Government 2305

Government 2305 Chapter 1
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Globalization
 
are we a global world? yes

-increasing interdependent of citizens and nations
Government
 
FORCE

-ligit use of force
Governments oldest objective
 
maintain order=rules
Thomas Hobbes
 
he supports a strong central gov
Thomas Hobbes: live with out govt
 
Solitary, poor, etc. NEGATIVE

life would be short
Survival of the fittest
John Locke
 
Two Treatises on Government

influences Thomas Jefferson in writing Declaration of Independence
Locke: life, liberty, property
 
Goverment objective is to protect life liberty and property but they replaced property with the pursuite of happiness
Karl Max/state
 
German, all land and prodution will be owned by the state not the individual
Public goods
 
Benefits and survices that benefit the people.
pay through taxes
government owned
Major objective of todays government
 
is pormoting EQUALITY
Resdistribuing wealth
 
taking wealth from citizens and spreding it out to the poor and through taxes
One person One vote
 
all votes are the same not matter what
Equality of opportunity
 
may the best person win
man or woman

equality of outcome
 
you already know the outcome
outcome is predetermined
"original dilemma"
 
balance between freedom and order
"modern dilemma"
 
alance between freedom and equalityq
capitalism
 
privately owen
less government
USA is a capitalistic nation
Laissez-faire
 
government has a hands off attitude

survival of the fittest
libertarianism
 
oppose all government
little taxes
minimum passive government

Anarchism
 
no government
aka anarcky
no controll
liberal
 
foster equality
government needs to be active in supporting equality


conservatives
 
rather have freedom over equality
democracy
 
angent
Demo=common people
political equality
 
all votes count equally
direct democracy/modern societies
 
we have moved away from direct demcorcy
indirect democracy/repsentative democracy
 
we live in a indirect democracy aka republic
minority rights
 
basic rights are given and minority rights are protected
pluralist model
 
organized groups and more than one
elite theory
 
groups are small and based on controll of wealth
us is controlled by they elite and is a oligarchy nation
 
lakfjag
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