Famous People In Psychology

Descriptions Of Famous People In Psychology And What They Are Most Known For Or Associated With. 
 
Created Oct 7, 2009
by msanta02
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Wilhelm Wundt
Founder of scientific psychologyFounded first formal labStudied consciousness using introspection...
William James 
"Father of psychology"Wrote Principles of Psychology James-Lange theory of emotion says...
John Dewey
One of the founders of School of Functionalism and philosophy of pragmatism Carr, Mead,...
John Watson
Established School of Behaviorism - analysis of behavior and reactions is the only objective...
B.F. Skinner
Part of the Behaviorist SchoolKnown for experiments in operant conditioningInvented the operant...
Sigmund Freud 
"Father of psychoanalysis"Psychoanalysis - concerned with how unconscious instincts, conflicts,...
Josef Breuer
Helped lay foundation for psychoanalysisWorked with Freud
Carl Jung
Founder of analytical psychologyCollective unconsciousArchetypesAnima and animus 
Alfred Adler
Founder of the school of Individual PsychologyMost famous concept = inferiority complex and...
Karen Horney 
Classified as Neo-Freudian Detailed theory of neurosis: a continuous process with neuroses...
Heinz Kohut
Psychoanalyst known for development of Self Psychology Tripartite (three-part) self can...
Carl Rogers
Among the founders of the humanist approach Person-centered or client-centered therapyPerceptual...
Abraham Maslow
Founder of the Humanistic approachConceptualized the "hierarchy of human needs"  ...
Joseph Wolpe
Developed systematic desensitization 
Dollard, Doob and Miller
Social learning theorists who proposed the frustration-aggression hypothesis
Wolfgang Kohler
Spent several years studying the problem-solving abilities of chimps and observed that animals...
Hans Selye
A noted stress researcher; identified the General Adaptation Syndrome (alarm, resistance, exhaustion)
Cannon-Bard 
Developed theory of emotion that says emotions originate in the subcortical brain structures...
Schacter-Singer
Developed theory of emotion that says people determine the emotion from their physiological...
Yerkes-Dodson
Developed a relationship between arousal and performance (illustrated by a bell-shaped curve)....
David McClelland
Noted for work on achievement motivation and consciousness. Achievement motive found to be...
Konrad Lorenz
One of the founders of modern ethology. Studied instinctive behavior in animals (fixed action...
Noam Chomsky
Developed theory of generative grammar whose properties arise from an innate universal grammar. 
Edward Tolman
Developed a motivation theory known as the expectancy-value theory which states Performance...
William McDougall
Developed the idea that each instinct is receptive to certain stimuli and that the receptivity...
Clark Hull
Sought to explain learning and motivation by scientific laws of behavior. Also known for his...
Leon Festinger 
Developed the theory of cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory. Cognitive dissonance...
Gordon Allport 
One of the founding figures of personality psychology. Emphasized the uniqueness of each individual...
Hermann Ebbinghaus
Pioneered the experimental study of memory, and his known for his discovery of the forgetting...
Ivan Pavlov 
Described the phenomenon of classical conditioning (conditioned reflex)
Jean Piaget 
Developed a theory of cognitive development which consisted of four stages: Sensorimotor (circular...
Erik Erikson
Developed a psycho-social theory. Stages: trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame/doubt, initiative...
Lawrence Kohlberg
Moral development theory: Pre-conventional (obedience & punishment orientation and self...
Edward Thorndike 
His work on animal behavior and learning led to the theory of connectionism. Formulated the...
Young-Helmholtz
Theory of trichromatic color vision. 
Kurt Koffka, Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler 
Gestalt theorists 
Ernst Heinrich Weber
Saw that the relationship between stimulus and perception is logarithmic P=k ln S
Premack
Premack's principle = high probability behavior paired with low probability behavior results...
Albert Bandura 
Most famous for his social learning theory (observe and then imitate behavior) Bobo doll experiment....
Wolfe
Token economy with monkeys. Secondary reinforcers become primary reinforcers
Martin Seligman
Studied learned helplessness in dogs
Atkinson-Shiffrin
Developed three part memory model - Sensory, Short-Term and Long-Term
Gordon Bower
Looked at how context affects memory - Mood Congruent Memory
Benjamin Whorf
Known for his theories in linguistic relativity. Believed that language affects the way we...
Donald Broadbent 
Developed a Memory filter theory - thought process can be modeled in series of sequential stages...
William Sheldon 
Somatotype Theory - Assigned people into three categories of body types: endomorphs, mesomophs...
Julian Rotter 
Social learning theory and locus of control = individual's belief about how much they control...
George Kelly
Best known for developing Personal Construct Psychology which looks at how we develop bipolar...
Kurt Lewin
Often recognized as founder of social psychology. One of the first to study group dynamics...

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