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Drama Keywords


Drama
  
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W. I. Thompson
 
A researcher that studied tribes universally. He said in every tribe their are four functionaries, a headman, a hunter, a shaman and a clown.
Headman
 
Leader, Chief, ensures the survival of the tribe
Hunter
 
Strength, the ability to use weapons, ensure the survival and safety of the tribe
Shaman
 
the ability to perform rituals, communicate with religious spirits who govern the tribe, responsible for communicating with the supernatural
Clown
 
to entertain at the expense of others and himself
Myth
 
In this context it means a sacred history of the people. How people began and how they go to where they were from to now. It doesn't have to be true but people must believe it to be true.
Ritual
 
Performed same way time and time again. When it comes to the shaman protecting the tribe. Communal vision. Execution of myth. It bring people who have shared beliefs together
Joseph Campbell
 
Prolific writer. Many books about stories and tribes. In his research he discovered that myths and stories of tribes can fall into one out of three categories. They are pleasure, power, and duty.
Pleasure
 
About things that give people pleasure. There were many stories about love, sex, and shelter.
Power
 
Stories that brand tribe, shaman, clown, gods as best.
Duty
 
Stories about ones duty to tribe and gods.
Sympathetic Magic
 
You do something to get or avoid something.
Superstition
 
belief in the supernatural happenings
Institutionalization
 
Thompson discovered that when a tribe is secure enough the functionaries into institutions. These various institutions check each other.
Headman - GovernmentClown - The ArtsHunter - ArmyShaman - Religion
Egypt
 
When the Hierarchy of Needs is applied to Egypt we can see the reason why theatre didn't develop there. We first fulfill our basic physical needs and then the higher order of needs such as the theatre.
Pyramid Texts
 
2800BC - 2400BC Performed by the Shamans and it was concerned with birth, death, and rebirth. This is not theatre but ritual behavior.
Memphite Drama
 
2500 BC May have been performed by priests on the first day of spring. birth, death, and rebirth.
Abydos Passion Play
 
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