Developmental Psych Exam #1 Chapter 1

30 cards

Developmental Psych test on Chapters 1-2, and 4-7. The test is on Wednesday, Feb. 24th, 2010.


 
  
Created Feb 20, 2010
by
meyesa06

 

 
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1
Chapter 1: Introduction to Developmental Psychology 
 
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2
What is Developmental Psychology?
 
It is the scientific study of how and why people change over time as well as how and why they...
3
3 Domains of Change
 
1. Biosocial  - Changes in Brain2. Cognitive - Changes in Thinking3. Psychosocial - Interrelations...
4
Biosocial Development
 
Includes all the growth and change that occur in person's body and the genetic nutritional,...
5
Cognitive Development
 
Includes all the mental processes that a person uses to obtain knowledge or to think about...
6
Psychosocial Development
 
Includes development of emotions, temperament, and social skills. Family friends, the community,...
7
Five Characteristics of Development
 
1. Multidirectional2. Multicontextual3. Multicultural4. Multidisciplinary5. Plasticity
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Multidirectional
 
Change occurs in every direction, not always in a straight line. Gains and losses, predictable...
9
Multicontexual
 
Human lives are embedded in many contexts, including historical conditions, economic constraints,...
10
Multicultural
 
Many cultures - not just between nations but also within them - affect how people develop. 
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Multidisciplinary
 
Numerous academic fields - especially psychology, biology, education, and sociology but also...
12
Plasticity
 
Every individual, and every trait within each individual, can be altered at any point in the...
13
Hypothetico-Deductive Method
 
How Science tries to answer questions.   Theory - Hypothesis - Data - Conclusions. 
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General Scientific Methods
 
1. Observational2. Correlational3. Experimental
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Observational 
 
1. Naturalistic (Field Study): Observing a subject in natural environment, as little interaction...
16
Correlational
 
Describes the relationship between two variables. Does not prove that one variable causes another.
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Experimental
 
A researcher manipulates one variable to determine if it has an effect on another variable...
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Independent Variable
 
The manipulated variable
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Dependent Variable
 
Hypothesis: To be affected by the Independent variable
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Experimental Group
 
Those getting the treatment/ method of focused concentration
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Control Group
 
Same conditions except for the treatment. 
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Random Assignment
 
Cannot have a true experiment without having subjects being randomly assigned to either groups. 
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Reliability 
 
A task that is dependably consistent. 
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Validity
 
 Task that measures what it is supposed to measure. Accuracy Valid test must be reliable,...
25
Longitudinal Design
 
A group of subjects is tested across time. The experiment must remain consistent. Example:...
26
Weaknesses of Longitudinal design
 
Mortality, attrition - they dropped out of the program, Cohort effect - refers to people born...
27
Cross-Sectional Design
 
Different groups of people are studied at the same time, such as different age groups. 
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Weaknesses of Cross-Sectional Design
 
Cannot look at change across time. Can get the cohort effect
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Longitudinal-Sequential (Cross-Sequential)
 
Mix between the two. Different cohorts across time.Compare cohorts at the same time in their...
30
Weaknesses of Longitudinal-Sequential
 
You need to have the same test subjects and it is a long period of time. Mortality and attrition. 

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