Criminal Justice Chap 6


Chapter 6 Of Criminal Justice Textbook - Refer To Chap 5 Set (criminal Justice)
  
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For most people the only personal experience they have with the criminal justice process is contact with a:

-federal police officer
-courtroom
-correctional institution
-local police officer
 
local police officer
Your textbook describes four characteristics that generally define the role of the police. Three are listed below. Which one is not described in your textbook?

-the police perform ongoing educational roles within the community
-the police are community leaders in public safety
-the police occasionally serve in a hostile or dangerous environment.
-the police solve sociological and technological problems for people on a short term basis
 
the police perform ongoing educational roles in the community
In 2002 how many police officers were feloniously killed in the line of duty?

-0
-22
-56
-142
 
142
John Broderick classified police officers by their degree of commitment to maintaining order and their respect for due process. Three of these classifications are listed below. Which one does not belong?

-enforcers
-idealists
-punishers
-optimists
 
punishers
Which of the following is unquestionably the most time consuming and resource intensive task of any police agency?

-patrol
-investigation
-dna profiling
-field interrogation
 
patrol
patrols that are systematically unsystematic and observant in an attempt to both deter and ferret out crime on their beats are known as random or ___ patrol.

-foot
-directed
-preventive
-aggressive
 
preventive
In ___ patrol, officers are gievn guidance on how to use their patrol time which is often based on the results of crime analyses that identify problem areas.

-directed
-preventive
-aggressive
-foot
 
directed
when an entire patrol section is instructed to make numerous traffic stops and field interrogations the practice is referred to as ____ patrol.

- foot
-aggressive
-directed
-preventive
 
aggressive
Your textbook names five roles thatinvestigators may play in a police department. Three are listed below. Which does not belong?

-investigators conducting background checks of applicants to the police department
-uniformed patrol officers investigating the crimes they have been dispatched to or have encountered on their own while on patrol
-uniformed police officers conducting field interrogations and other types of aggressive patrol
-internal affairs investigators conducting investigations of alleged crimed by police personnel.
 
-uniformed police officers conducting field interrogations and other types of aggressive patrol
Criminal investigation has been defined as a lawful search of people and things to achieve three of the following goals. Which of the following is not one of the goals of criminal investigation?

-apprehend or determine the guilty party
-reconstruct the circumstances of an illegal act
-aid in the states prosecution of the offender
0conduct preventive patrol to ferret out crime
 
conduct preventive patrol to ferret out crime
Police detective seem to have a number of advantages over patrol officers and the seven of these advantages are listed in your textbook. Three are listed below. Which is not one of these advantages?

-they have offices and desks
-they enjoy more freedom than patrol officers do from the police radio and geographical boundaries
-they often move on to patronage jobs
-in many agencies they receive higher compensation and hold a higher rank
 
they enjoy more freedom than patrol officers do from the police radio and geographical boundaries
Your textbook gives three reasons why despite low crime solving rates by detectives many police departments continue to employ them. Three are listed below. Which one does not belong?

-detectives have interrogation and case presentation skills that assist in prosecution.
-Detectives have wider jurisdiction than patrol officers do and can arrest and book some suspects that other police officers cannot.
-Law enforcement executives can assign detectives to a major, high profile case to demonstrate to the public that they are committing resources to the matter.
-Technical knowledge, such as knowing about burglary tools, does help in some investigations and prosecutions.
 
-Detectives have wider jurisdiction than patrol officers do and can arrest and book some suspects that other police officers cannot.
With dna profiling a unique profile can be derived from ____ found at the scene of a crime or on a victim.

-hair
-semen
-blood
-all of the above
 
all of the above
your textbook names three distinct fnctions of dna profiling. They are listed below. Which of the following is not one of these distinct functions

-collecting samples from all people at birth so that a complete dna database can be compiled
-clearing innocent people convicted of rape and murder years after they began serving their sentences
-linking or eliminating identified suspects to a crime
-identifying cold hits where a sample from a crime scene is matched against numerous cases in dna database and a positive match is made.
 
collecting samples from all people at birth so that a complete dna database can be compiled.
your textbook names three reasons why many victims of cybercrime fail to report these crimes to authroities. Which of the following is not one of the reasons listed in your textbook.

-the fear of being implicated in the crime
-the shame of not providing adequate security to protected trusted assets
-the fear of losing public confidence as a result of being a victim
-the attention to their vulnerability that a crime report would attract
 
the fear of being implicated in the crime
The knowledge to carry out a cybercrimes is readily available at hacker:

-chat rooms
-message boards
-web sites
-all of the above
 
all of the above
your textbook describes several ways in which cybercriminals can illegally access manipulate or steal computer data. Three of these ways are listed below. Which is not one of the ways listed in your textbook.

-cyber criminals can alter computer records at financial business and educational institutions.
-cybercriminals alter dna records, thus hampering and sometimes destroying criminal investigations
-cybercriminals often illegally enter computer systems and introduce viruses or worms.
-cyber criminals illegally transfer millions of dollars to thier accounts.
 
cybercriminals alter dna records, thus hampering and sometimes destryong criminal investigations
each year, nearly twice as many people are ___ as are ___

- killed in an automobile accidents; murdered
-kidnapped; killed in automobile accidents
-murdered; kidnapped
-murdered; killed in automobile accidents
 
killed in auto accidents; murdered
some of the more important functions of traffic units are:

-to recommend traffic engineering changes that will enhance the flow of traffic and promote safety.
-to enforce traffic laws, particularly when violation of those laws cause traffic accidents
-to educate motorists in a community about traffic safety and proper driving procedures
-all of the above
 
all of the above
The professional model of policing which police followed in the decades before community policing rested on three foundations. They are listed below. Which is not one of these three foundations?

-preventive patrol
-proactive patrol
-follow up investigation
-quick response time
 
quick response time
researchers discovered that ____ of citizens wait 5 - 10 minuets to call the police which prevents police from catching the criminal at the scene.

-25 percent
-5 percent
-62 percent
-90 percent
 
90 percent
one of the following interesting findings of foot patrol research was that foot patrol officers were better able to deal with:

several investigative functions, including finding dna evidence
-drug dealers and gang problems especially in urban areas
-minor annoyances rowdy youths, panhandlers, and abandoned cars that irritate citizens
-long term vice cases that involved several suspects
 
minor annoyances rowdy youths panhgandlers and abandoned cars that irritate citizens
With community policing:

-police focus more heavily on preventive patrol for public safety
-citizens share responsibility for their communitys safety
-citizens are encouraged to learn policing methods and tactics
-police adopt a legalistic or sometimes watchmen style of policing
 
citizens share responsibility for their community safety
Following are three parts of the acronym sara, which some community policing advocates recommend as a four step problem solving process. Which of the following is not one of the components of sara?

-arrival
-assessment
-response
-scanning
 
arrival
the crime triangle is a view of crime and disorder as an interaction among three variables:

-preventive patrol, investigation, and follow up
-citizens, police, and criminals
-urban, suburban, and rural locations
-victim, offender and location
 
victim offender and location
which of the following is currently the most complete dna database?

-compstat
-codis
-gis
-gps
 
codis
which of the following agencies has the largest afis?

-the florida department of law enforcement
-the new york city police department
-the us secret service
-the fbi
 
the fbi
Which of the following drug enforcement strategies accounts for the greatest number of drug arrests and seizures?

-street level enforcement
-mid level investigations
-major investigations
-drug demand reduction
 
street level enforcement
Which of the following reasons accounts for the relative ineffectiveness of marijuana eradication strategies?

-large quantities are generally frown in remote largely inaccessible areas making eradication efforts time consuming labor intensive and dangerous
-spraying crops with chemicals can be hazardous to people, water supplies, animals and other vegetation
-the huge profits that can be made from a marijuana crop create a powerful incentive not to be deterred by eradication efforts.
-all of the above reasons
 
all of the above reasons
In which of the following ways can community policing contribute to drug enforcement?

-foot patrol and problem oriented policing can reduce street level dealing
-community policing may increase public support for drug enforcement efforts by encouraging citizens to report drug crimes and identify drug dealers.
-community organizing may empower citizens to resist drug dealers and drug abusers who invade their communities
-all of the above ways
 
all of the above ways
which of the following is not true about civil asset forfiture?

-it is the preferred tool in drug enforcement
-the gov only has to have probable cause to seize a persons property
-an owner must be proactive to get his or her property back
-the state must only prove by a preponderance of evidence that the property was used in a crime
 
-the state must only prove by a preponderance of evidence that the property was used in a crime
Which of the following is not a criticism of civil asset forfeiture laws?

-civil asset forfeiture laws place the burden of proof on the property owner to show that the property seized was not used in a drug related crime
-the costs involved in a civil asset forfeiture proceeding can be prohibitively high
-the standard of proof in civil asset forfeiture cases is too high
innocent ownders can lose their property when someone else uses it without their permission or knowledge to commit a drug crime
 
innocent ownders can lose their property when someone else uses it without their permission or knowledge to commit a drug crime
which of the collowing is not true about the war on drugs at least according to its critics?

-abuse or misuse of illegal drugs has contributed to more deaths annually than either alcohol or tobacco
-the drug war is racist
-the drug war is hugely expensive
-the gov has exaggerated the dangers of illegal drug use
 
-abuse or misuse of illegal drugs has contributed to more deaths annually than either alcohol or tobacco
in 2001 approximately ____ percent of federal prisoners and ___ percent of state prisoners were incarcerated for drug offenses

-10:5
-55;20
-20;55
-5;20
 
55;20
which of the following is not true about terrorism?

-it is one of the oldest forms of human conflict
-it has been used by both right wing and left wing political organizations by ethnic and nationalistic groups by revolutionaries and by the armies and secet police established of governments
-the modern era of terrorism began with the japanese bombing of pearl harbor
-the terrorist acts of 9/11 constituted the bloodiest day on american soil since the civil war
 
-the modern era of terrorism began with the japanese bombing of pearl harbor
which of the following is the fbis definition of terrorism?

-the unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government the civilian population or any segment thereof in furtherance of political or social objectives
-premeditated politically motivated violence perpetrated against combatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents usually intended to influence an audience
-the unlauwful use or threatened use of force or violence by a group or individual based and operating entirely within the us or its territories without forign direction committed against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government the civilian population or any segment thereof in furtherance of poolitical or social objectives
-the systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence against the governments publics or individuals to gain a political objective
 
-the systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence against the governments publics or individuals to gain a political objective
According to the fbi estimates approximately what percent of international terrorist incidents that occuur annually in the us and abroad are directed at us interests?

-1-5
-5-10
-20-30
-50-60
 
20-30
which of the following is not one of presidents bush general policy prinicples that guide law enforcement personell in dealing with terrorists?

-only grant concessions to terrorists if us citizens are held hostage and no viable alternative exists
-bring terrorists to justice for their crimes no matter how long it takes
-isolate and apply pressure on states that sponsor terrorism to force them to change their behavior
-bolster the counterterrorist capabilities of those countries that work with the united states and require assitance
 
only grant concessions to terrorists if the us citizens are held hostage and noviable alternative exists

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