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Criminology


Chapter 5
  
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An early form of English government that divided communities into groups of 10 men who were responsible for the group's conduct and ensured that a memeber charged with breaking the law appeared in court.
 
Frankpledge System
In early England, the alarm that citizens were required to raise on the witness or discovery of a criminal offense.
 
Hue and Cry
The head of a group of 10 men who served as an administrator and judge.
 
Hundred-Man
The head of the law enforcement for large district in Early England in the modern United States a _____ serves areas such as rural townships and is usually elected.
 
Constable (comes stabuli)
An early England system overseen by the constable in which a watchman guarded a city's town gates at night.
 
Watch and Ward System
The shire reeve led the English shire's military forces and judged cases.
 
Sheriff
A police organization created circa 1748 by magistrates Henry Fielding and Sir Jonh Fielding whose member went on patrol, rahter than sitting at a designated post.
 
Bow Street Runners
A private police force created by the West India Trading Company in 1798 that represented the first professional, salaried police force in London.
 
Thames River Police
Created in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel, the first successful bill to create a permanent, public police force.
 
Metropolitan Police Act
A slang term for the police force created in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel's metropolitan police act, derived from Bob, the short form of Robert.
 
Bobbies
It was not until ____ that the rural provinces were required to establish police forces.
 
1856
The english heritage contributed three enduring features to American policing
 
Limited Police Authority Local Control Fragmented System
There are more than _____ sepearte law enforcement agencies in the Unites States ranging from federal (FBI) to state (highway patrol) to local (city police and county sheriff).
 
18,000
Law enforcement agencies are for the most part _____.
 
local, city or county institutions
The Unites States does not have a national police force. We do have many state and federal law enforcement agencies, but they are not like the national police forces found in many parts of the world.
 
.
As imposed to the other countries in Europe, the _______of policing places a good deal of emphasis on the rights and liberites of the individual.
 
Anglo-American tradition
Informal policing began in New York City in _____, when the dutch settlement was called New Amsterdam.
 
1625
From 1609 to 1664 a group of men called the ______ ______, patrolled at night , carrying out loud rattles to raise an alarm if anything was amiss.
 
Ratte Watch
The city's first professional police force of 800 men was organized in ______.
 
1845
In an article titled Cops and Bobbies, 1830-1870 _____ _______ discussed how policing developed along different lines in London and New York.
 
Wilber Miller
In _____ New York police officers were allowed to carry revolvers to protect themselves from heavily armed offenders.
 
1860
Chicago offcial police force was created around _____ and reorganized several times over the next six decades until 1913.
 
1855
Particulary in the ______ and ______the vigilante tradition was part of American life.
 
South and West
Formed civil services system that did away with patronage and administered employment and promotion based on merit rather than political connections.
 
Pendleton Civil Act (1883)
The work of August Vollmer, a police chief of Berkely California is a highlight of the reform movement. In 1931 he wrote the ___________ report which set the police reform agenda for the rest of the century.
 
Wickersham Commission report
__________ increased police efficiency by assigning officers based on the amount of reported crime and call services.
 
Orlando W. Wilson
The most famous of the law enforcement administrators who championed professionalism was he Federal Bureau of Investigation's ________.
 
J. Edgar Hoover.
Hoover built the FBI into one of the ________ in the world. Established in 1930's during the Great Depression.
 
premier law enforcement agencies
The right and the power to commit an act or order others to commit an act.
 
Authority
Difference between police and military
 
Discretion, visability, and authority.
________ agencies have nationwide jurisdiction but concentrate on specific offenses.
 
Federal Law enforcement
There are ____ federal law enforcement agencies.
 
60
founded in 1870 the __________ is responsible for enforcing federal laws.
 
Department of Justice
established in 1789 ___________primarily enforces the collection of revenue.
 
Department of the Treasury
Created after Sept. 11, 2001 ___________ is the newest cabinet-level department.
 
Department of homeland security
__________ placed under homeland security, its mission has been expanded to include terroism.
 
Secret Services
All states have highway partols, except
 
Hawaii
_______ have statewide jurisdiction for investigating criminal offenses- such as political corruption in which local police might not be in a postion to investigate their local bosses.
 
State investigative bureaus.
Most of the nations crime is handled by _______
 
local law enforcement agencies
most local police forcews are operated by _________
 
municipalities.
There are about 13,000 local police departments un the U.S. and the largfest is the _________
 
New York police department
_____ OFFICES ARE THE MOST COMMON FORM OF COUNTY LAW ENFORCEMENT IN THE U.S. WITH ABOUT 3100 OFFICES.
 
SHERIFF
THE ____________ GREW OUT OF THE FBI'S COMBINED DNA INDEX SYSTEM.
 
NATIONAL DNA INDEX SYSTEM
MAKING GEOGRAPHICAL MAPS WHERE OFFENSES OCCUR AND WHERE SUSPECTS AND OFFENDERS LIVE IS NOT A PARTICULARY NEW TECHNIQUE.
 
CRIME MAPPING

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