Crim 310 Final

63 cards

Crim 310 Final Study Guide 


 
  
Created Jun 12, 2013
by
adriana2009a

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Morality according to _______ arises from the fact that humans, as rational beings, impose...
 
Emmanuel Kant
2
Kohlberg's moral stages include all o the following
 
-pre coventional
-conventional
- post conventional
3
A concept in which values and moral beliefs come from those one admires and aspires to identify...
 
modeling
4
______ can be defined as the responsibilities that are attached to a specific role.
 
Duties
5
What are values
 
measures of worth or priority
6
Ethical dilemmas are situations in which:
 
people must make a decision about something 
7
What ethical system woould best describe why an officer is maintains the code of silence in...
 
egoism/ ethics of care?
8
_______is a necessary element in law enforcement, but its need also leads to a greater dependence...
 
Discretion
9
What is communtative justice
 
fairness of contracts and business relations
10
How many police vslues are there?
 
8
11
If a police officer tries to convenice a store owner not to press charges a against a poor...
 
street justice
12
According to the text, the main reason for the blue curtain of secrecy in law enforcement is...
 
loyalty
13
Who exerts the strongest influence on the ethical climate of an agency?
 
the one in charge
14
If one views the police ss (a) _______ presumptions follow: that criminals are the enemey and...
 
crime control force
15
______ ethics are an even more specific of applied ethics relating to the behavior of certain...
 
professional
16
What is an important criticism of the utilitarian ethical system?
 
no individual rights are considered
17
When individuals have discretion it is possible that individuals prejudices and perceptions...
 
Discrimination
18
Procedural is concerned with
 
steps taken to reach determination of guilt and punishment (due process)
19
According to Baelz, what characteristics must an ethical system contain?
 
(1) not self-serving
(2) logically impartial or universal
(3) authoratative 
20
Corrective justice is concerned with
 
punishment and sanctions
21
What ethical system answers the question of: "What is good is that which benefits me?" 
 
egoism
22
What New York scandal involved officers taking bribes, using drugs and alcohol on duty, and...
 
The buddy boys; Mollen commission
23
Toury Ohlin and Farrington found three major theoretical perspectives that address the orgin...
 
(1) attachment
(2) temparament
(3) social learning
24
Noble cause corruption is justified by which  ethical system?
 
utilitarian
25
Testilying is a euphemism for what police practice?
 
perjury
26
Noble cause corruption is likely motivated by 
 
end justifies the means
27
Which ethical problem is least associated with the proactive investigations
 
perjury or testimony
28
Which of the following is not included in Barker and Carter's typology of lies
 
-accepted lies
-deviant lies
-tolerated lies
29
The objective test for entrapment
 
in whose mind did it originate from/ defense
30
Integrity testing of police is similar to what law enforcement tactic used against criminals?
 
entrapment
31
Integrity testing refers to which police management tactic?
 
sting operations 
32
What police lead body investigate civilian claims of police wrongdoing?
 
internal affairs
33
The public didtrust of lawyers can be traced back to
 
Greek historians
34
The description of the justice system as two advocates engaing in the pursuit of the truth...
 
ideal justice system
35
the model of judicial processing that prioritzes efficiency over truth is
 
bureaucratic justice 
36
the belief that loyalty to one's client surpasses individual and private decision making...
 
legal agent theory
37
The statement "i am person first, a lawyer second" is
 
moral agent theory
38
The primary duty of a defense attorney is
 
plea bargaining
39
The predominant public  image of defense attorneys is that of
 
egosim
40
The term fast food lawyers refers to
 
volume and speed
41
Whose interests do prosecutors represent
 
society
42
Which factor would be unethical for a prosecutor to consider in making charging decisions
 
identity of the victim
43
Prosecutors that are part time may be more prone to what type of prosecutorial misconduct than...
 
confict of interests
44
What word describes the prosecutorial practice of confiscating property and money associated...
 
forfeiture
45
Which term describes the ethically questionable practice that prosecutors use during the process...
 
charge bargaining
46
One of the primary ethical problems with plea bargaining is that
 
it subverts due process
47
The ethical concern regarding expert witnesses is about whether theyare really
 
non biaseed and independent
48
Making deals with defendants in exchange for favorable testimony is one form of
 
plea bargaining
49
The rationale for punisment that is associated with the offender achieving slavation is
 
treatment
50
What from of prevention is aimed at people other than the defender?
 
general deterrence
51
Detaining only those who are at the highest risk of offending or re-offending is a form of 
 
selective incapacitation
52
Which ethical system would only support punishments that seek to balance the needs of the  offender...
 
ethics of care
53
the primary ethical argument aganst private corrections is 
 
profit leads to abuse
54
What other criminal justice professional is most like the correctional officer
 
police officer
55
court decisons have limited what aspect of correctional officer's duty
 
discretion
56
The term pluralistic ignorance describes
 
vocal minority create the belief of the majority
57
What term best describes the general relationship between correctional officers and inmates 
 
uneasy justice
58
the interdependence that may develop between correctional officers and the inmates that is...
 
reciprocity0
59
what is the definition of justice
 
-fairness
-equality
-impartiality
-appropriate rewards and punishments
60
Paternalistic laws
 
-wear seatbelts
- helmet when riding a bike
61
Examples of noble cause corruption
 
planting or fabricating evidence, lying on reports or in court, and generally abusing police...
62
Methods of prevention
 
- deterrence
-incapacitation
-treatment
63
Good correctional officer
 
- all inmates equally no favoritism
-not follow rules to the t
-use discretion


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