Cosmetology Exam Review 11: Haircutting

An Exam Review For Cosmetology College Class. Info Taken From Http://glowstick. Us And Made Into A Flash Card.
Created Apr 21, 2009
by alicia4ever
Table View
Download
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

Side ASide B
The most effective way to establish design lines that are proportionate is with:
reference pointsReference points, which mark where the surface of the head changes...
The reference point that is the highest point on top of the head is the:
apexThe apex is located by placing a comb flat on top of the head; the comb will rest...
The widest area of the head, starting at the temples and ending at the bottom of the crown,...
parietal ridgeThe parietal ridge is found by placing a comb flat against the side of...
Placing a comb flat against the nape area and observing where the comb leaves the head is one...
occipital boneThe occipital bone can be found simply by feeling the base of the skull.
The widest points in the ________ are the two front corners.
fringe (bangs) areaCutting past the two front corners can cause the fringe to end up...
Between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge is an area of the head called the:
crownIt is very important to pay attention to this area when performing any haircutting...
When combed into its natural falling position, the fringe or bangs area falls no farther than:
the outer corners of the eyesThe fringe area is a triangular section that begins at...
The top of the head can be found by parting the hair:
at the parietal ridgeThe top of the head is where the hair lies on the head form.
Straight lines that are level and direct the eye from one side to the other are:
horizontal linesHorizontal lines are usually used to create one-length and low-elevation...
Diagonal lines are used in a technique in which the ends of the hair are cut at a slight taper,...
bevelingBeveling creates fullness in a haircut by cutting the ends of the hair at a...
For control during haircutting, the hair is parted into uniform working areas called:
sectionsThe hair is parted into sections at the start of the haircut.
When cutting, the subsection of hair is held from the head at an angle or degree called:
elevationElevation is an action that occurs when you lift a subsection of hair above...
Elevating the hair below 90 degrees when cutting has the effect of:
building weightThe less you elevate the hair, the more weight you build.
As a general rule, as you elevate the hair more, you create:
more graduationThe most commonly used elevations are 45 and 90 degrees. The more you...
The length the hair will be cut is determined by a section of hair called the:
guidelineThe guideline is usually the first section you cut when creating a shape.
The guideline that does not move and is used mostly in blunt haircuts is the:
stationary guidelineAll other sections are combed to the stationary guideline and cut...
A guideline that moves as the haircut progresses is called a:
traveling guidelineWhen you use a traveling guide, you take a small slice of the previous...
The cutting line, which creates the end-result shape, is the angle at which the:
fingers are held during cuttingThe cutting line is ultimately the line that is cut.
When the hair is combed away from its natural falling position toward a guideline, rather...
overdirectionOverdirection is used mostly in graduated and layered haircuts and where...
To create a length or weight increase in a haircut, you can use overdirection and a:
stationary guidelineWith overdirection all the sections are combed to the stationary...
By using a traveling guide and no overdirection to cut the same lengths throughout a haircut,...
uniform layersThis is the basic procedure for creating uniform layers.
When straight hair dries, it shrinks:
1/4 to 1/2 inchAll hair shrinks when it dries; curly hair shrinks even more than straight...
Curly hair shrinks as it dries even more than straight hair does, by about:
1/2 inch to two inchesYou need to cut the hair longer than the desired length to make...
The hair grows from the scalp in a particular direction known as a:
growth patternGrowth patterns include cowlicks, whorls, and other patterns.
The client consultation before a haircut should always include analyzing the:
face shapeA great haircut must not only be technically sound but also suit the client's...
The behavior of the hair is determined by density, texture, wave patterns,:
hairlines and growth patternsAll these characteristics must be considered in a hair...
Hair texture, classified as coarse, medium, or fine, is based on the:
diameter of each hair strandThe diameter of the hair strands contributes to the general...
Wave pattern, or the amount of ________ in the hair strand, varies within the same head of...
movementWave pattern is described as straight, wavy, curly, and extremely curly.
Blunt or straight lines are cut in the hair with:
haircutting shearsHaircutting shears are a basic tool used in blunt cuts as well as...
To create a softer effect on the ends of the hair, use:
a straight razorRazors are also used to thin hair out or texturize in certain areas.
For close tapers in the nape and sides when using the shears-over-comb technique, use the:
barber combThe narrow end of the comb allows the shears to get very close to the head.
Removing bulk from the hair is done mostly with:
thinning shearsThinning shears are also called texturizing shears, tapering shears,...
Generally, most of the work in haircutting is done by the:
cutting handThe cutting hand holds the shears and parts, combs, and cuts the hair.
The part of the shears in which the ring finger is placed is the:
finger grip of still bladeThe ring finger goes into the finger grip of the still, or...
The most efficient way to handle both comb and shears while combing the hair is to:
palm the shearsIt is best to hold both tools during the entire haircutting process,...
The proper position for the little finger, when holding the razor with the handle higher than...
tangThe little finger is positioned in the tang, underneath the handle.
During the haircutting procedure, the fine teeth of the styling comb are used to:
comb the subsection before cuttingThe fine teeth provide more tension for cutting than...
The amount of pressure created by stretching or pulling a subsection is called:
tensionConsistent tension is important for consistent, even results in a haircut.
When precise lines are desired in a haircut on straight hair, use:
maximum tensionMaximum tension can be used on straight hair to create sharp, precise...
The hand position used most often when cutting uniform or increasing layers is:
cutting over the fingersThese haircuts call for cutting over the fingers or on top of...
The best way to maintain control of the subsection when cutting with a vertical or diagonal...
cutting palm to palmCutting this way is the best way to control the subsection, especially...
Cut hair on the floor should be swept up and disposed of:
before blow-drying the clientSweeping up the cut hair is both sanitary and safer for...
You should replace the blade in your razor:
prior to each new clientReplacing the blade and discarding used blades in a puncture-proof...
Another term for blunt haircut is:
zero-elevation cutThe blunt cut is cut with no elevation or overdirection.
The most common elevation used to cut a graduated haircut is:
45 degreesGraduated haircuts are cut with low to medium elevation, most commonly 45...
When cutting a long layered haircut, the hair is held at a:
180-degree angleThis technique gives more volume to hairstyles and can be combined with...
Layers create movement and volume in the hair, and the ends appear:
farther apartLayered cuts generally have less weight than graduated cuts, in which the...
If you do not maintain an even amount of moisture in the hair as you cut, you can expect:
uneven resultsDry hair responds to cutting differently than wet hair, so the finished...
Parting the hair opposite to the way in which you cut it to check the lengths is known as:
cross-checkingFor example, if you use vertical partings to cut, you should use horizontal...
In a haircut using vertical partings, cross-checking should be done with:
horizontal partingsCross-checking is parting the haircut in the opposite way from which...
A blunt haircut that is cut with the client's head tilted forward will have:
slight graduation of the lineIf the head is tilted forward, the hair does not fall in...
A variation of the basic blunt cut is the classic A-line bob, which is cut with a:
diagonal cutting lineA diagonal cutting line, or finger angle, is used to create the...
When cutting the soft, rounded shape of a uniform-layered cut, all the hair is:
cut at the same lengthThe hair lengths are uniform, meaning they are elevated to 90...
Curly hair is different from straight hair in that it:
shrinks more after it driesFor every 1/4 inch you cut when curly hair is wet, it will...
A tool that should be avoided when cutting curly hair is:
a razorCutting curly hair with a razor can weaken the cuticle and cause the hair to...
The fringe area is the hair that lies approximately between the:
outer corners of the eyesThe fringe area, or bangs, is the hair that lies between the...
When you work with a razor, the ends are cut:
at an angleCutting at an angle produces softer shapes with more visible separation,...
Razor cutting is different from shears cutting in that:
the guide is above the fingersThis is the main difference between cutting with a razor...
When working with a razor, remember not to use it on:
dry hairCutting dry hair with a razor can make the hair frizz and can be painful for...
The method of cutting hair in which the shears are not opened and closed but kept partially...
slide cuttingSlide cutting is a good way to layer very long hair and keep weight at...
The texturizing technique in which pieces of hair are snipped out with the tips of the shears...
free-hand notchingThis technique is generally used throughout the interior of the section...
A barbering technique in which the hair is not held between the fingers is:
shears-over-combIn this technique, you hold the hair in place with the comb while you...
When performing the technique called shears-over-comb, you hold the comb:
at an angle to the headThe comb is placed teeth first into the hairline, then turned...
When cutting shears-over-comb, it is important to work with areas:
no wider than the bladeAlways work with small areas at a time.
When using the shears-over-comb technique, it is crucial that:
one blade stays stillOne blade remains still, parallel to the spine of the comb, while...
A commonly used technique that removes bulk without shortening the length is called:
texturizingTexturizing can be used to add volume, remove volume, make hair "move," and...
A technique in which the razor makes small circular motions is called:
razor rotationRazor rotation is similar to razor-over-comb except that you make small...
Because many clients are afraid of the word "thinning," it is better to use another term for...
removing weightThe terms "removing bulk" or "removing weight" are a more modern choice...
When clipper cutting, if you want to cut all the hair to one exact length, you can use a/an:
length guard attachmentLength guards are attached to the clippers and can be used to...
The best tool for creating a flat-top or square shape is:
clippersThe clipper-over-comb technique allows you to cut the hair very close to the...
The clipper-over comb technique differs from shears-over-comb in that the clippers move:
sideways across the combThe comb stays in position as you move the clippers across it.
An important point to remember when cutting with clippers, especially in the nape, is to always...
against the natural growth patternsWorking against the growth patterns ensures that...
For cleaning necklines and around the ears, you may use smaller-sized clippers called:
edgersEdgers or trimmers are small enough to use for closer, more precise work on these...
When clipper-cutting the hair very short and close to the head, the comb most often used is...
barber combThe classic barbering comb is often used in the nape and sides and around...
A factor to consider when trimming facial hair is that it is very:
coarseFacial hair is very coarse and may dull haircutting shears.


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel