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Cosmetology Exam Review Chapter 20: Skin Diseases & Disorders


Cosmetology Exam Review Chapter 20: Skin Diseases & Disorders
  
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a closed abnormally developed sac that contains fluid, pus, semi fluid, or morbid matter. can be above or below the skin
 
cyst
a skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
 
excoriation
whitehead
 
closed comedo
chronic condition appearing primarily on the cheeks and the nose. characterized by redness/flushing, dilation of the surface blood vessels and the formation of papules and pustules
 
rosacea
can be damaging but also contribute to the body's synthesis of Vitamin D
 
UVB
American Cancer Society's ABCDEs: What is C?
A-Asymmetry
B-Border
C-___________
D-Diameter
E-Evolving
 
color
avoid exposing children under __________ to the sun
 
6 months
skin disorder caused by light abnormal patches. caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment producing cells
 
leukoderma
sebacious cyst which is a subcutanious tumor of the sebacious gland
 
steatoma
excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness. medical treatment is required
 
hyperhidrosis
painful itching disease presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions. All forms should be referred to a physician and are not contagious
 
eczema
absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the skin, hair, and eyes. skin will not tan and eyes are pink. skin is very sensitive to light and ages early
 
albinism
thickened patches of epidermis commonly known as callus or corn.
 
keratoma
UVA rays weaken the collagen and elastin fibers of the skin, causing wrinkling and ______________
 
sagging
fever blister or cold sore; recurring viral infection. appears on the lips, nostrils, or other parts of the face that can last up to 3 weeks. very contagious
 
herpes simplex
increased pigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated. also called liver spots
 
chloasma
red patches covered by silver-white scales usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back. caused by skin cells turning over faster than normal. not contagious
 
psoriasis
small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin. can be small and flat, or raised. any changes requires medical attention
 
mole
technical term for freckles
 
lentigines
part of sun light that has the greatest impact on how skin ages.
 
UV rays
most serious form of skin cancer. characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin.
 
malignant melanoma
technical term for wart that is caused by a virus and is infectious
 
verruca
medical term for abnormal skin inflammation; caused by touching certain substances to the skin; possible to become allergic to an ingredient in a product
 
dermatitis venenata
inflamed pimple containing pus
 
pustule
a spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle. neither raised or sunken
 
macule
a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
 
keloid
condition of dry, scaly skin due to a deficiency or absence of sebum, caused by old age or exposure to cold
 
asteatosis
any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily, such as abnormal or excessive dandruff
 
scale
a swelling, abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplications of cells, varying in size, shape, and color
 
tumor
crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis; chapped lips or hands
 
fissure
approximately ___________% of aging is caused by the rays of the sun
 
80-85%
small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation; birthmark
 
nevus

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