Essentials Human Diseases/Conditions CH 5

81 cards

Diseases/Disorders Eye And Ear


 
  
Created Mar 18, 2010
by
dwfaith

 

 
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1
Arteritis
 
Arterial inflammation
2
Hyperopia
 
Farsightedness
3
Hypertrophied
 
Enlarged
4
Myopia
 
Nearsightedness
5
Amblyopia
 
Reduced vision on an eye - no obvious reason
6
Anklosis
 
Immobility of a joint
7
Audiogram
 
Record of hearing test
8
Diplopia
 
Double vision
9
Hitoplasmosis
 
Systemic respiratory disease caused by a fungus
10
Laser Photocoagulation
 
Coagulation of blood vessels in eye by laser
11
Macula
 
Small spot of colored area
12
Photophobia
 
Sensitivity to light
13
Purulent
 
Containing pus
14
Seborrhea
 
Excessive secretion of sebum from sebaceous glands 
15
Tonometry
 
Measeurement of intraocular pressure
16
Toxoplasmosis
 
disease from protozoa from mammals and birds
17
Layers of eye
 
Sclera, choroids, retina
18
Colorless, transparent portion of eye
 
Cornea
19
Classifications of hearing loss
 
Conductive and senorineural
20
Symptoms Otosclerosis
 
Gradual hearing loss of low/soft sounds, tinnitis
21
Canal that connects middel ear with nasopharynx
 
Eustachian Tube
22
Shape of eyeball
 
Spherical
23
Structure that maintains balance
 
Labyrinth
24
Sensory receptors in retina that detect color and refinement
 
Cones
25
Earwax
 
Cerumen
26
Jellylike substance in orb
 
Vitreous Humor
27
Internal elastic disc that focuses images, near and far
 
Lens
28
Cause of Cholesteatoma
 
Estauchian tube fails to open blocking tube which fills with stuff from recurring ear infections....
29
Short eyeball
 
Hyperopia
30
Long eyeball
 
Myopia
31
Cause astigmatism
 
Nonshperical cornea
32
Symptoms refractive errors
 
Blurred vision, fatigue
33
Most common nystagmus
 
Congenital
34
Bacteria responsible for styesD
 
Staphylococci
35
Symptoms Keraitits
 
Decreased vision, irritaion, tearing, photophobia, redness of conjunctiva
36
Cuase Cataracts
 
Opacification of lens - aging process
37
Cure for Macular Degeneration
 
No
38
Retinal blood vessels in a diabetic
 
Diabetic Retinopathy
39
Causes for ruptured eardrums
 
Sharp objects, explosion, infection, blow to ear.
40
Portion that regulates light to eyeD
 
Iris, colored portion
41
Four major refractive errors
 
Hyperopis, Myopia, Astignatism, Presbyopia
42
Strabismus
 
Failure of the eyes to look in the same direction, weakness in nerve impluse failing to control...
43
Esotropia
 
Inward turning of eyes, crosseyed
44
Exotropia
 
Outward turing of eyes
45
Nonulcerative blepharitis
 
Exposure to dust, smoke, chemicals
46
Symptoms Stye
 
Pain, swelling, redness
47
Cause Keratitis
 
Herpes Simplex
48
Blepharitis
 
inflamation of the margins of the eyelids, scondary to seborrhea,
49
BlepharoptosisD
 
{tpsos. drooping eyelid, age related, familiar and can obstruct vision
50
Cause Conjunctivitis
 
Bacterial or viral
51
Corneal Abrasion
 
Painful loss of epithelium or outer layer of cornea
52
Symptoms of ear disease requiring medical attention
 
Hearing loss, pain, pressure, tinnitus, vomiting
53
Most common ailment of children
 
Otits Media
54
Treatment Blepharitis
 
Antibiotic Opthalmic oint.
55
Treatment Bacterial conjunctivitis
 
Topical Antibiotic
56
Treatment Glaucoma
 
Betaxolol, timolol, latanoprost
57
Use of prescribed meds for open angle glaucoma
 
Use on regular basis, don't miss doses
58
Meds used for Macular degeneration
 
Vitamins A, C, E, Zinc
59
Treatment Otits Media
 
Ibuprofen, pseudoephedrine, sulfamethoxazole
60
Treatment Meniere's Disesase
 
Meclizine (antivert)
61
Otosclerosis
 
Ankylosing of the stapes
62
Labyrinthitis
 
Inflamation of the semicircular canal
63
Conductive hearing loss - causes
 
Cerumen impaction, otitis media, otosclerosis
64
Most common cause of blindness in US
 
Macular degeneration
65
Process of vision
 
Light through lens, impact retina, rods/cones stimulated, nerve impluses sent to brain by optic...
66
Nystagmus
 
Repetitve/involuntary movement of one/both eyes from abnormality of retina, congenital defects,...
67
Strabismus
 
Failure of eyes to look in same direction, muscel/nerve failure, other disease processes
68
Hordeolum
 
Stye
69
Symptoms Conjunctivitis
 
Redness, swelling, itching, tearing, light sensitivity. Purulent discharge. Highly contacgious.
70
How do cataracts obstruct sight
 
Cloudy/opaque lens obstructs light
71
Diabetic Retinopathy
 
Microaneurysm, hemorrhages, dilation of retinal veins, neovascularization.
72
Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy
 
Laser photocoagulation and vitrectomy
73
Open Angle Glaucoma
 
Blockage of travecular meshwork that impairs aqueous humor reabsorption, gradual elevation...
74
Closed Angel Glaucoma
 
Blockage in the drainage system of the eye, acute elevation in IOP
75
Retinal Detachment
 
Opthalmic exam detects retina tear - partial to total loss of sight.
76
Causes Exophthalmos
 
Enlarged Intraocular muscles, retrobulbar mass, edema of soft tissue. Hyperthyroid, hypthyroid,...
77
Cancer's effect on eye structures
 
Bone of orbit, soft tissues muscles between globe and bone, optic nerve eyeball itself
78
Sturctures of ear
 
Outer auditory cannal and auricle, middle ear: tympanic membrane, three ossicles, ET, oval...
79
Myringotomy
 
Surgical incision into ear drum to relieve pressure, provide drainage, allow middle ear to...
80
Meniere's disease
 
Vertigo, tinnitus, progressive hearing loss, sensation of fullness in ears, N/V, loss of balance
81
Major Symptom of Labyrinthitis
 
Vertigo


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