histology - cartilage + bone

50 cards

direct from lecture slides.


 
  
Created Dec 12, 2009
by
ejberg

 

 
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1

Cartilage

 

Connective tissue w/rigid extracellular...

2

From where does cartilage develop?

 

Mesenchyme

3

Cartilage development/growth

 

Develops from mesenchyme

4
Perichondrium
 

Sheath of dense irregular connective...

5

Interstitial growth

 

Mitotic division of existing chondrocytes...

6

Appositional growth

 

Differentiation of new chondrocytes...

7

Name the 3 forms of cartilage

 

Hyaline

8

Hyaline (glass) cartilage

 

Most common

9

Hyaline cartilage matrix

 

Amorphous ground substance with...

10

Hyaline cartilage chondrocytes

 

Chondrocytes occupy small cavities...

11
name the two kinds of bone growth
 
intramembranous ossification
endochondrial ossification
12

Lacunae

 

Small cavities in cartilage/bone...

13

Isogenous group / cell nests

 

Deeper round chondrocytes grouped...

14

Elastic cartilage

 

Support w/flexibility

15

Fibrocartilage

 

Tough support + tensile strength

16

Trabecular / cancellous /spongy...

 

Slender irregular bars and sheets...

17

Compact bone

 

No spaces or hollow space visible...

18

Haversian canals

 

Individual lamellae form concentric...

19

Osteon

 

Haversian canals and surrounding...

20

Volkmann’s (perforating) canals

 

From peristeal surfaces, Haversian...

21

Interstitial lamellae

 

Remnants of Haversian systems that...

22

Name the 2 lamella which run parallel...

 

23

Formation of compact bone

 

Osteoblasts produce lamellae of...

24

Intramembranous ossification

 

type of BONE GROWTH

25

Endochondral ossification

 

type of BONE GROWTH

26

epiphyseal plate

 

between the diaphysis and the epiphyses...

27

periosteal collar

 

consists of a thin sheet of woven...

28

Decalcification of bone – tissue...

 

Cellular and organic components...

29

Ground bone – tissue preparation

 

Grining thin piece of bone with...

30

Periosteum

 

Layer of dense connective tissue

31

Endosteum

 

Thin layer of cell-rich connective...

32

Osteoprogenitor cells

 

Stem cells of bone

33

What components are responsible...

 

Cells (osteocytes) and intercellular...

34

Lamellar structure

 

Bone matrix organized in layers

35

Lacunae

 

Cavities which contain cells

36

Canaliculi

 
Radiating from each lacuna, narrow channels that penetrate adjacent lamellae
37

Osteoblasts

 

Associated with bone formation

38

Collagen fibers

 

Within lamellae

39

Osteocytes

 

Small inactive cells

40

Osteoclasts

 

Bone-restoring cells

41

Howship’s lacuna

 

small hollow excavation in matrix

42

list the zones of cartilage at the...

 

reserve cartilage

43

reserve cartilage

 

Farthest away from the zone of ossification

44

zone of chondrocyte proliferation

 

longitudinal columns of mitotically...

45

zone of cartilage maturation and...

 

cells and lacunae grow in size

46

zone of cartilage calcification

 

forms border between cartilage and...

47

zone of retrogression

 

cartilage cells die

48

zone of ossification

 

osteoblasts differentiate from cells...

49

zone of resorption

 

marrow cavities increase in size

50

bone remodeling

 

osteoclasts “drill” circular...

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