Diagnostic Procedures

64 cards

diagnostic pr ocedures


 
  
Created Feb 21, 2011
by
almnw08

 

 
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1
A portion of a well-mixed sample removed for testing is a(n):
 
aliquot
2
A term used to describe a blood sample in which the red blood cells have ruptured is:
 
hemolyzed
3
Which of the following is not a responsibility of the medical assistant to the clinical...
 
interrupting abnormal results and providing diagnosis to patients
4
Decreased hemoglobin levels are seen in which of the following illnesses?
 
both A and C: iron-deficiency and cirrhosis of the liver
5
______involves the study of bacteria, fungi, yeasts, parasites, and viruses.
 
Microbiology
6
The act passed by Congress to establish quality standards for all laboratory testing is referred...
 
CLIA
7
Categories of tests performed in the clinical laboratory are assigned by the FDA on the basis...
 
potential risk to public health
8
Laboratory tests performed in a physician's office are most likely to be categorized as:
 
both A and B: waived and moderate-complexity
9
Which of the following is not a waived test?
 
Gram staining
10
A blood culture and sensitivity (C&S) test is most likely performed in which division of...
 
Microbiology
11
You are preparing a chemical hygiene plan for your employer and need copies of the material...
 
the manufacturer of the product
12
In the identification system of the National Fire Association,the white diamond indicates:
 
special hazards of the chemical
13
Which of the following is most likely to prevent the spread of infection in a laboratory?
 
washing your hands
14
The pledge of healthcare professionals to work to achieve the highest degree of excellence...
 
quality assurance
15
The most common temperature for an incubator in the microbiology laboratory is:
 
37 degress C
16
You are required to transfer 10mL of urine from a 24-hour specimen into a special tube to be...
 
use a graduated cylinder to measure the urine, then pour it into the tube
17
Pipets used to prepare reagents include:
 
all of the above: serologic, graduated, volumetric
18
Which of the following is most accurate to measure 500mL?
 
500-mL volumetric flask 
19
The ocular of the microscopic generally magnifies the image:
 
10 times
20
The microscopic component that directs the light up through the stage is the:
 
condenser
21
When the 40x objective is in place on the microscope, the total magnification of the specimen...
 
400x
22
Immersion oil can be used with which of the following objective lenses of the microscope?
 
100x
23
A centrifuge is used to seperate:
 
all of the above: liquids from solids, blood cells from serum or plasma, crystals from urine
24
Balancing a centrifuge requires that all tubes in the load:
 
all of the above:have an equal amt of liquid of the same viscosity, are of equal size and shape,...
25
Preventing aerosolization in a centrifuge can be accomplished by ensuring that:
 
the tubes are tightly capped
26
An autoclave can best be compared with a(n):
 
pressure cooker
27
The word autoclaved appears on special tape used in an autoclave only if the temp...
 
121 degrees C
28
A medical assistant instructs a pt to collect a 1st morning specimen for which of the following...
 
all of the above: pregnancy testing, culture for bacteriuria, quantitative protein determination 
29
The recommended specimen for estradiol (a female hormone) testing on urine is most likely a...
 
24-hour
30
If a urine specimen cannot be analyzed within 2-hours, the best course of action is to:
 
refrigerate the specimen
31
You return from your lunch break to find that several specimens are waiting in the refigerator...
 
precipitated amorphous urate crystals
32
Which of the following is mismatched concerning urine color and the likely pathologic...
 
reddish brown: diabetes
33
Urine with suspected high levels of which substance should be stored in a dark place before...
 
bilirubin
34
If you fail to refrigerate a urine sample for an extended period of time before testing, which...
 
pH
35
When instructing a female pt for a clean-catch midstream urine specimen, how many antiseptic...
 
three
36
The normal volume of urine produced by an adult in a 24-hour period generally does not exceed:
 
2 L
37
The physical assessment of a urine sample reveals clear, pale, straw-colored urine...
 
diabetes mellitus
38
The specific gravity of a urine specimen reads 1.035. This value is considered to be:
 
abnormally high
39
You open a urine sample for testing and immediately detect a fruity odor. Which test do you...
 
ketones
40
On chemical analysis a urine specimen from a female with a urinary tract infection most likely...
 
increased pH, increased nitrite, increased leukocyte esterase
41
One of the 1st detectable signs of renal disease is:
 
proteinuria
42
One of the 1st detectable signs of liver disease is:
 
bilirubinuria
43
Which of the following is always present in a small quantityin normal urine?
 
urobilinogen
44
A urine specimen is tested and shown to have a pH of 8.0. This value is:
 
normal
45
The cell most likely seen in normal specimen is:
 
squamous epithelial cell
46
In the microscopic observation of urine sediment, yeast most resemble:
 
red blood cells
47
Casts in the urine sediment are best observed with the:
 
10x objective with decreased illumination 
48
A urine pregnancy test result is positive:
 
from implantation of the fertilized egg through delivery 
49
Which of the following is a tubular structure found in urine and composed mainly of mucoprotein...
 
casts
50
Urine from a child with a musty smell most likely has a diagnosis of:
 
PKU
51
______includes the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine.
 
urinalysis
52
The clinical _______ department analyzes blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), urine, and joint...
 
chemistry
53
________is the single most important way to prevent the spread of infection.
 
handwashing
54
________on swabs, tubes, transport media, and other collection containers should be checked...
 
expiration dates
55
The stepwise method used to collect, process, and test a specimen used as evidence in a legal...
 
chain of custody
56
An order found on a laboratory requisition indicating that the test mus be done immediately...
 
STAT
57
_______ casts are not uncommon in the urine of athletes.
 
hyaline
58
A red blood cell seen in urine sediment that has scalloped, leaflike edges is termed ______.
 
crenated
59
The sugar most commonly found in urine is _______.
 
glucose
60
The pigment _______ is responsible for the color of urine.
 
urochrome
61
A random sample may contain blood from vaginal contamination if the woman is _______.
 
menstruating
62
When a woman enters menopause, the ovaries stop producing eggs and levels of ______ increase.
 
FSH
63
The most reliable test for detecting bladder cancer is a _______, but itis invasive.
 
cystoscopy
64
_______is the study of poisonous substances and their effects on the body. 
 
toxicology


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