Cosmetology Exam Review 11: Haircutting

75 cards

An exam review for cosmetology college class. Info taken from http://glowstick.us and made into a flash card.


 
  
Created Apr 21, 2009
by
alicia4ever

 

 
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1
The most effective way to establish design lines that are proportionate is with:
 
reference points

Reference points, which mark where the surface of the head...
2
The reference point that is the highest point on top of the head is the:
 
apex

The apex is located by placing a comb flat on top of the head; the comb...
3
The widest area of the head, starting at the temples and ending at the bottom of the crown,...
 
parietal ridge

The parietal ridge is found by placing a comb flat against the...
4
Placing a comb flat against the nape area and observing where the comb leaves the head is one...
 
occipital bone

The occipital bone can be found simply by feeling the base of...
5
The widest points in the ________ are the two front corners.
 
fringe (bangs) area

Cutting past the two front corners can cause the fringe to...
6
Between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge is an area of the head called the:
 
crown

It is very important to pay attention to this area when performing any...
7
When combed into its natural falling position, the fringe or bangs area falls no farther than:
 
the outer corners of the eyes

The fringe area is a triangular section that begins...
8
The top of the head can be found by parting the hair:
 
at the parietal ridge

The top of the head is where the hair lies on the head...
9
Straight lines that are level and direct the eye from one side to the other are:
 
horizontal lines

Horizontal lines are usually used to create one-length and low-elevation...
10
Diagonal lines are used in a technique in which the ends of the hair are cut at a slight taper,...
 
beveling

Beveling creates fullness in a haircut by cutting the ends of the hair...
11
For control during haircutting, the hair is parted into uniform working areas called:
 
sections

The hair is parted into sections at the start of the haircut.
12
When cutting, the subsection of hair is held from the head at an angle or degree called:
 
elevation

Elevation is an action that occurs when you lift a subsection of hair...
13
Elevating the hair below 90 degrees when cutting has the effect of:
 
building weight

The less you elevate the hair, the more weight you build.
14
As a general rule, as you elevate the hair more, you create:
 
more graduation

The most commonly used elevations are 45 and 90 degrees. The...
15
The length the hair will be cut is determined by a section of hair called the:
 
guideline

The guideline is usually the first section you cut when creating a...
16
The guideline that does not move and is used mostly in blunt haircuts is the:
 
stationary guideline

All other sections are combed to the stationary guideline...
17
A guideline that moves as the haircut progresses is called a:
 
traveling guideline

When you use a traveling guide, you take a small slice of...
18
The cutting line, which creates the end-result shape, is the angle at which the:
 
fingers are held during cutting

The cutting line is ultimately the line that...
19
When the hair is combed away from its natural falling position toward a guideline, rather...
 
overdirection

Overdirection is used mostly in graduated and layered haircuts...
20
To create a length or weight increase in a haircut, you can use overdirection and a:
 
stationary guideline

With overdirection all the sections are combed to the stationary...
21
By using a traveling guide and no overdirection to cut the same lengths throughout a haircut,...
 
uniform layers

This is the basic procedure for creating uniform layers.
22
When straight hair dries, it shrinks:
 
1/4 to 1/2 inch

All hair shrinks when it dries; curly hair shrinks even more...
23
Curly hair shrinks as it dries even more than straight hair does, by about:
 
1/2 inch to two inches

You need to cut the hair longer than the desired length...
24
The hair grows from the scalp in a particular direction known as a:
 
growth pattern

Growth patterns include cowlicks, whorls, and other patterns.
25
The client consultation before a haircut should always include analyzing the:
 
face shape

A great haircut must not only be technically sound but also suit the...
26
The behavior of the hair is determined by density, texture, wave patterns,:
 
hairlines and growth patterns

All these characteristics must be considered in...
27
Hair texture, classified as coarse, medium, or fine, is based on the:
 
diameter of each hair strand

The diameter of the hair strands contributes to...
28
Wave pattern, or the amount of ________ in the hair strand, varies within the same head of...
 
movement

Wave pattern is described as straight, wavy, curly, and extremely curly.
29
Blunt or straight lines are cut in the hair with:
 
haircutting shears

Haircutting shears are a basic tool used in blunt cuts as...
30
To create a softer effect on the ends of the hair, use:
 
a straight razor

Razors are also used to thin hair out or texturize in certain...
31
For close tapers in the nape and sides when using the shears-over-comb technique, use the:
 
barber comb

The narrow end of the comb allows the shears to get very close to...
32
Removing bulk from the hair is done mostly with:
 
thinning shears

Thinning shears are also called texturizing shears, tapering...
33
Generally, most of the work in haircutting is done by the:
 
cutting hand

The cutting hand holds the shears and parts, combs, and cuts the...
34
The part of the shears in which the ring finger is placed is the:
 
finger grip of still blade

The ring finger goes into the finger grip of the still,...
35
The most efficient way to handle both comb and shears while combing the hair is to:
 
palm the shears

It is best to hold both tools during the entire haircutting process,...
36
The proper position for the little finger, when holding the razor with the handle higher than...
 
tang

The little finger is positioned in the tang, underneath the handle.
37
During the haircutting procedure, the fine teeth of the styling comb are used to:
 
comb the subsection before cutting

The fine teeth provide more tension for cutting...
38
The amount of pressure created by stretching or pulling a subsection is called:
 
tension

Consistent tension is important for consistent, even results in a haircut.
39
When precise lines are desired in a haircut on straight hair, use:
 
maximum tension

Maximum tension can be used on straight hair to create sharp,...
40
The hand position used most often when cutting uniform or increasing layers is:
 
cutting over the fingers

These haircuts call for cutting over the fingers or...
41
The best way to maintain control of the subsection when cutting with a vertical or diagonal...
 
cutting palm to palm

Cutting this way is the best way to control the subsection,...
42
Cut hair on the floor should be swept up and disposed of:
 
before blow-drying the client

Sweeping up the cut hair is both sanitary and safer...
43
You should replace the blade in your razor:
 
prior to each new client

Replacing the blade and discarding used blades in a...
44
Another term for blunt haircut is:
 
zero-elevation cut

The blunt cut is cut with no elevation or overdirection.
45
The most common elevation used to cut a graduated haircut is:
 
45 degrees

Graduated haircuts are cut with low to medium elevation, most commonly...
46
When cutting a long layered haircut, the hair is held at a:
 
180-degree angle

This technique gives more volume to hairstyles and can be combined...
47
Layers create movement and volume in the hair, and the ends appear:
 
farther apart

Layered cuts generally have less weight than graduated cuts, in...
48
If you do not maintain an even amount of moisture in the hair as you cut, you can expect:
 
uneven results

Dry hair responds to cutting differently than wet hair, so the...
49
Parting the hair opposite to the way in which you cut it to check the lengths is known as:
 
cross-checking

For example, if you use vertical partings to cut, you should use...
50
In a haircut using vertical partings, cross-checking should be done with:
 
horizontal partings

Cross-checking is parting the haircut in the opposite way...
51
A blunt haircut that is cut with the client's head tilted forward will have:
 
slight graduation of the line

If the head is tilted forward, the hair does not...
52
A variation of the basic blunt cut is the classic A-line bob, which is cut with a:
 
diagonal cutting line

A diagonal cutting line, or finger angle, is used to create...
53
When cutting the soft, rounded shape of a uniform-layered cut, all the hair is:
 
cut at the same length

The hair lengths are uniform, meaning they are elevated...
54
Curly hair is different from straight hair in that it:
 
shrinks more after it dries

For every 1/4 inch you cut when curly hair is wet,...
55
A tool that should be avoided when cutting curly hair is:
 
a razor

Cutting curly hair with a razor can weaken the cuticle and cause the...
56
The fringe area is the hair that lies approximately between the:
 
outer corners of the eyes

The fringe area, or bangs, is the hair that lies between...
57
When you work with a razor, the ends are cut:
 
at an angle

Cutting at an angle produces softer shapes with more visible separation,...
58
Razor cutting is different from shears cutting in that:
 
the guide is above the fingers

This is the main difference between cutting with...
59
When working with a razor, remember not to use it on:
 
dry hair

Cutting dry hair with a razor can make the hair frizz and can be painful...
60
The method of cutting hair in which the shears are not opened and closed but kept partially...
 
slide cutting

Slide cutting is a good way to layer very long hair and keep weight...
61
The texturizing technique in which pieces of hair are snipped out with the tips of the shears...
 
free-hand notching

This technique is generally used throughout the interior of...
62
A barbering technique in which the hair is not held between the fingers is:
 
shears-over-comb

In this technique, you hold the hair in place with the comb...
63
When performing the technique called shears-over-comb, you hold the comb:
 
at an angle to the head

The comb is placed teeth first into the hairline, then...
64
When cutting shears-over-comb, it is important to work with areas:
 
no wider than the blade

Always work with small areas at a time.
65
When using the shears-over-comb technique, it is crucial that:
 
one blade stays still

One blade remains still, parallel to the spine of the comb,...
66
A commonly used technique that removes bulk without shortening the length is called:
 
texturizing

Texturizing can be used to add volume, remove volume, make hair "move,"...
67
A technique in which the razor makes small circular motions is called:
 
razor rotation

Razor rotation is similar to razor-over-comb except that you make...
68
Because many clients are afraid of the word "thinning," it is better to use another term for...
 
removing weight

The terms "removing bulk" or "removing weight" are a more modern...
69
When clipper cutting, if you want to cut all the hair to one exact length, you can use a/an:
 
length guard attachment

Length guards are attached to the clippers and can be...
70
The best tool for creating a flat-top or square shape is:
 
clippers

The clipper-over-comb technique allows you to cut the hair very close...
71
The clipper-over comb technique differs from shears-over-comb in that the clippers move:
 
sideways across the comb

The comb stays in position as you move the clippers...
72
An important point to remember when cutting with clippers, especially in the nape, is to always...
 
against the natural growth patterns

Working against the growth patterns ensures...
73
For cleaning necklines and around the ears, you may use smaller-sized clippers called:
 
edgers

Edgers or trimmers are small enough to use for closer, more precise work...
74
When clipper-cutting the hair very short and close to the head, the comb most often used is...
 
barber comb

The classic barbering comb is often used in the nape and sides and...
75
A factor to consider when trimming facial hair is that it is very:
 
coarse

Facial hair is very coarse and may dull haircutting shears.


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