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Side ASide B
Outer section (cortex) of each adrenal gland; secretes cortisol, aldosterone and sex hormones.
Inner section (medulla) of each adrenal gland; secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine.
Located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg production and estrogen and progesterone...
Located behind the stomach.
Four small glands on the posterior of the thyroid gland.
pituitary gland (hypophysis)
Located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica; composed of an anterior lobe (adenohyophysis)...
Two glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male.
Located in the neck on either side of the trachea; secretes thyroxine.
Secreted by the adrenal medulla; increased heart rate and blook pressure.
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis); also called adrenocorticotropin. ...
Secreted by the adrenal cortex; increase salt (sodium) reabsorption.
Male hormone secreted by the testes and to a lesser extent by the adrenal cortex
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland (neurophpopphysis) ADH (vasopressin)...
Secreted by the thyroid gland; decreases blood calcium levels.
Secreted by te adrenal cortex; increases blood sugar. It is secreted in times of stress...
Secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure and dilates airways...
Estrogen (female hormone) secreted by the ovaries.
Female hormone secreted by the ovaries and to a lesser estent by the adrenal cortex.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland adenohypophysis).
Secreted by alpha islet cells of the pancreas; increases blood sugar by conversion of glycogen...
growth hormone (GH); somatotropin
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis); stimulates growth of...
Secreted by beta islet cells of the pancreas. Insulin lowers blood sugar by transport...
luteinizing hormone (LH)
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone...
Secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure.
Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates contraction of the uterus...
Secreted by the parathyroid glands; increases blood calcium.
Secreted by the ovaries; prepares the uterus for pregnancy.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland promotes milk secretion.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; growth hormone.
Male hormone secreted by the testes.
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH); thyrotropin
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; TSH acts on the thyroid gland to promote...
Secreted by the thyroid gland; also called tetraiodothyronine. T4 increases...
Secreted by the thyroid gland; T3 increases metabolism in cells.
Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Hormones derived from an amino acid and secreted by the adrenal medulla. Epinephrine...
Hormones (steroids) produced by the adrenal cortex. Examples are cortisol (raises...
Mineral salt found in the blood and tissues and necessary for proper functioning of cells;...
Steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; regulares glucose, fat, and protein metabolism. ...
Tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal environment.
Substance, secreted by an endocrine gland, that travels through the blood to a distant organ...
Region of the brain lying below the thalamus and above the pituitary grland. It secretes...
Steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex to regulate meineral salts (electrolytes) and...
Cellular or nuclear protein that binds to a hormone so that a response can be elicited.
Cavity in the skull that contains the pituitary gland.
Steroids (androgens and estrogens) produced by the adrenal cortex to influence male and female...
Complex substance related to fats (derived from a sterol, such as cholesterol), and of which...
Pertaining to mimicking or copying the effect of the sympathetic nervous system. Adrenaline...
Cells of an organ that are affected or stimulated by specific hormones.