Flashcard Set Preview
Side ASide B
What did the moving assembly line emphasize?
uniformity, speed, precision, and coordination
What happened to the price of the Model T in the 1920s?
decreased (from $950 to $290)
What happened to the American standard of living by the 1920s? What was the cause?
increased and became highest in the world. technology.
What happened to production per worker hour by the 1920s?
increased amazing 75%
What industry became the nation's largest in the 20s?
What other industries did the automobile industry help?
steel, rubber, paint, glass
What other industries did well in the 20s?
electrical, radio, film, corporations, advertising
What industries did poorly during the 20s?
railroads, coal, cotton textiles
What sector of the economy was hit hardest of all during the 20s?
According to your textbook, what contributed to economic instability during the 20s?
Unequal distribution of wealth, growth of consumer debt, saturation of the market for cars...
What happened to cities during the 20's?
grew rapidly (seeking jobs in new consumer industries)
What was life like for women during the 20s?
won the right to vote, feminist movements for humanitarian reform, equal rights, individual...
What was the Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921?
provided federal aid to establish state programs for maternal and infant health care
How did young women rebel during the 20s?
flappers.short hair, skirts above knee, binding breastsset out to compete on equal terms with...
What were some fo the most distinct features of the "roaring twenties?"
sports, prohibition, bootleggers, speakeasies, bathtub gin, crime - organized (shoot-outs)...
What flourished during the "Harlem Renaissance?" Cite examples.
art, music, poetry.plays and concerts, floor shows at Happy Rhones's nightclub, rent parties...
What was the "Red Scare?"
intense outbreak of national alarm concerning the spread of communism
How did Americans react to the supposed growing threat of communism?
frightened them, work strikes and bombs. federal agents seized suspected anarchists and...
How did the Red Scare end?
extremism of the Red Scare led to its rapid demise. Attorney General Mitchell Palmer warned...
Who was Sacco and Vanzetti and what happened to them?
Italian aliens in Mass. arrested for payroll robbery and murder. condemned for their ideas...
What was the Volstead Act?
implemented prohibition, banned most commercial production and distribution of beverages. (except...
How did Prohibition damage American society?
breeding a profound disrespect for the law. bootleggers. police openly tolerated, judges and...
Who founded the modern Ku Klux Klan and what did its members seek? Who did they hate?
Col William J. Simmons. seeking to relieve their anxiety over a changing society. hated blacks,...
What was much of the tension in society attributed to, according to the Klan?
prewar flood of immigrants, foreigners who spoke different languages, worshiped in strange...
What state legislatures did they control?
Texas, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Indiana
What violent activities were the Klan involved in?
kidnapping, lynching, setting fire to synagogues and Catholic churches (one case murdering...
Why did the Klan decline?
misuse of funds and sexual scandals among Klan leaders, notably in Indiana, repelled many of...
What was the National Origins Quota Act?
limited immigration from Europe to 150,000 a year; most slots to Great Britain, Ireland, Germany,...
Who were the major players in the Scopes "monkey" trial?
William Jennings Bryan (crusade against theory of evolution) and John Scopes (high school teacher...
What did President Calvin Coolidge believe his duty was?
preside benignly, not govern the nation
How did Herbert Hoover view the relationship between business and government?
sought cooperation. saw them as partners, working together to achieve efficiency and affluence...