Criminology

44 cards

Chapter 5


 
  
Created Mar 19, 2011
by
lola55

 

 
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1
An early form of English government that divided communities into groups of 10 men who were...
 
Frankpledge System
2
In early England, the alarm that citizens were required to raise on the witness or discovery...
 
Hue and Cry
3
The head of a group of 10 men who served as an administrator and judge.
 
Hundred-Man
4
The head of the law enforcement for large district in Early England in the modern United States...
 
Constable (comes stabuli)
5
An early England system overseen by the constable in which a watchman guarded a city's town...
 
Watch and Ward System
6
The shire reeve led the English shire's military forces and judged cases.
 
Sheriff
7
A police organization created circa 1748 by magistrates Henry Fielding and Sir Jonh Fielding...
 
Bow Street Runners
8
A private police force created by the West India Trading Company in 1798 that represented the...
 
Thames River Police
9
Created in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel, the first successful bill to create a permanent, public...
 
Metropolitan Police Act
10
A slang term for the police force created in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel's metropolitan police...
 
Bobbies
11
It was not until ____ that the rural provinces were required to establish police forces.
 
1856
12
The english heritage contributed three enduring features to American policing
 
Limited Police Authority Local Control Fragmented System
13
There are more than _____ sepearte law enforcement agencies in the Unites States ranging from...
 
18,000
14
Law enforcement agencies are for the most part _____.
 
local, city or county institutions
15
The Unites States does not have a national police force. We do have many state and federal...
 
.
16
As imposed to the other countries in Europe, the _______of policing places a good deal of emphasis...
 
Anglo-American tradition
17
Informal policing began in New York City in _____, when the dutch settlement was called New...
 
1625
18
From 1609 to 1664 a group of men called the ______  ______, patrolled at night , carrying...
 
Ratte Watch
19
The city's first professional police force of 800 men was organized in ______.
 
1845
20
In an article titled Cops and Bobbies, 1830-1870 _____ _______ discussed how policing developed...
 
Wilber Miller
21
In _____ New York police officers were allowed to carry revolvers to protect themselves from...
 
1860
22
Chicago offcial police force was created around _____ and reorganized several times over the...
 
1855
23
Particulary in the ______ and ______the vigilante tradition was part of American life.
 
South and West
24
Formed civil services system that did away with patronage and administered employment and promotion...
 
Pendleton Civil Act (1883)
25
The work of August Vollmer, a police chief of Berkely California is a highlight of the reform...
 
Wickersham Commission report
26
__________ increased police efficiency by assigning officers based on the amount of reported...
 
Orlando W. Wilson
27
The most famous of the law enforcement administrators who championed professionalism was he...
 
J. Edgar Hoover.
28
Hoover built the FBI into one of the ________ in the world. Established in 1930's during the...
 
premier law enforcement agencies
29
The right and the power to commit an act or order others to commit an act.
 
Authority
30
Difference between police and military
 
Discretion, visability, and authority.
31
________ agencies have nationwide jurisdiction but concentrate on specific offenses.
 
Federal Law enforcement
32
There are ____ federal law enforcement agencies.
 
60
33
founded in 1870 the __________ is responsible for enforcing federal laws.
 
Department of Justice
34
established in 1789 ___________primarily enforces the collection of revenue.
 
Department of the Treasury
35
Created after Sept. 11, 2001 ___________ is the newest cabinet-level department.
 
Department of homeland security
36
__________ placed under homeland security, its mission has been expanded to include terroism.
 
Secret Services
37
All states have highway partols, except
 
Hawaii
38
_______ have statewide jurisdiction for investigating criminal offenses- such as political...
 
State investigative bureaus.
39
Most of the nations crime is handled by _______
 
local law enforcement agencies
40
most local police forcews are operated by _________
 
municipalities.
41
There are about 13,000 local police departments un the U.S. and the largfest is the _________
 
New York police department
42
_____ OFFICES ARE THE MOST COMMON FORM OF COUNTY LAW ENFORCEMENT IN THE U.S. WITH ABOUT 3100...
 
SHERIFF
43
THE ____________ GREW OUT OF THE FBI'S COMBINED DNA INDEX SYSTEM.
 
NATIONAL DNA INDEX SYSTEM
44
MAKING GEOGRAPHICAL MAPS WHERE OFFENSES OCCUR AND WHERE SUSPECTS AND OFFENDERS LIVE IS NOT...
 
CRIME MAPPING


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