EMT-I Drug List

72 cards

These Are Flashcards To Help Students Learn All Of The Drugs That EMT-I Pre-hospital Professionals May Use In The Field.


 
  
Created Sep 29, 2009
by
ssbrady

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
What is the adult dose for activated carbon?
 
50g
2
What is the pediatric dose for activated carbon?
 
1g/kg
3
What are the contraindications for activated carbon?
 
Poisonings due to methanol, caustic acids and alkalis, iron tablets and lithium.  Do not...
4
What is the route for activated carbon?
 
Oral
5
How is activated carbon supplied?
 
Fine black powder in 25g and 50g.
6
What is the adult dose for atropine for bradycardia?
 
0.5-1.0mg
7
What is the adult dose for atropine for bradyasystolic?
 
1mg IVP
8
What is the pediatric dose for atropine?
 
0.02mg/kg IV
9
What are the contraindications for atropine?
 
None in an emergency
10
What does atropine do?
 
Increases heart rate and cardiac output.  Bradysystolic arrest, asystole, PEA.
11
How is atropine supplied?
 
1mg/10ml pre-filled syringe
12
What is the adult dose for albuterol?
 
2.5mg in 2.5 to 3.0ml NS.
13
What is the pediatric dose for albuterol?
 
0.15mg/kg in 2.5-3.0ml NS.
14
What are the contraindications for albuterol?
 
Hypersensitivity
15
What is the route for albuterol?
 
Inhalation
16
What does albuterol treat?
 
Bronchospasm associated with reversible obstructive airway disease (e.g. Asthma, Bronchitis,...
17
How is albuterol supplied?
 
Metered-dose Inhaler, bottles of 0.5% solution for use in nebulizer.
18
What is the adult dose for baby aspirin?
 
324mg (4 tablets)
19
What is the pediatric dose for baby aspirin?
 
Not recommended in children.
20
What are the contraindications for baby aspirin?
 
Hypersensitivity, bleeding disorders, Von Willebrand's disease.
21
How is baby aspirin administered?
 
Orally
22
What does baby aspirin treat?
 
Chest pain from MI, prevent thrombosis, reduce risk of heart attack. Lowers threshold for shock,...
23
How is baby aspirin supplied?
 
81mg tablets.
24
What is the adult dosage for D50?
 
25g
25
What is the pediatric dosage for D50?
 
2ml/kg of a 25% solution.
26
When should you not give D50?
 
Intracranial bleed.
27
How is D50 given?
 
IV push
28
What does D50 do?
 
Increases blood sugar level in hypoglycemia.
29
How is D50 supplied?
 
Pre-filled syringes containing 50ml of 50% dextrose (25g).
30
What is the adult dosage for Epi 1:1000?
 
0.3mg-0.5mg SQ
31
What is the pediatric dosage for Epi 1:1000?
 
0.01mg/kg SQ
32
What are the contraindications for giving Epi 1:1000?
 
Hypersensitivity
33
How is Epi 1:1000 given?
 
SQ
34
What does Epi 1:1000 treat?
 
Anaphylaxis, asthma, vasoconstrictor, bronchodialator.
35
How is Epi 1:000 supplied?
 
Ampules of 1mg epinephrine in 1ml solution.
36
What is the adult dosage for Epi 1:10,000?
 
1mg for cardiac arrest every 3-5 minutes.
37
What is the pediatric dosage for Epi 1:10,000?
 
0.01mg/kg for cardiac arrest every 5 minutes.
38
How can Epi 1:10,000 be administered?
 
IV, IO ,ET
39
What does Epi 1:10,000 treat?
 
Cardiac arrest, vasoconstrictor, bronchodialator.
40
How is Epi 1:10,000 supplied?
 
Pre-filled syringes containing 1mg epinephrine in 10ml solution.
41
What is the adult dosage for Glucagon?
 
1mg SQ or IM.  0.25mg-0.5mg IV. Takes 5-20 minutes to work.  2nd dose may be given.
42
What is the pediatric dose for Glucagon?
 
0.5mg in children under 25kg (55lbs).
43
What are the contraindications for Glucagon?
 
Hypersensitivity
44
Why is Glucagon given?
 
To treat hypoglycemia when an IV cannot be established.
45
How is glucagon supplied?
 
Vials containing 1mg or 10mg of powder with distilled solution.
46
What is the adult dosage for lidocaine?
 
50mg-100mg (1.0-1.5mg/kg) IV Push repeated 3-5min. Infusion of 2-4mg/min (30cc/hr).
47
What is the pediatric dosage for lidocaine?
 
1mg/kg repeated 10-15min.
48
What are the contraindications for lidocaine?
 
Allergic to lidocaine or local anesthetics, 2nd-3rd degree heart block, sinus bradycardia,...
49
How is lidocaine given?
 
IV Bolus or infusion, ET
50
What does lidocaine do?
 
Prevents V-fib in acute MI, recurrence of V-fib. To treat V-tach.  Shockable rhythm.
51
How is lidocaine supplied?
 
Pre-filled syringes 100mg in 5ml (20mg/ml) vials of 1-2g, pre-mixed bags of 2g/500ml (4mg/ml).
52
What is the adult dosage for morphine?
 
2-5mg.
53
What is the pediatric dosage for morphine?
 
Not indicated for pediatric use.
54
What are the contraindications for morphine?
 
Hypersensitivity, emotional instability, drug abuse, head injury, increased intracranial pressure,...
55
What are the routes for morphine?
 
IV, IM
56
What does morphine do when given IV or IM?
 
Reduces severe pain when transport is greater than 15 minutes.
57
How is morphine supplied?
 
2-10mg/ml syringes.
58
What is the adult dosage for narcan?
 
0.4-2mg titrated (slowly).
59
What is the pediatric dosage for narcan?
 
0.01mg/kg.
60
What are the contraindications for narcan?
 
None
61
How is narcan given?
 
IV, IM, SQ, IO
62
What does narcan do?
 
To treat known narcotic overdose or coma suspected to be due to narcotic overdose.
63
How is narcan supplied?
 
In vials of 1ml containing 0.4mg and multidose vials of 10ml of 0.4mg.ml for adult use and...
64
What is the adult dosage for nitroglycerin?
 
0.4mg repeated every 5 minutes.  3 doses maximum.
65
What is the pediatric dosage for nitroglycerin?
 
Not indicated.
66
What are the contraindications for giving nitroglycerin?
 
Increased intracranial pressue, glaucoma, hypotension, hypovolemia, hiccups or epigastric distress...
67
How is nitroglycerin given?
 
Sublingually.
68
What does nitroglycerin do?
 
Relieves the pain of angina. Vasodialator.
69
How is nitroglycerin supplied?
 
Ointments, tablets, capsules, spray, or patches.  Tablets preferred.
70
What is the adult and pediatric dosage for O2?
 
15L/min NRB or blowby.
71
How is O2 given?
 
By inhalation.
72
What does O2 do?
 
Condition of global or local hypoxemia may be present.

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel