Grape Varietal Characteristics-- Wine Spectator

Descriptions Of Wine Varietals From Www.winespectator.com.
  
Created Feb 2, 2011
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writr16
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BARBERA (Red) [bar-BEHR-uh]
1. Most successful in Italy's Piedmont region 2. Makes such wines as Barbera d'Asti, Barbera...
BRUNELLO (Red) [broo-NEHL-oh]
This strain of Sangiovese is the only grape permitted for Brunello di Montalcino, the rare,...
CABERNET FRANC (Red) [cab-er-NAY FRANK]
Increasingly popular as both stand-alone varietal and blending grape, Cabernet Franc is used...
CABERNET SAUVIGNON (Red) [cab-er-NAY SO-vin-yon]
1. While it grows well in many appellations, in specific appellations it is capable of...
CARIGNAN (Red) [karin-YAN]
Also known as Carignane (California), Cirnano (Italy). Once a major blending grape for jug...
CARMENERE (Red) [car-men-YEHR]
Also known as Grande Vidure, this grape was once widely planted in Bordeaux, but is now associated...
CHARBONO (Red) [SHAR-bono]
Found mainly in California (and possibly actually Dolcetto), this grape has dwindled in acreage....
CHARDONNAY (White) [shar-dun-NAY]
As Cabernet Sauvignon is the king of reds, so is Chardonnay the king of white wines, for it...
CHENIN BLANC (White) [SHEN'N BLAHNK]
This native of the Loire valley has two personalities: at home it's the basis of such famous,...
DOLCETTO (Red) [dole-CHET-to]
Almost exclusive to northwest Piedmont, this produces soft, round, fruity wines fragrant with...
FUMÉ BLANC (White) [FOO-may BLAHNK
see Sauvignon BlancGAMAY (Red) [ga-MAY]
GAMAY (Red) [ga-MAY]
Beaujolais makes its famous, fruity reds exclusively from one of the many Gamays available,...
GEWüRZTRAMINER (White) [geh-VERTS-trah-mee-ner]
Gewürztraminer can yield magnificent wines, as is best demonstrated in Alsace, France, where...
GRENACHE (Red) [greh-NAHSH]
Drought- and heat-resistant, it yields a fruity, spicy, medium-bodied wine with supple tannins....
GRüNER VELTLINER (White) [GROO-ner VELT-linner]
The most widely planted grape in Austria, it can be found to a lesser extent in some other...
MALBEC (Red) [MAHL-beck]
Once important in Bordeaux and the Loire in various blends, this not-very-hardy grape...
MARSANNE (White) [mahr-SANN]
Popular in the Rhône (along with Grenache Blanc, Roussanne and Viognier). Australia, especially...
MERLOT (Red) [mur-LO]
Merlot is the red-wine success of the 1990s: its popularity has soared along with its acreage,...
MOURVEDRE (Red) [more-VAY-druh]
As long as the weather is warm, Mourvèdre likes a wide variety of soils. It's popular across...
MUSCAT (White) [MUSS-kat]
Known as Muscat, Muscat Blanc and Muscat Canelli, it is marked by strong spice and floral notes...
NEBBIOLO (Red) [NEH-bee-oh-low]
The great grape of Northern Italy, which excels there in Barolo and Barbaresco, strong, ageable...
PETITE SIRAH (Red) [peh-TEET sih-RAH]
Known for its dark hue and firm tannins, Petite Sirah has often been used as a blending wine...
PINOT BLANC (White) [PEE-no BLAHNK]
Often referred to as a poor man's Chardonnay because of its similar flavor and texture profile,...
PINOT GRIS or PINOT GRIGIO (White) [PEE-no GREE or GREE-zho]
Known as Pinot Grigio in Italy, where it is mainly found in the northeast,...
PINOT NOIR (Red) [PEE-no NWA]
Pinot Noir, the great grape of Burgundy, is a touchy variety. The best examples offer the classic...
RIESLING (White) [REES-ling]
One of the world's greatest white wine grapes, the Riesling vine's hardy wood makes it extremely...
SANGIOVESE (Red) [san-geeo-VEHS-eh]
Sangiovese is best known for providing the backbone for many superb Italian red wines from...
SAUVIGNON BLANC (White) [SO-vin-yon BLAHNK]
Another white with a notable aroma, this one "grassy" or "musky." The pure varietal is found...
SÉMILLON (White) [SEM-ih-yon]
On its own or in a blend, this white can age. With Sauvignon Blanc, its traditional partner,...
SYRAH or SHIRAZ (Red) [sih-RAH or shih-RAHZ]
Hermitage and Côte-Rôtie in France, Penfolds Grange in Australia—the epitome of Syrah is...
TEMPRANILLO (Red) [temp-rah-NEE-yo]
Spain's major contribution to red wine, Tempranillo is indigenous to the country and is rarely...
TREBBIANO or UGNI BLANC (White) [treh-bee-AH-no or OO-nee...
This is Trebbiano in Italy andUgni Blancin France. It is tremendously prolific;...
VIOGNIER (White) [vee-oh-NYAY]
Viognier, the rare white grape of France's Rhône Valley, is one of the most difficult grapes...
ZINFANDEL (Red) [ZIHN-fan-dell]
The origins of this tremendously versatile and popular grape are not known for certain, although...

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