Essentials Human Disease/Conditions CH 8


Diseases/Conditions Digestive System
  
Changes are done, please view the flashcard.

Preview Flashcards

FrontBack
Apicectomy
 
Removal of the apical protion of tooth root
Cholenergic
 
Pertaining to nerve fibers that liberate acetylcholine at the nyonerual junction
Colectomy
 
Surgical removal of all/part colon
Erosion
 
Wearing away a surface
Fissure
 
Cleft/groove on surface of organ/ tissue
Fistula
 
Abnormal passage between organ and body surface
Gangrene
 
Necrosis/death of tissue
Hematemesis
 
Vomiting bright red blood
Leukoplakia
 
white plaque, patches on mucous membranes
Ligation
 
Typinf off blood vessel
Lymphadenopathy
 
Local/general enlargemetn of lymph nodes/vessels
Metastasis
 
Tumor cells spread to distant organs
Odynophagia
 
Burning/squeezing pain on swallowing
Retrosternal
 
Behind Sternum
Pseudomembranous
 
false membrane
Anastomoses
 
Surgical/pathologic connection between two vessels/structors
Aphthous Ulcers
 
Recurrent Canker sores
Cachexia
 
wasting disorder, malnutrition, cancer, HIV, TB
Diaphoretic
 
Profuse sweating
H2-receptor anatagonist
 
Chemical agent that blocks interaction of histamine/ acetylcholine on receptors of stomach cells. drugs that inhibit gastric acid
Hemostasis
 
Controlling bleeding
Hepatomegaly
 
Enlargement of Liver
Hyperemic
 
Excess blood in part or area
Lavage
 
Cleaning out a cavity with fluid
Myalgia
 
Muschle Pain
Peritonitis
 
Inflammation of membrane that lines abdominal cavity
Proton pump inhibitor
 
Drugs that block gastric acid secretion;
Steatorrhia
 
Malabsorbtion of fat in feces
Function of teeth
 
Mastication, breakdown of food for digestion
Causes for missing permanent teeth
 
Decay, accident, impaction, congenital missing
Major sysmptom of TMJ
 
Pain in the TMJ
Thrush
 
Fungal infection
Squamous cell oral cancers make up what percentage of oral cancers
 
90%
Major contributors to oral cancers
 
Alcohol, smoking, snuff
Treatments for oral cancer
 
Radiation, surgery, Laser therapy, therapeutic irradiation
Main symptom for esophagitis
 
Burning chest pain (Hearburn)
Main culprit for gastritis
 
H Pylori
Barrett's Esophagus contributes to what in the proximal stomach
 
Gastric cancer
Length of Appendix
 
3 1/2 inches
Function of appendix
 
No known purpose
Appliance worn by people with hernia
 
Truss
Area of alimentary canal affected by Crohn's disease
 
any portion, from mouth to anus can become edematous and inflamed
Ulcerative Colitisi is a risk for what condition
 
Colon Cancer
Matin goal when treating gastroenteritis
 
Maintian hydration and electrolyte balance
Symptoms of intestinal obsturction
 
Pain, N/V, bloat, no passage of stool/gas, electrolyte imbalance, elevated WBC, hyperactive or missing bowel sounds
Site of colon for diverticulosis
 
Distal protion, Sigmoid
3rd leading cancer cuase of men and women
 
Colorectal cancer
Is peritonitis life threatening
 
Yes
Which sex experieces a higher incidence of Cirrhosis
 
Male
What is the incubation period for Hep A
 
15-50 Days
Four Fat Soluble vitamins
 
A, D, E, K
The alimentary canal process and transports?
 
Digestion
Function of teeth
 
Matication
Periodontitis/Periodontal Disease
 
Destruction of the gums and bone around a tooth
Pus-filled pocket surrounding root of tooth
 
Tooth Abscess
Symptoms Herpes Simplex
 
Blisters on lips, inside mouth, painful ulcers lasting hours to days
Symptoms Oral Cancer
 
White pathcy lesions, oral ulcesr that fail to heal
Causes for normal Esophageal reflux
 
Overeating, weight, pregnancy
Treatment for Esophagitis
 
Bland diet, strong antiacids
Cause of Hiatal Hernia
 
Upper portion of stomach protrudes through opening in diaphram
Mechanical bowel obstructiion, twisting of the bowel on itself
 
Volvulus
Short bowel syndrome interfers with the absorptin of
 
Nutrients, fluid, vitamins, and minerals
Celiac Disease
 
Disease of the small intestine: malabsorption, gluten intolerance and damage to lining of intestines
Med causes discoloration of teeth
 
Tetracycline
Antibacterial mouthwash precribed for gingivitis
 
Chlorhexidine (Periogard)
Oral Thrush is treated with what
 
Candida Albicans is treated with Nystatin
GERD is treated with
 
Omeprazole, cessation of smoking, elevating the head at bedtime
Do not use this drug with patients with Peptic Ulcer
 
Aleve
Peptic Ulcer is treated with
 
Nexium, Zantac, Tagament (Esomeprazole, Rantidine, Cimetidine)
Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis
 
Corticosteriods, Sulfasalazine, anticholinergic agents
Treatment for Peritonitis
 
Broad spectrum antibiotics, parenteral electrolytes, pain killers
Treatment for motion sickness
 
Dramamine, Dimenhydrinate
Hep A is transmitted
 
Fecal-oral, comtaminiated water, food, stools
Overuse of Broad-Spectrum antibiotics is seem with
 
Pseudomembranous entercolitis
Symtoms include biliary colic with radiating pian and jaundice
 
Cholelithiasis
Chronic Irreversible degeneration of the Liver
 
Cirrhosis
The Hepatitis is transmitted by blood and body fluid
 
B and C
Peritonitis in an inflamation of what
 
Serous Membrane that lines the abdomin
Mechanical bowel obstruction
 
Neoplasm, volvulus, intussusception, fecal impact
4th leading cause of cancer deaths
 
Pancreatic
Gastritis
 
Allergic reaction, irritation from roods, mechanical injury, medications, poisons, alcohol, infectious diseases
Peridonitits
 
Cuase:Plaque biofilm, Contriburing factors: Chemotherapy, diabetes, smoking, HIV,
Barrett's esphagus
 
Treat for GERD, Endoscopic exam every 3 years, acid-suppression medis, lifestyle change, antireflux surgery
How does malocclusion present
 
Protrusion or recession of the jaw, crowded teeth, tooth loss
Untreated ginvigitis leads to what condition
 
Periodontitis
Symtoms of TMF
 
Pain in jaw worse by chewing, clicking sounds when chewing, limitaion of jow movement (unilateral) tinnitus, deafnes
Aphthous Mouth Ulcer vs Cold Sore
 
trauma, stress, illnes vs Herpes simplex virus Pale yellow spots with red boarders vs red raised lesions
Causes for GERD
 
Relaxation of esphogeal sphincter, hiatial hernia, some meds, alcohol, coffee, some foos
Medication class for treating GERD
 
Antiacids, proton pum inhibitor
What does Helicobacter Pylori do
 
H. Pylori causes gastric and peptic ulcers
Complications from Esphageal Varices
 
Rupture of the lining of the esophaus-hemorrhage, hypovolemic shock
Endoscopy visulaizes what
 
Upper GI tract
Colonoscopy visualizes whatD
 
Colon
Initial symptoms of gastric cancer
 
vague digestive symptons, no pain
McBurney's Point
 
Point of tenederness in acute appendicitis
Strangulated hernia
 
bowel is trapped or twiested on itself at the point of herniation. Blood supply is cut off - gangrene
Symptoms Ulcerative Colitis
 
Chronic inflamation of mucosa of rectum and colon, chronic/severe diarrhea
Crohns Disease
 
Chronic inflammation of all layers of bowel wall anywhere in the digestive tract, severe diarrhea and bowel obstruction.
Rx for Gastroenteritis
 
control symptoms, maintain fluid level and electrolyte balance, education
Functional Intestinal obstruction
 
Nonmechanical blockage, paralysis of the bowel from medication, peritonitis, surgery (paralytic ileus, congenital megacolon)
Mechanical Intestinal obstruction
 
Tumors, foreign bodies, impaction, strictures, compression, twisint, intussusception, strangulations.
Diverticulosis vs Diverticulitis
 
Weak points in the muscular layer of the large intestines form outpouches. Then these become inflamated from infection - perforation of bowel.
Assessment for Colorectal Cancer
 
Hx/Px, stool specimens, barium enema, signmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, CT Scan.
Why do antibiotics cause Pseudomembranous entercoloitis
 
It destroys the natural protective intestinal flora and allows infection with Clostridium Difficile. Bowel inflames, ulcerates, necrosis.
S/S of Cirrhosis of the Liver
 
Loss of appetite, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, indigesion, distention, edema, tendency to bleed, jaundice, pruritis, spider nevi, testicular atrophy, gynecomastia, memory impairment. Signs: enlarged liver, abnormal xrays, elevated liver enzymes, bilirubin in bloos, hepatic failure - death
Biliary Colic vs Acute Pancreatitis
 
Colic: pain in epigastric or RUQ -radiating to R scapula. Jaundice. Acute: sudden onset severe abd pain, radiating to back, N/V, Diaphoretic, tachy, B/P falls, fever, abd tenderness, decreased bowel sounds
Causes of Pancreatitis
 
Alcohol, biliary tract disease, gallstones, trauma, infection, structural anomalies, hemorrhage, hyperlipidemia, drugs, metabolic/ endocrine disorders
Disorders of nutrition lead to
 
Malnutrition, malabsorption, food poisoning, anorexia nervosa, bulimina, obsety and hypervitaminosis
Diagnostic criteria for Celiac Disease
 
Biopsy shows destruction of mucosal lining of bowel, gulten free diet resolves problem.
Most common bloodborne infection in US
 
HCV - Hepatits C Virus
Third most common site of cancer in men and women
 
Colorectal cancer

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade