 
Angry sepoys rose up against their British officers and it swept across northern and central...
13
Balance of trade
 
the difference between how much a country imports and how much it exports
14
Trade surplus
 
exporting more products than the country has imported
15
Trade Deficit
 
buying more from the Chinese than China sold to them.
16
Opium War
 
A war between the Chinese and British soldiers about the importing and exporting of the opium...
17
Treaty Of Nanjing
 
When the British won they got an indemnity from the Chinese paying for all the damage they...
18
Taiping Rebellion
 
from 1850-1864-one of the most devastating peasant revolts in history. The taiping rebels wanted...
19
Sina-Japanese War
 
between China and Japan and it ended in disaster for China, but Japan got Taiwan.
20
open door policy
 
a policy to keep Chinese trade open to everyone on an equal basis
21
Boxer rebellion
 
in 1899, a group of Chinese formed a secret society. They were called boxers because they all...
22
Sun Yixian
 
a passionate spokesman for the Chinese republic, he organized the Revolutionary Alliance to...
23
Queen Victoria
 
The great symbol of british life and her reign was the longest in British history.
24
Hong Kong
 
the city that the British took over after the opium war and it is now the capitol city of China.
25
Matthew Perry
 
Commander of American ships, he sailed to Tokyo Bay. He carried a letter from Milliard Fillmore...
26
Meiji Restoration Diet
 
a diet was formed and made up of one elected house and one appointed by the emperor.
27
Fisrt Sino-Japanese War
 
In 1894, competition between China and Japan in Korea led to the war and Japan won easily,...
28
Russo-Japanese War
 
Japan's armies defeated Russian troops in Manchuria, and its navy destroyed almost an entire...
29
Alliances
 
Europe, Germany, Russia, France, Austro-Hungary, Italy, and Britain
30
Triple Entente
 
France, Britain, and Russia
31
Triple Alliance
 
Germany, Italy, and Austro-Hungary
32
Militarism
 
the glorification of the military
33
Alsace and Lorraine
 
Freanch lost Alsace and Lorraine in the Franco-Prussian war and wanted to fight for it back.
34
Neutrality
 
a policy of supporting neither side in a war
35
ultimatum
 
Austria gave Serbia a final set of demands that said Serbia must end all anti-Austrian agitation...
36
mobilization
 
preparing the military for war
37
France-Prussian War
 
Prussia beat the French and took control of ALsace and Lorraine
38
Sarajevo
 
the place where Archduke Feridnand and his wife were assassinated by Gavrillo Princip who was...
39
Allies
 
Britain, Russia, France
40
Central Powers
 
Germany, Austro-Hungary, Italy, Turkish Empire
41
Serbia
 
Austria and Germany's target and the ultimatum was given to them
42
Francis Ferdinand
 
The archduke of Austria and he was assassinated by Gavrillo Princip on June 28, 1914
43
Black hand
 
The secret society that Gavrillo Princip belonged to
44
Gavrillo Princip
 
Francis Ferdinand's assassin
45
The Schleiffen Plan
 
Germany’s military plan to defeat France and Russia, “Knock out blow” aimed at France...
46
Kaiser Wilhelm
 
The ruler of Germany
47
stalemate
 
a deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other
48
Zeppelin
 
Germany used large gas-filled balloons to bomb the English coast
49
U-boat
 
German submarine
50
Convoy
 
group of merchant ships protected by warships
51
dardanelles
 
a vital strait connecting the Black Sea and the mediterranean
52
Trench warfare
 
The soldiers suffered greatly living in the trenches during WW1
53
Ottoman Turks
 
a desirable ally who became part of the Central powers (Arabia)
54
Total war
 
channeling of a nation's entire resources into the war effort.
55
Conscription
 
"The Draft"
56
Contraband
 
raw materials needed to make military supplies
57
Lusitania
 
off the coast of Ireland, Lusitania was a big shipwreck that killed about 1200 passengers
58
propaganda
 
the spreading of ideas to promote a cause or damage an opposing cause
59
atrocity
 
horrible acts committed against innocent people
60
Fourteen Points
 
a list of Wilson's terms for resolving war and making peace
61
Armistice
 
putting down weapons, ceasing fire
62
Versailles Treaty
 
In June 1919 the Alllies ordered the new German Republic to sign the treaty they had drawn...
63
Big Four Nations
 
Britain, Italy, France, United States
64
Big Four people
 
David Lloyd-George (Britain), Vittorio Orlando(Italy), george Clemenceau (France), Woodrow...
65
Poppy flower
 
contains opium
66
Tsar
 
The king of Russia
67
Karl Marx
 
cooriginator of communism
68
Lenin
 
followed Marxism
69
Bolsheviks
 
The hungry, war-worried Russians
70
inflation
 
using fake money for war reparations
71
Amritsar massacre
 
a mass murder in India in 1919
72
untouchables
 
the poeple who worked in unclean areas of India were said to be polluted peopels and were...
73
boycott
 
to refuse to buy
74
Gandhi
 
led a successful and peaceful revolution in India against British rule.
75
salt March
 
Protest led by Gandhi in India
76
Long March
 
Jiang Jieshi led the Long March becasue he was determined to destroy the "red bandits" or communists
77
Mao Zedong
 
ruler of communism in China
78
Marxism
 
follwing the communist beliefs of Karl Marx
79
Hirohito
 
Japan leader from 1926 to 1989
80
Caste System
 
India's social scale
81
Taj Mahal
 
a mausoleum in India
82
maginot Line
 
massive fortifications built by France
83
disarmament
 
the reduction of armed forces and weapons
84
Mussolini
 
Italy'sfascist  ruler during the war
85
IL Dulce
 
Mussolin's nickname
86
Hitler
 
The ruler of Germany
87
Furher
 
Hitler's nickname
88
Black shirts
 
Mussolini's army
89
Brown shirts
 
Hitler's army
90
March on Rome
 
tens of thousands of fascists swarmed towards the capital and Victor Emmanuel II asked Mussolini...
91
Fascism
 
any centralized, authoritarian government that is not communist whose policies glorify the...
92
Gulag
 
a system of brutal labor camps
93
Atheism
 
the belief that there is no god.
94
Stalin
 
the ruler of the Soviet Union during WW1
95
USSR
 
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
96
Great Purge
 
 series of campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated...
97
Russification
 
making a nationality's culture more ethnically Russian
98
chancellor
 
Germany's ruler
99
Third Reich
 
official name of the Nazi party for its regime in Germany; held power from 1933-1945
100
Gestapo
 
Hitler's secret police
101
Nuremburg trials
 
laws approved by the nazi Party in 1935, depriving Jews of German citizenship and taking some...
102
Kristallnacht
 
the night of broken glass when Hitler and his people burned synogaugues and destroyed houses...
103
Great Depression
 
a painful time of global economic collapse, starting in 1929 and lasting until about 1939
104
Hyperinflation
 
using fake money for war reparations
105
Neville Chamberlain
 
 British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from...
106
Appeasement
 
policy of giving in to an aggresor's demands in order to keep the peace
107
pacifism
 
opposition to all war
108
Neautrality acts
 
a series of acts passed by the U.S. Congress from 1935 to 1939 that aimed to keep the U.S....
109
Axis powers
 
group of countries led by Germany, Italy and Japan that fought the Allies in World War II
110
Allied POwers
 
France, U.S., Britain 
111
Sudetenland
 
a region of western Czechoslovakia
112
Anschlus
 
union of Austria and Germany
113
Nazi-Soviet Pact
 
bound Hitler to stalin to peaceful relations
114
Blitzkrieg
 
"lightning war"
115
Luftwaffe
 
german air force
116
Dunkirk
 
British sent boats to the beaches of Dunkirk in order to rescue troops
117
Vichy
 
where the Germans set up a puppet state
118
Gneral Rommel
 
one of Hitler's commanders that he sent to North Africa when the british army repulsed invaders
119
Blitz
 
another name for Luftwaffe
120
Holocaust
 
when the Nazis massacred some six million Jews
121
Leningrad
 
The Soviets were trying to siege Leningrad from the Germans
122
concentration camps
 
detention centers for civilians considered enemies of the state
123
Genocide
 
the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious,...
124
President Roosevelt
 
U.S. president during WWII and part of the Big three
125
Winston Churchill
 
antisocialist and defender of the british empire
126
Pearl Harbor
 
December 7, 1941 when japan bombed hawaii to force the U.S. into war
127
D-Day
 
June 6, 1944 when the Allies launched a surprise invasion on Normandy in France
128
Aircraft carriers
 
ships that transport aircraft and accommodate the take-off and landing of airplanes
129
Yalta Conference
 
the three leaders agreed that the Soviet Union would enter the war against japan within three...
130
United Nations
 
 a peace organization that plays a greater role in world affairs than the League of Nations
131
Cold War
 
a state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States on one side...
132
truman Doctrine
 
rooted in the idea of containment, limiting communism to the areas already under Soviet-control
133
Marshall Plan
 
The U.S. offered a major aid package to Europe
134
Berlin Airlift
 
also known as Operation Vittles carried supplies to East germany
135
NATO
 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization involved the U.S. Canada and ten other countries. they pledged...
136
Warsaw Pact
 
The Soviet UNion's military alliance with parts of East Europe
137
VE Day
 
Victory in Europe on May 8, 1945 right after Germany surrendered the day before
138
VJ Day
 
victory in Japan on September 2 soon after Hiroshima and Nagosaki on August 6 and 8
139
Superpowers
 
nations stronger than other powerful nations
140
President reagan
 
launched a program to build a "Star Wars" missile defense against nuclear attack.
141
ABM missiles
 
missiles that could shoot down other missiles from hostile countries
142
Detente
 
relaxation of tensions
143
Fidel castro
 
Cuban leader who ruled during the Cuban Missile Crisis and organized an armed rebellion against...
144
Nikita Khrushchev
 
The new Soviet leader after STalin and he maintained the communist party, but closed prison...
145
Leonid Brezhnev
 
Khrshchev's successor
146
containment
 
policy toward communist countries
147
Cuban Missile Crisis
 
confrontation between the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962, during...
148
Konrad Adenauer
 
from 1949 to 1963 he was West Germany's chancellor
149
Korean War
 
North Korea's invasion of South Korea brought about a United Nations' "police action" against...
150
38th parallel
 
the dividing line of North and SOuth Korea
151
Pusan Perimeter
 
United Nations forces stopped North Korean troops from advancing along this line
152
DMZ
 
demilitarized zone- and area with no military forces
153
Ho Chi Minh
 
a nationalist and communist who had fought the Japanese
154
Vietnam
 
it was divided during the Cold War
155
guerrillas
 
small groups of loosely organized soldiers making surprise raids
156
Domino theory
 
the view that a communist victory in South vietnam would cause noncommunist governments across...
157
Viet Cong
 
the National Liberation Front
158
Tet Offensive
 
guerilla forces attacked AMerican and south vietnamese in all cities across the south this...
159
Khmer Rouge
 
a force of Cambodian communist guerillas
160
Pol Pot
 
led the Khmer Rouge and unleashed a reign of terror
161
Gorbachev
 
the Soviet's energetic new leader in 1985
162
glasnost
 
openness

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