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Side ASide B
foreign portfolio investment
investment in a portfolio of foreign securities such as stocks and bonds
management control rights
the rights to appoint key managers and establish control mechanisms
a type of FDI in which a firm duplicates its home country based activities at the same value...
a type of FDI in which a firm moves upstream or downstream at different value chain stages...
Upstream vertical FDI
a type of vertical FDI in which a firm engages in an upstream stage of the value chain in a...
Downstream vertical FDI
a type of vetical FDI in which a firm engages in a downstream stage of the value chain in a...
The amount of FDI moving in a given period (usually a year) in a certain direction
Inbound FDI moving into a country in a year
Outbound FDI moving out of a country in a year
Total accumulation of inbound FDI in a country or outbound FDI from a country across a given...
a firm's quest for ownership (O) advantages, location (L) advantages, and internalization...
an MNE's possession and leveraging of certain valuable, rare, hard-to-imitate, and organizationally...
advantages enjoyed by firms operating in a certain location
the replacement of cross-border markets (such as exporting and importing) with one firm (the...
market imperfection (market failure)
the imperfect rules governing international transactions
the risk associated with unauthorized diffusion of firm-specfic know-how
clustering of ecnomic activities in certain locations
knowledge diffused from one firm to others among closely located firms
industry dominated by a small number of players
international transactions between two subsidaries in two countries controled by the same MNE
radical view on FDI
a political view that is hostile to FDI
free market view on FDI
a political view that suggests that FDI unrestricted by government intervention is the best
pragmatic nationalism on FDI
a political view that only approves FDI when its benfits outweigh its cost
technology diffused from foreign firms to domestic firms
domenstration (contagion or imitation) effect
the reaction of local firms to rise to the challenge demonstrated by MNEs through learning...
ability to extract favorable outcome from negotiations due to one party's strengths
the deal struck by MNEs and host governments, which change their requirements after the initial...
government's confiscation of foreign assets
cost that a firm has to endure even when its investment turns out to be unsatisfactory
sovereign wealth fund (SWF)
a state-owned investment fund composed of financial assets such as stocks, bonds, real estate,...