exam #3 sociology

50 cards

sociology exam 3


 
  
Created Apr 7, 2010
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kelbots

 

 
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1
Crime is a violation of a society's formally enacted law.  What is deviance?
 
Deviance is the violation of cultural norms.What is crime?
2
Emile Durkheim's basic insight is that deviance is what for society?
 
Emile Durkheim believed that deviance provides  4 things.1) affirms cultural norms/values2)...
3
In Robert Merton's Strain Theory, what is the term used to describe a person who gets rich...
 
According to Robert Merton's Strain theory, a person who uses unconventional means to acquire...
4
In Robert Merton's Strain Theory, what is the term used to describe a low-paid, yet compulsively...
 
According to Robert Merton's Strain theory, a person that compulsively performs honestly, without...
5
When friends begin to criticize John as a "boozer", pushing him out of their social circle,...
 
According to Lemert, John the drinker's response illustrates a Secondary Response- a reactionary...
6
Edwin Sutherland's differential association theory links deviance to__.
 
Edwin Sutherland's differential association theory links deviance to how much others encourage,...
7
According to the social-conflict approach, what society labels as deviant is based mostly on...
 
According to the social-conflict approach, what society labels as deviant is based mostly on...
8
What is the term for crimes committed by persons of high social ranking in the course of doing...
 
The term for crime committed by persons of high social ranking in the course of doing their...
9
What term refers to the illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on it's behalf?
 
The term refers to the illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on it's behalf is...
10
Explain what qualifies as a hate crime--
 
A hate crime is a criminal act against a person or their property which was motivated by racial...
11
Criminal statistics gathered by the FBI reflect what types of crime as they pertain to the...
 
Criminal statistics gathered by the FBI reflect violent crimes against people (the willful...
12
Victimization surveys show that the actual amount of crime in the US is ___ times higher than...
 
Victimization surveys show that the actual amount of crime in the US is 3 times higher...
13
Which justification of punishing criminals rests on using the threat of punishment to discourage...
 
The justification of punishing criminals rests on using the threat of punishment to discourage...
14
What term refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy?
 
The term refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy is...
15
An Ascribed status is gained at birth.When do you receive an Achieved...
 
An Achieved status is gained after reaching a milestone- a new job or graduating...
16
What is the name for a term referring to a shift in the social position of large numbers of...
 
The name for a term referring to a shift in the social position of large numbers of people...
17
Davis and Moore believe that inequality promotes productivity how?
 
Davis and Moore believe that inequality promotes productivity by offering incentive...
18
Work involving mostly manual labor is called what type of work?
 
Work involving mostly manual labor is called Blue Collar.
19
Max Weber considered an individual's social position to be mostly a matter of what?
 
Max Weber considered an individual's social position to be mostly a matter of Socio-economic...
20
Evidence suggests that as the US moves further into the post-industrial phase of economic development,...
 
Evidence suggests that as the US moves further into the post-industrial phase of economic development,...
21
 The wealthiest 5% of US families control what portion of US money?
 
 The wealthiest 5% of US families control 60%  of US money.
22
Compared to the upper class, the middle class is richer in what respect?
 
The middle class is richer in diversity than the upper class.
23
INTRA-generational Social mobility is a change in social position which occurs during...
 
INTER-generational Social mobility is upward or downward social mobility in relation...
24
The anthropologist Oscar Lewis suggested that the cause of poverty lies in what?
 
The anthropologist Oscar Lewis suggested that the cause of poverty lies in the poor becoming...
25
Sociologist William Julius Wilson suggests that the cause of poverty lies in what?
 
Sociologist William Julius Wilson suggests that society is primarily responsible...
26
Rough estimates suggest that roughly how many Americans are homeless at one point during the...
 
Rough estimates suggest that roughly 1.5 million Americans are homeless at one point during...
27
The wealthiest 20% of the global population receive about what share of all global income?
 
The wealthiest 20% of the global population receive about 80% of all global income.
28
One system for classifying the world's nations places the rich, industrial countries into what...
 
One system for classifying the world's nations places the rich, industrial countries into the...
29
High-income nations are found where on the planet?
 
High-Income nations are found above the equator.
30
Where are Las Colonias, communities which contain the extremely impoverished, located?
 
Las Colonias are located near College Park, Texas.
31
Compared to poverty in the US, poverty in low-income nations is what?
 
Compared to poverty in the US, poverty in low-income nations is more severe.
32
Relative poverty refers to the resources that are taken for granted by some,...
 
Absolute Poverty refers to a lack of resources that is life threatening.  What...
33
Approximately how many people die each year due to starvation?
 
Approximately 15 million people each year die due to starvation.
34
Which type of slavery consists of employers holding workers by paying them too little to cover...
 
Debt Bondage is the type of slavery consists of employers holding workers by paying...
35
The term that claims that a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality...
 
Modernization Theory is a model of economic and social development that explains...
36
Dependency theory claims that poor nations:
 
Dependency theory claims that poor nations have been exploited by richer ones.  Examples...
37
What is Samual Wallersteins term for the middle income countries of the world?
 
Samual Wallersteins term for the middle income countries of the world is semi-periphery.
38
The Global region that has seen the greatest reduction of poverty is?
 
The Global region that has seen the greatest reduction of poverty is Southeast Asia.  They...
39
What is the term used to identify traits and social positions that members of a society attach...
 
The term used to identify traits and social positions that members of a society attach themselves...
40
What is the form of social organization in which females dominate males?
 
Matriarchy
41
In global perspective, women's social power, in relation to men, is lowest on which continent?
 
In global perspective, women's social power, in relation to men, is lowest in Africa.
42
What concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
 
A gender role refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people...
43
What share of today's US women are working for income?
 
59% of today's US woman are working for income. (71% are working for income full-time)
44
The "Beauty Myth" refers to the idea that___?
 
The "Beauty Myth" refers to the idea that society teaches women to measure their...
45
What are some other names for "Comparable Worth"?
 
"Comparable Worth" is also known as "Equal Pay for Equal Work".
Also, the...
46
What term refers to the invisible barrier which keeps women from achieving anything...
 
The Glass Ceiling
47
Explain why women are considered minorities, even white women.
 
Women are considered minorities because they make less than men, even though they...
48
Intersection theory focuses on what?
 
Intersection theory focuses on the multiple dimensions of disadvantage which results...
49
What type of feminism accepts the basic structure of human society, but believes that men and...
 
Liberal Feminism accepts the basic structure of human society, but believes that...
50
What type of feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender itself?
 
Radical feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender...


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