Famous People In Psychology

49 cards

Descriptions of famous people in psychology and what they are most known for or associated with. 


 
  
Created Oct 7, 2009
by
msanta02

 

 
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1
Wilhelm Wundt
 
Founder of scientific psychologyFounded first formal lab
Studied consciousness using introspection...
2
William James 
 
"Father of psychology"Wrote Principles of Psychology James-Lange theory of emotion says...
3
John Dewey
 
One of the founders of School of Functionalism and philosophy of pragmatism Carr, Mead,...
4
John Watson
 
Established School of Behaviorism - analysis of behavior and reactions is the only objective...
5
B.F. Skinner
 
Part of the Behaviorist SchoolKnown for experiments in operant conditioningInvented the operant...
6
Sigmund Freud 
 
"Father of psychoanalysis"Psychoanalysis - concerned with how unconscious instincts, conflicts,...
7
Josef Breuer
 
Helped lay foundation for psychoanalysisWorked with Freud
8
Carl Jung
 
Founder of analytical psychologyCollective unconsciousArchetypesAnima and animus 
9
Alfred Adler
 
Founder of the school of Individual PsychologyMost famous concept = inferiority complex and...
10
Karen Horney 
 
Classified as Neo-Freudian Detailed theory of neurosis: a continuous process with neuroses...
11
Heinz Kohut
 
Psychoanalyst known for development of Self Psychology Tripartite (three-part) self can...
12
Carl Rogers
 
Among the founders of the humanist approach Person-centered or client-centered therapyPerceptual...
13
Abraham Maslow
 
Founder of the Humanistic approachConceptualized the "hierarchy of human needs"  ...
14
Joseph Wolpe
 
Developed systematic desensitization 
15
Dollard, Doob and Miller
 
Social learning theorists who proposed the frustration-aggression hypothesis
16
Wolfgang Kohler
 
Spent several years studying the problem-solving abilities of chimps and observed that animals...
17
Hans Selye
 
A noted stress researcher; identified the General Adaptation Syndrome (alarm, resistance, exhaustion)
18
Cannon-Bard 
 
Developed theory of emotion that says emotions originate in the subcortical brain structures...
19
Schacter-Singer
 
Developed theory of emotion that says people determine the emotion from their physiological...
20
Yerkes-Dodson
 
Developed a relationship between arousal and performance (illustrated by a bell-shaped curve)....
21
David McClelland
 
Noted for work on achievement motivation and consciousness. Achievement motive found to be...
22
Konrad Lorenz
 
One of the founders of modern ethology. Studied instinctive behavior in animals (fixed action...
23
Noam Chomsky
 
Developed theory of generative grammar whose properties arise from an innate universal grammar. 
24
Edward Tolman
 
Developed a motivation theory known as the expectancy-value theory which states Performance...
25
William McDougall
 
Developed the idea that each instinct is receptive to certain stimuli and that the receptivity...
26
Clark Hull
 
Sought to explain learning and motivation by scientific laws of behavior. Also known for his...
27
Leon Festinger 
 
Developed the theory of cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory. Cognitive dissonance...
28
Gordon Allport 
 
One of the founding figures of personality psychology. Emphasized the uniqueness of each individual...
29
Hermann Ebbinghaus
 
Pioneered the experimental study of memory, and his known for his discovery of the forgetting...
30
Ivan Pavlov 
 
Described the phenomenon of classical conditioning (conditioned reflex)
31
Jean Piaget 
 
Developed a theory of cognitive development which consisted of four stages: Sensorimotor (circular...
32
Erik Erikson
 
Developed a psycho-social theory. Stages: trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame/doubt, initiative...
33
Lawrence Kohlberg
 
Moral development theory: Pre-conventional (obedience & punishment orientation and self...
34
Edward Thorndike 
 
His work on animal behavior and learning led to the theory of connectionism. Formulated the...
35
Young-Helmholtz
 
Theory of trichromatic color vision. 
36
Kurt Koffka, Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler 
 
Gestalt theorists 
37
Ernst Heinrich Weber
 
Saw that the relationship between stimulus and perception is logarithmic P=k ln S
38
Premack
 
Premack's principle = high probability behavior paired with low probability behavior results...
39
Albert Bandura 
 
Most famous for his social learning theory (observe and then imitate behavior) Bobo doll experiment....
40
Wolfe
 
Token economy with monkeys. Secondary reinforcers become primary reinforcers
41
Martin Seligman
 
Studied learned helplessness in dogs
42
Atkinson-Shiffrin
 
Developed three part memory model - Sensory, Short-Term and Long-Term
43
Gordon Bower
 
Looked at how context affects memory - Mood Congruent Memory
44
Benjamin Whorf
 
Known for his theories in linguistic relativity. Believed that language affects the way we...
45
Donald Broadbent 
 
Developed a Memory filter theory - thought process can be modeled in series of sequential stages...
46
William Sheldon 
 
Somatotype Theory - Assigned people into three categories of body types: endomorphs, mesomophs...
47
Julian Rotter 
 
Social learning theory and locus of control = individual's belief about how much they control...
48
George Kelly
 
Best known for developing Personal Construct Psychology which looks at how we develop bipolar...
49
Kurt Lewin
 
Often recognized as founder of social psychology. One of the first to study group dynamics...

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