Forensic Psychology Court Cases

44 cards

key court cases in forensic psychology


 
  
Created Feb 8, 2011
by
c.burke09

 

 
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1
Albert Von Schrenck-Notzing
 
the first expert eye witness in 1896 to provide testimony in court on the effect of pretrial...
2
Julian Varendonck
 
1911 called to be an expert eye witness in case involving the murder of a young girl Cecile
 Testified...
3
State vs. Driver
 
first court case in US, in 1921, where expert testimony was used. court rejected testimony
(case...
4
Brown vs. board of education
 
the case challenged the segregation of public schools. psychologists submitted a court brief...
5
Jenkins vs. United States
 
nJenkins v. United States (1962): ¨  Case dealt with whether   psychologists should...
6
R. vs Hubbert 1975
 
limitations can be imposed on the press in terms of what they can report before the start of...
7
R. vs. Sophonow 1986
 
the manitoba court of appeal overturns the murder conviction due to errors in law specifically...
8
R. vs Lavallee 1990
 
SCC sets guidlines for when and how expert eyewitness can and should be used in cases involving...
9
Wenden v. Trikha
 
the alberta court rules that mental health professionals have a duty to warn a third party...
10
R. vs Swain
 
the SCC makes a ruling that results in changes to the insanity ,defence standard in Canada,...
11
R. vs Levogiannis 1993
 
the SCC rules that children are allowed to testify in court behind screens that prevent them...
12
R. vs Mohan
 
1994. the SCC establishes formal critera for determining when expert testimony should be admitted...
13
R. vs Williams 1998
 
the SCC formally acknowledges that jurors can be biased by numerious sources ranging from community...
14
R. vs. Gladue 1999
 
the SCC rules that prison sentences are being relied on too often by judges as a way of dealing...
15
R. vs Oickle 2000
 
 the SC rules that police interrogation techniques which consists of various forms of...
16
Frye vs United States
 
court rejected the results of a polygraph test whcih he hadpassed. on appeal court also rejected...
17
Daubert vs Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals inc
 
created daubert criteria. scientific evidence must
1) be provided by a qualified expert
2)...
18
Kumho Tire company vs Carmichael 1999
 
US SC ruled that the Daubert critera apply to all expert testimony not just scientific testimony
19
R. vs Mohan
 
Mohan criteria
1. evidence must be relevent
2.necessary for assisting the trier of fact-...
20
r. vs. McIntosh and McCarthy 1997
 
judge decided that testimony relating to the accuracy of eyewitness testimony was common knowledge...
21
us vs. Scheffer 1998
 
US SCrejected the admissibility of the polygraph because of the belief that polygraph evidence...
22
R. vs. Beland 1987
 
candian SCC ruled that polygraph evidence should not be admitted. falsly imbued with the mystique...
23
State v Harrington 2003
 
innocent man passes P300 brain potentials to crime relevent details
24
Foto v Jones 1974
 
judge stated that plaintiff was not a credible witness becuase he was a foreigner. the court...
25
Neil v Biggers
 
confidence of a witness should be taken as an indicator of accuracy
26
r vs. Nepoose 1991
 
defendent was aboriginal. jury composition for her trial was successfully challenged for having...
27
R. vs Brown
 
racial bias in juries. aboriginal girl raped by two white men. all white jury. re trial still...
28
R vs Budai, Gill, Kim & Gill Guess
 
Guess was on the Jury for Gills murder trial. formed a sexual relationship. charged with obstruction...
29
r. vs Mcleod
 
questions about racism towards jamacan men was allowed to be asked to prospective jurors
30
R vs Morgentaler
 
the Morgentaler Amendment
jury verdict could no longer be overturned on appeal
example...
31
R vs. Latimer
 
Robert , Tracys father killed his daughter suffering from Cerebral palsy
example of jury...
32
r vs. Andrade 1985
 
number of disadvantages to juror note taking were identified
jurors who take notes may...
33
r. vs. Seaboyer
 
only if a womens sexual history was deemed relevent would the judge allow it to be heard by...
34
r. vs. Darrach 2000
 
the SC noted that the onus is on the defendent to demonstrate that the accusers sexual history...
35
r vs. Balliram 2003
 
concluded that an unfit person could not be sentenced
36
r vs Prichard 1836
 
3 criteria for unfit
- whether the defendent is mute of malice (intentionality)
- ...
37
r vs Taylor 1992
 
a defendent need only be able to state the facts relating to the offence that would allow an...
38
jackson vs Indiana 1972
 
a defendent should not be held for more than a reasonable period of time to determine whether...
39
r vs Demers 2004
 
SCC ruled that the inability of the courts or review boards to issue an absolute dishcharge...
40
r vs McNaughton 1843
 
insanity defense
1. a defentent must be found to be suffering from a defect of reason/disease...
41
Winko vs british columbia
 
a defendent who is NCRMD should only be detained if he or she poses a criminal threat to the...
42
r vs Parks
 
automatism
aquitted on both charges bc his sleepwalking was a form of automatism
43
r vs stone
 
SCC states that there were two forms of automatism, noninsane and insane
two stage process...
44
r vs Daviault 1994
 
the court appeal stated that the self induced intoxication resulting in a state similar to...


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