Economics - Chapter 7

27 cards

Chapter 7. Producers in the Short Run.


 
  
Created Mar 21, 2011
by
scapeghost

 

 
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1
single proprietorship
 
a firm that has one owner who is personally responsible for the firm's actions and debts
2
ordinary partnership
 
a firm that has two or more joint owners, each of whom is personally responsible for the firm's...
3
limited partnership
 
a firm that has two classes of owners: general partners, who take part in managing the firm...
4
corporation
 
a firm that has legal existence separate from that of the owners
5
state-owned enterprise
 
a firm that is owned by the government. in Canada, these are called crown corporations
6
non-profit organizations
 
firms that provide goods and services with the objective of just covering their costs. these...
7
multinatinal enterprises (MNEs)
 
firms that have operations in more than one country
8
dividends
 
profits paid out to shareholders of corporation
9
bond
 
a debt instrument carrying a specified amount, a schedule of interest payments, and (usually)...
10
intermediate products
 
all outputs that are used as inputs by other producers in a further stage of production
11
economic profits
 
the difference between the revenues received from the sale of output and the opportunity cost...
12
short run
 
a period of time in which the quantity of some inputs cannot be increased beyond the fixed...
13
fixed factor
 
an input whose quantity cannot be changed in the short run
14
variable factor
 
an input whose quantity can be changed over the time period under consideration
15
long run
 
a period of time in which all inputs may be varied, but the existing technology of production...
16
very long run
 
a period of time that is long enough for the technological possibilities available to a firm...
17
total product (TP)
 
total amount produced by a firm during some time period
18
average product (AP)
 
total product divided by the number of units of variable factor used in its production
19
marginal product (MP)
 
the change in total output that results from using one more unit of a variable factor
20
law of diminishing returns
 
the hypothesis that if increasing quantities of a variable factor are applied to a given quantity...
21
total cost (TC)
 
the total cost of producing any given level of output; it can be divided into total fixed cost...
22
total fixed cost (TFC)
 
all costs of production that do not vary with the level of output
23
total variable cost (TVC)
 
total costs of production that vary directly with the level of output
24
average total cost (ATC)
 
total cost of producing a given output divided by the number of units of output; it can also...
25
average fixed cost (AFC)
 
total fixed costs divided by the number of units of output
26
average variable cost (AVC)
 
total variable costs divided by the number of units of output
27
marginal cost (MC)
 
the increase in total cost resulting from increasing output by one unit

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