Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism 8

Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism 8 Afdsg
  
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Fauvism and Expressionism (1900–1935)
 
Characteristics
Harsh colors and flat surfaces (Fauvism); emotion distorting form Artists
Matisse, Kirchner, Kandinsky, Marc Historically
Boxer Rebellion in China (1900); World War (1914–1918)
Cubism, Futurism, Supremativism, Constructivism, De Stijl (1905–1920)
 
Characteristics
Pre– and Post–World War 1 art experiments: new forms to express modern life Artists:
Picasso, Braque, Leger, Boccioni, Severini, Malevich Historically:
Russian Revolution (1917); American women franchised (1920)
Matisse,
 

known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century,
Kirchner,
 

was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th century art. He volunteered for army service in the First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. In 1933, his work was branded as "degenerate" by the Nazis and in 1937 over 600 of his works were sold or destroyed. In 1938 he committed suicide.
Kandinsky,
 

was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting the first purely-abstract works.
Franz Marc
 

was a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of the German Expressionist movement. He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), a journal whose name later became synonymous with the circle of artists collaborating in it.
Picasso,
 

He is widely known for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore.
Braque,
 

was a major 20th century French painter and sculptor who, along with Pablo Picasso, developed the art style known as Cubism.
Fernand Leger,
 

was a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. In his early works he created a personal form of Cubism which he gradually modified into a more figurative, populist style. His boldly simplified treatment of modern subject matter has caused him to be regarded as a forerunner of Pop Art.
Boccioni,
 

was an Italian painter and sculptor. Like other Futurists, his work centered on the portrayal of movement (dynamism), speed, and technology. He was born in Reggio Calabria, Italy.
Severini,
 

was an Italian painter and a leading member of the Futurist movement. For much of his life he divided his time between Paris and Rome. He was associated with neo-classicism and the "return to order" in the decade after the First World War. During his career he worked in a variety of media, including mosaic and fresco.
Malevich
 

Russian painter and art theoretician, born of ethnic Polish parents. He was a pioneer of geometric abstract art and the originator of the Avant-garde Suprematist movement.

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