Cosmetology Exam Review 5: Infection Control - Principles And Practice

65 cards

An Exam Review For Cosmetology College Class. Info Taken From Http://glowstick.us And Made Into A Flash Card. 


 
  
Created Apr 17, 2009
by
alicia4ever

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
The one-celled microorganisms also known as germs or microbes are:
 
bacteria

Bacteria can only be seen with the aid of a microscope and can exist...
2
Pathogenic bacteria include the:
 
parasite

Parasites are pathogenic, or harmful, organisms that require living...
3
Bacteria that cause disease are called:
 
pathogenic

Pathogenic bacteria are harmful, causing disease.
4
When they invade plant or animal tissue, pathogenic bacteria cause:
 
disease

Pathogenic bacteria are harmful and cause disease when they invade plant...
5
The technical term for bacteria that live on dead matter is:
 
saprophytes

Saprophytes are a type of nonpathogenic bacteria.
6
The type of bacteria that causes syphilis and Lyme disease is:
 
spirilla

Spirilla are spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria. The spirilla Treponema...
7
The type of bacteria called cocci have a:
 
round shape

Cocci are round-shaped bacteria that appear alone or in groups and...
8
The bacteria called bacilli have a:
 
rod shape

Bacilli, the most common bacteria, are short and rod-shaped.
9
Pus-forming bacteria that cause strep throat and blood poisoning are:
 
streptococci

Streptococci are round bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling...
10
The classification of bacteria called spirilla have a:
 
corkscrew shape

Spirilla are spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause syphilis,...
11
In California in 2000, a normally harmless bacteria that caused infections in over 100 pedicure...
 
Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis

This is a rod-shaped bacteria that caused...
12
Motility, or self-movement, is rarely seen in the bacteria called:
 
cocci

Cocci are transmitted in the air, in dust, or within the substance in which...
13
Certain bacteria move about with the help of hair like extensions called:
 
flagella

A whip-like motion of the flagella moves the bacteria in liquid.
14
During their active stage, bacteria reproduce in a process called:
 
mitosis

When conditions are favorable, bacteria divide into two new cells, called...
15
Certain bacteria, during their inactive stage, form outer coverings called:
 
spores

As spores, these bacteria can withstand famine, dryness, and unsuitable...
16
A contagious disease is:
 
transmitted from one person to another

Communicable or contagious diseases are...
17
A typical example of a general infection is:
 
syphilis

Syphilis is a general infection, which results when the bloodstream...
18
Pus in a lesion or wound is an indication of:
 
infection

Pus contains white blood cells and the debris of dead cells, tissue...
19
Diseases caused by viruses include:
 
measles and hepatitis

Viruses also cause common colds and other respiratory and...
20
Viruses and bacteria behave differently, one difference being that bacteria:
 
can live on their own

This is one reason bacteria can usually be treated with...
21
Hepatitis is caused by a bloodborne virus and involves inflammation of the:
 
liver

Hepatitis is more easily contracted than HIV/AIDS, as it is present in...
22
AIDS, the disease caused by the HIV virus, breaks down the body's:
 
immune system

AIDS attacks the immune system, which is the body's defense against...
23
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by:
 
the HIV virus

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS.
24
One way in which the HIV virus can be transmitted is by:
 
sharp implements

In the salon, accidents with sharp implements is a way the HIV...
25
One way in which bacteria and viruses can enter the body is through:
 
broken skin

A break in the skin, such as a cut, pimple, or scratch, allows bacteria...
26
Another term for vegetable parasites such as molds, mildews, and yeasts is:
 
fungi

Fungi can produce contagious diseases, such as ringworm and favus.
27
Clients showing signs of a contagious disease or condition should be:
 
referred to a physician

Contagious diseases and conditions should never be treated...
28
The ability of the body to resist infection in general is called:
 
immunity

Immunity is the ability of the body to destroy bacteria that have gained...
29
Surfaces such as tables, walls, doorknobs, or your hands, no matter how clean they look, are...
 
contaminated

Something is contaminated when it is covered with dirt, oils, or...
30
Pathogens and other substances are removed from tools or surfaces in a process called:
 
decontamination

Decontamination involves using physical or chemical means to...
31
Only one level of decontamination, sterilization, is capable of killing:
 
bacterial spores

Bacterial spores are the most resistant form of life on Earth.
32
Sterilization is a process that must be practiced by:
 
surgeons

Surgeons and dentists must sterilize their tools, which are designed...
33
Disinfection may be used on:
 
nonporous surfaces

Disinfection controls microorganisms on nonporous surfaces...
34
The skin, hair, and nails should never be cleaned with disinfectants because:
 
damage can result

Disinfectants, which are powerful enough to quickly and efficiently...
35
Each individual state and the ________ must approve all disinfectants.
 
EPA

Every disinfectant's label must have an EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)...
36
There should be available, for every product used in the cosmetology school or salon, a/an:
 
MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheets provide all pertinent information on products,...
37
An MSDS contains important information about a product, including:
 
storage requirements

An MSDS includes information on content, hazards, combustion...
38
The government created the agency called OSHA to regulate and enforce:
 
safety and health standards

OSHA was created as part of the U.S. Department of...
39
In order to be considered "Formulated for Hospitals and Health Care Facilities," a disinfectant...
 
Virucidal

Virucidal means capable of destroying or inactivating viruses.
40
OSHA's policy for bloodborne pathogens requires the use of an EPA-registered tuberculocidal...
 
HBV and HIV virus

OSHA stated in 1997, in order to comply with its Bloodborne...
41
Any item used to perform a salon service on a client must be disinfected or:
 
discarded

Items such as orangewood sticks must be discarded. Combs, brushes,...
42
Implements must be thoroughly ________ before they are immersed in disinfectant.
 
cleaned

Implements must be cleaned first to avoid contaminating the disinfecting...
43
To be effective in the salon, ultrasonic bath cleaners must be used with:
 
an effective disinfectant

Without an effective disinfectant, these devices will...
44
Disinfecting implements in quaternary ammonium compounds takes:
 
10-15 minutes

Be sure not to leave implements in quats for longer than 10-15...
45
Phenols in 5 percent solution are safe and extremely effective disinfectants used mostly for:
 
metal implements

Phenols are safe and very effective for metal implements if...
46
Today's salon disinfectants, have largely replaced:
 
alcohol and bleach

Neither bleach nor alcohols are professionally designed and...
47
For disinfection of implements, states requiring hospital disinfection do not allow the use...
 
alcohol

Alcohol is not an EPA-registered disinfectant.
48
Bleach is also called:
 
sodium hypochlorite

This is the chemical name for bleach.
49
A product that was used in the past as a disinfectant but is no longer considered safe for...
 
formalin

Formalin, a solution of formaldehyde in water, was used in the past...
50
It is proper procedure to remove implements from disinfectants with any of the following except:
 
bare fingers

Disinfectants should never be handled with bare fingers or hands.
51
Proper disinfection procedure includes changing the solution in a wet sanitizer:
 
once a day

The disinfecting solution must be changed daily unless otherwise directed...
52
An important rule to follow when using disinfectants is to:
 
add disinfectant to water

Mix disinfectant according to the manufacturer's directions,...
53
Once implements have been disinfected, they should be stored in a/an:
 
disinfected and covered container

Disinfected implements are best stored in a...
54
The devices known as ultraviolet (UV) sanitizers can be used for:
 
storing disinfected implements

UV sanitizers should not be used to disinfect,...
55
After each use, linens and capes or drapes that come in contact with a client's skin should...
 
bleach

Bleach is very useful as a laundry additive for salon linens and capes.
56
The contact points of tools that cannot be immersed in liquid, such as hair clippers and nail...
 
should be disinfected

These parts can be wiped or sprayed with an EPA-registered,...
57
An EPA-registered disinfectant with bactericidal, fungicidal, virucidal (and in some states...
 
after each client

Proper disinfection procedures must be followed with foot spas...
58
Foot spas should be filled with ________ and left to sit overnight every two weeks.
 
a 5 percent bleach solution

A 5 percent bleach solution is a dose of 50 parts...
59
Cotton balls or wipes used in cleaning up a blood spill should be:
 
double-bagged before disposing

The contaminated objects should be double-bagged,...
60
There are three levels of decontamination, the lowest of which is:
 
sanitation

To sanitize means "to significantly reduce the number of pathogens...
61
Washing a brush with detergent is an example of:
 
sanitation

This is one of many steps of sanitation in the salon.
62
Bar soaps can grow bacteria, so it is better practice to provide:
 
pump-type liquid soap

You are protecting both your staff and your clients with...
63
In the salon, hands should be thoroughly washed before and after each service with:
 
soap and warm water

Soap and warm water are generally sufficient for hand-washing...
64
Antiseptics, another product used in the salon:
 
can safely be applied to skin

Antiseptics are safe to apply to the skin, and...
65
The guidelines and controls for infection control published by the Centers for Disease Control...
 
Universal Precautions

These precautions include hand-washing, gloving, the use...


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel