Exam 3 April

76 cards

exam 3 april﷯ ﷯﷯ ﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯


 
  
Created Apr 20, 2010
by
yoyojo

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
All of the structures of the CNS originate from the
 
neural tube
2
Which of the following is not one of the three basic regions of the cerebral hemisphere
 
The blood- and oxygen-rich red zone   Each cerebral hemisphere has three basic regions:...
3
Choose the true statement regarding pyramidal cells
 
They allow us to control our skeletal muscles   The primary (somatic) motor cortex is...
4
What is the main role of the olfactory cortex
 
detection of odors
5
Spatial discrimination is the ability to identify the specific region of the body being stimulated
 
true
6
Which of the following is true of the multimodal association cortex
 
It allows us to tie information that we receive to previous experience and knowledge, and helps...
7
__________ is a division of labor in which each hemisphere has unique abilities not shared...
 
Lateralization
8
___________ is responsible for communication between cerebral areas and between the cerebral...
 
The cerebral white matter
9
Which of the following is not a part of the diencephalon
 
Perithalamus
10
Which of the following areas regulates body temperature, food intake, and sleep-wake cycles
 
Hypothalamus
11
Which of the following is not one of the major regions of the brain stem
 
Cerebellum   From superior to inferior, the brain stem regions are midbrain, pons, and...
12
Which of the following regions acts as an autonomic reflex center of the brain
 
Medulla oblongata   The small size of the medulla oblongata belies its crucial role...
13
_________ is a homeostatic brain imbalance that causes a temporary cessation of breathing during...
 
Sleep apnea
14
Which of the following meninges forms the loose, mid-layer brain covering
 
Arachnoid matter
15
Which of the following is a protective mechanism that helps maintain a stable environment for...
 
Blood-brain barrier    The blood-brain barrier is a protective mechanism that helps...
16
Which of the following is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain that ultimately results...
 
Alzheimer's disease   Alzheimer's disease is a progressive degenerative disease of...
17
Choose the true statement regarding second-order neurons
 
Second-order neuron cell bodies reside in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord   Second-order...
18
First Order neurons
 
cell bodies reside in ganglion, conduct impuses from the cutaneous receptors of the skin and...
19
Third order neurons
 
have cell bodies in the thalamus. they relay impulsesto the somatosensory cortex of the cerebrum. (NO...
20
Which of the following conditions results from viral destruction of ventral horn motor neurons
 
Poliomyelitis   Poliomyelitis results from destruction of ventral horn motor neurons...
21
Cerebral palsy may be caused by a temporary lack of oxygen during birth
 
True   In difficult deliveries, a temporary lack of oxygen may lead to cerebral palsy
22
Anencephaly is a result of incomplete formation of the vertebral arches, and can be caused...
 
False   Spina bifida is a result of incomplete formation of the vertebral arches, and...
23
In which of the following areas does sorting and editing of impulses take place
 
Thalamic nuclei   Within the thalamus a sorting-out and information editing process...
24
Which of the following is a function of the pons
 
Contains nuclei that relay information from the cerebrum to cerebellum   The pons is...
25
Which of the following areas is NOT involved in speech processing
 
Superior colliculi The superior colliculi function in visual reflexes
26
Which of the following areas of the brain is involved in maintaining the body's homeostasis
 
Hypothalamus   The hypothalamus is the main visceral control center...
27
Which of the following centers is NOT located in the hypothalamus
 
Center for central balance   The center for central balance is in the...
28
Which of the following coordinate head and eye movements when we visually follow a moving object
 
Superior colliculi   The superior colliculi are visual reflex centers...
29
Which of the following is a function of the basal ganglia
 
Starting, stopping, and monitoring arm swinging and gait   Starting,...
30
Which of the following is NOT one of the basal nuclei
 
Corpus callosum   The corpus callosum is the largest commissure in...
31
Which of the following is the autonomic control center
 
Hypothalamus   The hypothalamus is the control center for the autonomic nervous system
32
Which type of brain waves are seen when a person is concentrating on solving a problem
 
Beta waves   Beta waves are recorded when we are awake and alert
33
Which part of the brain is involved in thirst sensations
 
Hypothalamus   Osmoreceptors in the hypothalamus are activated when...
34
Which part of the brain produces dopamine
 
Substantia nigra   The substantia nigra gets its name from its high...
35
Which of the following statements concerning epilepsy is INCORRECT
 
It is associated with intellectual impairment.   Epilepsy is not associated...
36
Which of the following is the central layer of the meninges
 
Arachnoid mater   The arachnoid mater is the middle layer
37
The average weight of the adult brain is
 
3-3.5 lb   The average weight of the adult brain is 3-3.5 lb
38
The CNS can be differentiated in the developing embryo by week
 
four.   The CNS can be differentiated in the developing embryo by week...
39
Which of the following landmarks separates the cerebral hemispheres
 
The longitudinal fissure   The transverse cerebral fissure separates...
40
The cerebral cortex has all the following features, except that
 
it is composed of white mater
41
The visceral sensory area of the cerebral cortex is involved in the conscious perception of...
 
taste   The visceral sensory area of the cerebral cortex processes...
42
In which part of the cerebral cortex do sensations, emotions, and thoughts come together and...
 
The multimodal associate areas   It is now thought that the multimodal...
43
Which part of the cerebellum is involved in planning, rather that executing, movement
 
The lateral part of each hemisphere   The lateral part of each hemisphere...
44
All the following are attributed to the function of the amygdale, except
 
resolving mental conflict.   Resolving mental conflict is a function...
45
The sensory hallucinations experienced by epileptic patients are known as
 
the aura.   A petit mal is the old term used for an absence seizure
46
Which of the following statements about language is INCORRECT
 
All the associated areas on the right side of the cerebral cortex are involved in language
47
Working memory
 
is limited to seven or eight chunks of information.   Working memory,...
48
Which of the following neurotransmitters is thought to prime the prefrontal cortex and the...
 
Acetylcholine   Acetylcholine is thought to prime the prefrontal cortex...
49
If you are having a conversation with a person, excuse yourself for five minutes, and come...
 
anterograde amnesia.   A person with epilepsy would suffer from seizures,...
50
The main culprit in the damage caused by a cerebral vascular accident (CVA) is
 
glutamate.   Serotonin is not thought to play a role in the production...
51
All of the following features can be seen in the brain tissue of patients suffering from Alzheimer's...
 
increased levels of acetylcholine in the basal forebrain.   Tau is...
52
Deep brain stimulation via implanted electrodes has been used to treat some of the symptoms...
 
Parkinson's disease.   Deep brain stimulation via implanted electrodes...
53
Which of the following structures is not a part of the peripheral nervous system (PNS)
 
Brain   See page 485. The PNS includes all...
54
Mechanoreceptors
 
stretch
55
Thermoreceptors
 
temperature
56
Chemoreceptors
 
chemicals in solution
57
Photoreceptors
 
light energy
58
Nocioreceptors
 
pain
59
Proprioceptors are receptors that are classified by
 
their location.   See page 486. Sensory receptors...
60
Simple receptors found in epithelia and connective tissue tend to
 
uncapsulated dendritic endings
61
Which of the following has unencapsulated nerve endings
 
hair folicle receptors   is especially helpful. Hair follicle receptors, free nerve...
62
The final level of neural integration in the somatosensory system is the ______ level
 
perceptual
63
Fast adapting receptors are called
 
phasic receptors   Many sensory receptors exhibit adaptation. Adaptation is a change...
64
Most nerves are able to carry impulses both toward and away from the CNS
 
true
65
CNS nerve fibers are able to regenerate
 
false    Unlike peripheral nerve fibers, nerves of the CNS (brain and spinal cord)...
66
A nerve that carries autonomic signals away from the CNS is classified as
 
visceral efferant   Visceral refers to autonomic nervous system fibers. Afferent means...
67
Choose the false statement about cranial nerves
 
The cranial nerves are associated with the spinal cord.   See...
68
The first two pairs of cranial nerves attach to the
 
forebrain
69
All spinal nerves are mixed nerves.
 
true
70
If the phrenic nerve were severed, what would be the most immediate effect
 
breathing would stop   The phrenic nerve serves the diaphragm. If this nerve is irritated,...
71
The pinching motion (with opposed thumb and forefinger) is highly dependent upon impulses transmitted...
 
median nerve
72
Which of the following is false regarding the sciatic nerve
 
The sciatic nerve is a single nerve
73
The first level of motor control is the
 
segmental level
74
Which structure is involved in the projection level of motor control
 
primary motor cortex
75
In a reflex arc, the ___ transmits afferent impulses to the CNS
 
sensory neuron
76
The flexor reflex is initiated by painful stimuli
 
true


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel