Essentials Human Disease/Conditions CH 8

111 cards

Diseases/Conditions Digestive System


 
  
Created Mar 25, 2010
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dwfaith

 

 
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1
Apicectomy
 
Removal of the apical protion of tooth root
2
Cholenergic
 
Pertaining to nerve fibers that liberate acetylcholine at the nyonerual junction
3
Colectomy
 
Surgical removal of all/part colon
4
Erosion
 
Wearing away a surface
5
Fissure
 
Cleft/groove on surface of organ/ tissue
6
Fistula
 
Abnormal passage between organ and body surface
7
Gangrene
 
Necrosis/death of tissue
8
Hematemesis
 
Vomiting bright red blood
9
Leukoplakia
 
white plaque, patches on mucous membranes
10
Ligation
 
Typinf off blood vessel
11
Lymphadenopathy
 
Local/general enlargemetn of lymph nodes/vessels
12
Metastasis
 
Tumor cells spread to distant organs
13
Odynophagia
 
Burning/squeezing pain on swallowing
14
Retrosternal
 
Behind Sternum
15
Pseudomembranous
 
false membrane
16
Anastomoses
 
Surgical/pathologic connection between two vessels/structors
17
Aphthous Ulcers
 
Recurrent Canker sores
18
Cachexia
 
wasting disorder, malnutrition, cancer, HIV, TB
19
Diaphoretic
 
Profuse sweating
20
H2-receptor anatagonist
 
Chemical agent that blocks interaction of histamine/ acetylcholine on receptors of stomach...
21
Hemostasis
 
Controlling bleeding
22
Hepatomegaly
 
Enlargement of Liver
23
Hyperemic
 
Excess blood in part or area
24
Lavage
 
Cleaning out a cavity with fluid
25
Myalgia
 
Muschle Pain
26
Peritonitis
 
Inflammation of membrane that lines abdominal cavity
27
Proton pump inhibitor
 
Drugs that block gastric acid secretion;
28
Steatorrhia
 
Malabsorbtion of fat in feces
29
Function of teeth
 
Mastication, breakdown of food for digestion
30
Causes for missing permanent teeth
 
Decay, accident, impaction, congenital missing
31
Major sysmptom of TMJ
 
Pain in the TMJ
32
Thrush
 
Fungal infection
33
Squamous cell oral cancers make up what percentage of oral cancers
 
90%
34
Major contributors to oral cancers
 
Alcohol, smoking, snuff
35
Treatments for oral cancer
 
Radiation, surgery, Laser therapy, therapeutic irradiation
36
Main symptom for esophagitis
 
Burning chest pain (Hearburn)
37
Main culprit for gastritis
 
H Pylori
38
Barrett's Esophagus contributes to what in the proximal stomach
 
Gastric cancer
39
Length of Appendix
 
3 1/2 inches
40
Function of appendix
 
No known purpose
41
Appliance worn by people with hernia
 
Truss
42
Area of alimentary canal affected by Crohn's disease
 
any portion, from mouth to anus can become edematous and inflamed
43
Ulcerative Colitisi is a risk for what condition
 
Colon Cancer
44
Matin goal when treating gastroenteritis
 
Maintian hydration and electrolyte balance
45
Symptoms of intestinal obsturction
 
Pain, N/V, bloat, no passage of stool/gas, electrolyte imbalance, elevated WBC, hyperactive...
46
Site of colon for diverticulosis
 
Distal protion, Sigmoid
47
3rd leading cancer cuase of men and women
 
Colorectal cancer
48
Is peritonitis life threatening
 
Yes
49
Which sex experieces a higher incidence of Cirrhosis
 
Male
50
What is the incubation period for Hep A
 
15-50 Days
51
Four Fat Soluble vitamins
 
A, D, E, K
52
The alimentary canal process and transports?
 
Digestion
53
Function of teeth
 
Matication
54
Periodontitis/Periodontal Disease
 
Destruction of the gums and bone around a tooth
55
Pus-filled pocket surrounding root of tooth
 
Tooth Abscess
56
Symptoms Herpes Simplex
 
Blisters on lips, inside mouth, painful ulcers lasting hours to days
57
Symptoms Oral Cancer
 
White pathcy lesions, oral ulcesr that fail to heal
58

Causes for normal Esophageal reflux

 

Overeating, weight, pregnancy

59

Treatment for Esophagitis

 

Bland diet, strong antiacids

60

Cause of Hiatal Hernia

 

Upper portion of stomach protrudes through...

61

Mechanical bowel obstructiion, twisting of...

 

Volvulus

62

Short bowel syndrome interfers with the absorptin...

 

Nutrients, fluid, vitamins, and minerals

63

Celiac Disease

 

Disease of the small intestine: malabsorption,...

64

Med causes discoloration of teeth

 

Tetracycline

65

Antibacterial mouthwash precribed for gingivitis

 

Chlorhexidine (Periogard)

66

Oral Thrush is treated with what

 

Candida Albicans is treated with Nystatin

67

GERD is treated with

 

Omeprazole, cessation of smoking, elevating...

68

Do not use this drug with patients with Peptic...

 

Aleve

69

Peptic Ulcer is treated with

 

Nexium, Zantac, Tagament (Esomeprazole, Rantidine,...

70

Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis

 

Corticosteriods, Sulfasalazine, anticholinergic...

71

Treatment for Peritonitis

 

Broad spectrum antibiotics, parenteral electrolytes,...

72

Treatment for motion sickness

 

Dramamine, Dimenhydrinate

73

Hep A is transmitted

 

Fecal-oral, comtaminiated water, food, stools

74

Overuse of Broad-Spectrum antibiotics is seem...

 

Pseudomembranous entercolitis

75

Symtoms include biliary colic with radiating...

 

Cholelithiasis

76

Chronic Irreversible degeneration of the Liver

 

Cirrhosis

77

The Hepatitis is transmitted by blood and body...

 

B and C

78

Peritonitis in an inflamation of what

 

Serous Membrane that lines the abdomin

79

Mechanical bowel obstruction

 

Neoplasm, volvulus, intussusception, fecal...

80

4th leading cause of cancer deaths

 

Pancreatic

81

Gastritis

 

Allergic reaction, irritation from roods, mechanical...

82

Peridonitits

 

Cuase:Plaque biofilm, Contriburing factors:...

83

Barrett's esphagus

 

Treat for GERD, Endoscopic exam every 3 years,...

84

How does malocclusion present

 

Protrusion or recession of the jaw, crowded...

85

Untreated ginvigitis leads to what condition

 

Periodontitis

86

Symtoms of TMF

 

Pain in jaw worse by chewing, clicking sounds...

87

Aphthous Mouth Ulcer vs Cold Sore

 

trauma, stress, illnes vs Herpes simplex virus

88
Causes for GERD
 

Relaxation of esphogeal sphincter, hiatial...

89

Medication class for treating GERD

 

Antiacids, proton pum inhibitor

90

What does Helicobacter Pylori do 

 

H. Pylori causes gastric and peptic ulcers

91

Complications from Esphageal Varices

 

Rupture of the lining of the esophaus-hemorrhage,...

92

Endoscopy visulaizes what

 

Upper GI tract

93

Colonoscopy visualizes whatD

 

Colon

94

Initial symptoms of gastric cancer

 

vague digestive symptons, no pain

95

McBurney's Point

 

Point of tenederness in acute appendicitis

96

Strangulated hernia

 

bowel is trapped or twiested on itself at the...

97

Symptoms Ulcerative Colitis

 

Chronic inflamation of mucosa of rectum and...

98

Crohns Disease

 

Chronic inflammation of all layers of bowel...

99

Rx for Gastroenteritis

 

control symptoms, maintain fluid level and...

100

Functional Intestinal obstruction

 

Nonmechanical blockage, paralysis of the bowel...

101

Mechanical Intestinal obstruction

 

Tumors, foreign bodies, impaction, strictures,...

102

Diverticulosis vs Diverticulitis

 

Weak points in the muscular layer of the large...

103

Assessment for Colorectal Cancer

 

Hx/Px, stool specimens, barium enema, signmoidoscopy,...

104

Why do antibiotics cause Pseudomembranous entercoloitis

 

It destroys the natural protective intestinal...

105

S/S of Cirrhosis of the Liver

 

Loss of appetite, weight loss, nausea, vomiting,...

106

Biliary Colic vs Acute Pancreatitis

 

Colic: pain in epigastric or RUQ -radiating...

107

Causes of Pancreatitis

 

Alcohol, biliary tract disease, gallstones,...

108

Disorders of nutrition lead to

 

Malnutrition, malabsorption, food poisoning,...

109

Diagnostic criteria for Celiac Disease

 

Biopsy shows destruction of mucosal lining...

110

Most common bloodborne infection in US

 

HCV - Hepatits C Virus

111

Third most common site of cancer in men and...

 

Colorectal cancer

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