Essentials Human Disease/Conditions CH 8

111 cards

Diseases/Conditions Digestive System


 
  
Created Mar 25, 2010
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dwfaith

 

 
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1
Apicectomy
 
Removal of the apical protion of tooth root
2
Cholenergic
 
Pertaining to nerve fibers that liberate acetylcholine at the nyonerual junction
3
Colectomy
 
Surgical removal of all/part colon
4
Erosion
 
Wearing away a surface
5
Fissure
 
Cleft/groove on surface of organ/ tissue
6
Fistula
 
Abnormal passage between organ and body surface
7
Gangrene
 
Necrosis/death of tissue
8
Hematemesis
 
Vomiting bright red blood
9
Leukoplakia
 
white plaque, patches on mucous membranes
10
Ligation
 
Typinf off blood vessel
11
Lymphadenopathy
 
Local/general enlargemetn of lymph nodes/vessels
12
Metastasis
 
Tumor cells spread to distant organs
13
Odynophagia
 
Burning/squeezing pain on swallowing
14
Retrosternal
 
Behind Sternum
15
Pseudomembranous
 
false membrane
16
Anastomoses
 
Surgical/pathologic connection between two vessels/structors
17
Aphthous Ulcers
 
Recurrent Canker sores
18
Cachexia
 
wasting disorder, malnutrition, cancer, HIV, TB
19
Diaphoretic
 
Profuse sweating
20
H2-receptor anatagonist
 
Chemical agent that blocks interaction of histamine/ acetylcholine on receptors of stomach...
21
Hemostasis
 
Controlling bleeding
22
Hepatomegaly
 
Enlargement of Liver
23
Hyperemic
 
Excess blood in part or area
24
Lavage
 
Cleaning out a cavity with fluid
25
Myalgia
 
Muschle Pain
26
Peritonitis
 
Inflammation of membrane that lines abdominal cavity
27
Proton pump inhibitor
 
Drugs that block gastric acid secretion;
28
Steatorrhia
 
Malabsorbtion of fat in feces
29
Function of teeth
 
Mastication, breakdown of food for digestion
30
Causes for missing permanent teeth
 
Decay, accident, impaction, congenital missing
31
Major sysmptom of TMJ
 
Pain in the TMJ
32
Thrush
 
Fungal infection
33
Squamous cell oral cancers make up what percentage of oral cancers
 
90%
34
Major contributors to oral cancers
 
Alcohol, smoking, snuff
35
Treatments for oral cancer
 
Radiation, surgery, Laser therapy, therapeutic irradiation
36
Main symptom for esophagitis
 
Burning chest pain (Hearburn)
37
Main culprit for gastritis
 
H Pylori
38
Barrett's Esophagus contributes to what in the proximal stomach
 
Gastric cancer
39
Length of Appendix
 
3 1/2 inches
40
Function of appendix
 
No known purpose
41
Appliance worn by people with hernia
 
Truss
42
Area of alimentary canal affected by Crohn's disease
 
any portion, from mouth to anus can become edematous and inflamed
43
Ulcerative Colitisi is a risk for what condition
 
Colon Cancer
44
Matin goal when treating gastroenteritis
 
Maintian hydration and electrolyte balance
45
Symptoms of intestinal obsturction
 
Pain, N/V, bloat, no passage of stool/gas, electrolyte imbalance, elevated WBC, hyperactive...
46
Site of colon for diverticulosis
 
Distal protion, Sigmoid
47
3rd leading cancer cuase of men and women
 
Colorectal cancer
48
Is peritonitis life threatening
 
Yes
49
Which sex experieces a higher incidence of Cirrhosis
 
Male
50
What is the incubation period for Hep A
 
15-50 Days
51
Four Fat Soluble vitamins
 
A, D, E, K
52
The alimentary canal process and transports?
 
Digestion
53
Function of teeth
 
Matication
54
Periodontitis/Periodontal Disease
 
Destruction of the gums and bone around a tooth
55
Pus-filled pocket surrounding root of tooth
 
Tooth Abscess
56
Symptoms Herpes Simplex
 
Blisters on lips, inside mouth, painful ulcers lasting hours to days
57
Symptoms Oral Cancer
 
White pathcy lesions, oral ulcesr that fail to heal
58
Causes for normal Esophageal reflux
 
Overeating, weight, pregnancy
59
Treatment for Esophagitis
 
Bland diet, strong antiacids
60
Cause of Hiatal Hernia
 
Upper portion of stomach protrudes through opening in diaphram
61
Mechanical bowel obstructiion, twisting of the bowel on itself
 
Volvulus
62
Short bowel syndrome interfers with the absorptin of
 
Nutrients, fluid, vitamins, and minerals
63
Celiac Disease
 
Disease of the small intestine: malabsorption, gluten intolerance and damage to lining of intestines
64
Med causes discoloration of teeth
 
Tetracycline
65
Antibacterial mouthwash precribed for gingivitis
 
Chlorhexidine (Periogard)
66
Oral Thrush is treated with what
 
Candida Albicans is treated with Nystatin
67
GERD is treated with
 
Omeprazole, cessation of smoking, elevating the head at bedtime
68
Do not use this drug with patients with Peptic Ulcer
 
Aleve
69
Peptic Ulcer is treated with
 
Nexium, Zantac, Tagament (Esomeprazole, Rantidine, Cimetidine)
70
Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis
 
Corticosteriods, Sulfasalazine, anticholinergic agents
71
Treatment for Peritonitis
 
Broad spectrum antibiotics, parenteral electrolytes, pain killers
72
Treatment for motion sickness
 
Dramamine, Dimenhydrinate
73
Hep A is transmitted
 
Fecal-oral, comtaminiated water, food, stools
74
Overuse of Broad-Spectrum antibiotics is seem with
 
Pseudomembranous entercolitis
75
Symtoms include biliary colic with radiating pian  and jaundice
 
Cholelithiasis
76
Chronic Irreversible degeneration of the Liver
 
Cirrhosis
77
The Hepatitis is transmitted by blood and body fluid
 
B and C
78
Peritonitis in an inflamation of what
 
Serous Membrane that lines the abdomin
79
Mechanical bowel obstruction
 
Neoplasm, volvulus, intussusception, fecal impact
80
4th leading cause of cancer deaths
 
Pancreatic
81
Gastritis
 
Allergic reaction, irritation from roods, mechanical injury, medications, poisons, alcohol,...
82
Peridonitits
 
Cuase:Plaque biofilm, Contriburing factors: Chemotherapy, diabetes, smoking, HIV,
83
Barrett's esphagus
 
Treat for GERD, Endoscopic exam every 3 years, acid-suppression medis, lifestyle change, antireflux...
84
How does malocclusion present
 
Protrusion or recession of the jaw, crowded teeth, tooth loss
85
Untreated ginvigitis leads to what condition
 
Periodontitis
86
Symtoms of TMF
 
Pain in jaw worse by chewing, clicking sounds when chewing, limitaion of jow movement (unilateral)...
87
Aphthous Mouth Ulcer vs Cold Sore
 
trauma, stress, illnes vs Herpes simplex virus Pale yellow spots with red boarders vs red...
88
Causes for GERD
 
Relaxation of esphogeal sphincter, hiatial hernia, some meds, alcohol, coffee, some foos
89
Medication class for treating GERD
 
Antiacids, proton pum inhibitor
90
What does Helicobacter Pylori do 
 
H. Pylori causes gastric and peptic ulcers
91
Complications from Esphageal Varices
 
Rupture of the lining of the esophaus-hemorrhage, hypovolemic shock
92
Endoscopy visulaizes what
 
Upper GI tract
93
Colonoscopy visualizes whatD
 
Colon
94
Initial symptoms of gastric cancer
 
vague digestive symptons, no pain
95
McBurney's Point
 
Point of tenederness in acute appendicitis
96
Strangulated hernia
 
bowel is trapped or twiested on itself at the point of herniation. Blood supply is cut off...
97
Symptoms Ulcerative Colitis
 
Chronic inflamation of mucosa of rectum and colon, chronic/severe diarrhea
98
Crohns Disease
 
Chronic inflammation of all layers of bowel wall anywhere in the digestive tract, severe diarrhea...
99
Rx for Gastroenteritis
 
control symptoms, maintain fluid level and electrolyte balance, education
100
Functional Intestinal obstruction
 
Nonmechanical blockage, paralysis of the bowel from medication, peritonitis, surgery (paralytic...
101
Mechanical Intestinal obstruction
 
Tumors, foreign bodies, impaction, strictures, compression, twisint, intussusception, strangulations.
102
Diverticulosis vs Diverticulitis
 
Weak points in the muscular layer of the large intestines form outpouches. Then these become...
103
Assessment for Colorectal Cancer
 
Hx/Px, stool specimens, barium enema, signmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, CT Scan.
104
Why do antibiotics cause Pseudomembranous entercoloitis
 
It destroys the natural protective intestinal flora and allows infection with Clostridium Difficile. ...
105
S/S of Cirrhosis of the Liver
 
Loss of appetite, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, indigesion, distention, edema, tendency to...
106
Biliary Colic vs Acute Pancreatitis
 
Colic: pain in epigastric or RUQ -radiating to R scapula. Jaundice. Acute: sudden onset severe...
107
Causes of Pancreatitis
 
Alcohol, biliary tract disease, gallstones, trauma, infection, structural anomalies, hemorrhage,...
108
Disorders of nutrition lead to
 
Malnutrition, malabsorption, food poisoning, anorexia nervosa, bulimina, obsety and hypervitaminosis
109
Diagnostic criteria for Celiac Disease
 
Biopsy shows destruction of mucosal lining of bowel, gulten free diet resolves problem.
110
Most common bloodborne infection in US
 
HCV - Hepatits C Virus
111
Third most common site of cancer in men and women
 
Colorectal cancer


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