FSHN 120 Final..

FSHN 120 Final.. Vfsfsdfds
  
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Which isn’t a primary function of dietary protein?
 
a. serving as a primary source of energy for the body
laurens friend says take VC before undergoing oral surgery. Lauren is concerned about consuming to much? Which determines highest amount of supplement that would be safe for her?
 
UL
Set of principles developed by usda and usdhhs to help reduce the risk of developing chronic disease
 
Dash Diet

Jack requires 2800 kilocalories to support total energy needs. Even though jack likes many food and makes it a point to try new things, he consumes only 1600 kilo what is he missing
 
adequacy
All are benefits of moderate alcohol intake except
 
Increase in HDL Cholesterol Levels

Which are carbohydrate rich food
 
Wheats and Lentils
Distance a typical food travles from farm to table is
 
1500-2500
AMDR what percent of your daily calories should be from carbs
 
45-65
Hunger is __ compared to appetite
 
Physiological drive for a non specific food
Immediately after absorption most of the fat soluble nutrients are carriecd through the__________ circulatory system
 
Lymphatic
Ur gma has just got diabetes 2 which if the following professionals can help her plan her diet
 
RD
In the US how many foods account for over 90% of all documented food allergies
 
8

A disease that is directly caused by nutritional deficiency
 
Pellegra
When blood leaves small I, it is routed directly through the portal vein the
 
Liver
What is primary cause of peptic ulcers?
 
Heliobacter pylori bacteria
Which is not an assumed benefit of a local food system
 
The food is grown on a organic farm
Describe process in which foods are broken down into their component molecules is
 
Digestion
Most energy dense?
 
Fat
Lactose intolerance is caused by
 
An insufficient production of the enzyme lactase
Dr. Copperband, which of the following is not an element of a community food system?
 
Organic vegetables CSA programs
Nutrients are how many classes
 
6
In Il which of the following best describes the distance from which a food might come and be defined as part of a local food system
 
From anywhere in the state of illinois
Which is modifiable risk for cardiovascular disease
 
Being overweight
Carbs protein=4 Fat=9 Alcohol=7
 
54%
RDA
 
The Average daily nutrient intake level that meets the nutrients requirements of 97% to 98% of healthy people
AMDR
 
Recommended range of caloric intakes for the energy-yielding nutrients
EER
 
Average energy intake recommended for energy balance in healthy adults
AI
 
When an RDA has yet to be established, this daily nutrient value serves as the recommended adequate intake level
DRI
 
An updated set of nutritional reference values that apply to healthy people
Small inte digestion and absorlarge water is storedliver largest gi tract
 
d
Saturated fats are found in
 
Whole milk and Beef
5-? Percent of our total energy output is attributed to the thermic effect of food
 
10
where in the body are triglycerides stored for future energy needs
 
Adipose tissue
Improve blood lipid profile
 
Lower intake of sat fat and trans
Which is false?
 
HCL inhibits the digestion of fat so it does not compete with protein digestion
Major monosach in body?
 
Glucose
RDA of 19yr or older kid
 
50 Grams
Ketosis
 
a diet that contains insufficient carbohydrate
1 pound of body fat = how many calories
 
3500
carlos is a healthy 19 year old college student who is sedentary. 5 foot 11 weights 175 lbs. how masny grams of protein whould u recommend him
 
84
a complete protein
 
has all 9 amino acids
body fat range for women
 
21-35
what element makes protein different from carb and fat
 
nitrogen
Insulin cant be taken orally b/c
 
Insulin is a protein and would be broken down by digestive tract uf taken orally
What is most important for weight loss
 
calories
Which of the following fatty acids is generally solid at room temp
 
Saturated
Complete protein from a plant source
 
soybeans
Which would alert you to the likely presence of trans fatty acids in a product
 
partially hydro veg oil
3 components of total energy expenditure include
 
basal, physical act, thermic affect of food
major form of fat in both food and body is
 
triglycerides
preferred fuels form most body functions
 
Carbs and fat
complex carbohydrates refers to
 
polysach
which of the following is true about protein intake for athletes
 
most athletes who eat variety will meet their needs
which is not major function of protein in human body
 
maintain fluid balance
highest sat fats
 
Butter
Joseph plays basketball for his high school team and he is concerned that he us not consuming enough kilocalories to support his activity. Which is best indicator that he isn’t consuming adequate kilocalories
 
His performance has been impaired
storach of glucose in animals fond in the liver and skeletal muscle is
 
gylcogen
at rest the body’s fuel source is
 
fat
yesterday nadia consumed 250 grams of carbohydrates
 
15%
Why are phospholipids not an essential nutrient
 
Beneficial GI bacteria produce them
Egg whites stiffen when they are whipped. The change that occurs in the protein is called
 
Denaturation
All of the following would be good advise for someone who is trying to gain weight except
 
Dont exercise
Which of the following conditions is not associated with untreaed diabetes
 
osteo
AMDR for fat is what range
 
20-35
A grocery store strategy to reduce risk of food borne illness
 
Shop Periphery last
Folate defiency during pregnancy is
 
Neural tube defects
Major dietary source of iodine is
 
Iodize table salt
Which fatty acid is critical to fetal brain and eye development
 
DHA
Which of the following is false regarding calcium needs during pregnancy
 
Extra demand for calcium during pregnancy has been shown to cause bone demineralization and increase the risk of future fractures
Why folate is critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo
 
proper cell division
Trace Mineral
 
Iron
which is false regarding fat soluble vitamins
 
fat soluble vitamins need to be consumed on a daily basis
toxicity of folate can disguise a true deficiency of ___ resulting in nerve damage
 
b12
Research studies suggest that diets rich in viatamin d are associated with a lower risk of developing
 
Colon Cancer
Major mineral
 
Sodium
Hyponatremia is associated with
 
insufficient sodium
Deficiencies of fat soluble vitamins are sometimes seen in people who
 
Malabsorption disorder
On average which of the following indiv would have the highest percent of body weight
 
35-year-old lean man
greatest risk of toxicity
 
A and D
primary role of b vitamins
 
act as coenzymes
normal weight woman should gain approx 25 to __ during preg
 
35
which minerals absorption is enhanced greatly by VC
 
Iron
Not a benefit of breastfeeding?
 
the fat in breast milk is difficult for the infant to digest
water toxic are rarely toxic
 
!
Athletes are more lilely to develop heat illness on
 
hot and humid days
Which of these nutrients are destroyed by exposure of light
 
riboflavin
Bonita notices that her urine
 
she is suffering from severe dehydration and medical attention
Recommended weight gain during pregnancy is based on the
 
Mothers weight before pregnancy
Sodium and potassium
 
fluid balance
Primary system of niacin toxicity
 
flushing
Good source of riboflavin include
 
Milk meat green vegis
Phospourous is especially abundant in foods dense in
 
Protein
d
 
d
d
 
d
d
 
d

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