Cosmetology Exam Review 10: Shampooing, Rinsing, and Conditioning

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An exam review for cosmetology college class. Info taken from and made into a flash card.

Created Apr 17, 2009


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When you shampoo a client's hair, your primary purpose is to:
cleanse the hair and scalp

The scalp and hair need to be cleansed prior to receiving...
Shampoo selection requires assessing the:
condition of the client's hair

There are various hair and scalp conditions that...
pH levels are a measure of:
whether a solution is acid or alkaline

Acid solutions have pH from 0 to 6.9,...
Shampoos called "pH-balanced" are:
more acidic

Low-pH or acidic products are good for any hair--especially treated...
The purification process for fresh water is done by:
sedimentation and filtration

Sedimentation causes matter to sink to the bottom,...
Water is called soft or hard depending on the:
amount of minerals present

The degree of hardness or softness depends on the...
Shampoo's main ingredient is:
purified water

Water is usually the first ingredient listed.
Surfactants are effective because of:
the surfactant molecule

The attraction between the hydrophilic "head" and the...
The molecular process in surfactants works by:
lifting off oils and dirt into the water

The surfactant molecules' push-pull...
The hair care product that accounts for the highest dollar expenditure is:

Consumer studies show that the most vigorous growth is found in shampoos...
In hair products that are acid-balanced, the pH is:
between 4.5 and 5.5

A shampoo can become acid-balanced by the addition of citric,...
Conditioning shampoos help the hair with ingredients that restore moisture and elasticity and:
add volume

Protein and biotin are two agents that boost conditioning shampoos.
In some cases, very strong, medicated shampoos:
must sit on the scalp for a longer period

These shampoos contain special chemicals...
The acidic ingredients used in clarifying shampoos:
cut through product buildup

Ingredients such as cider vinegar cut through product...
In some cases dry or powder shampoos are advisable, such as:
for elderly clients

An elderly client may experience some discomfort at the...
The combination of a surfactant base with basic colors is the formula for:
color-enhancing shampoo

These shampoos are similar to temporary color rinses...
For hair that feels dry or damaged, a temporary remedy is:

Conditioners are special chemical agents that deposit protein or...
Controlling factors in the hair's texture and structure are:
heredity, health, and diet

Conditioners are valuable, however, because they can...
The products known as rinse-through finishing rinses are used for:
detangling hair after washing

These cream rinses are rinsed out after they are...
Deep, penetrating conditioners are left on the hair for:
10-20 minutes

These treatments restore protein and moisture
Among the ingredients of conditioners are:

These are moisture-binding substances that absorb moisture and promote...
The outermost layer of the hair is the cuticle and is made up of:
overlapping scales

A healthy cuticle lies down smoothly and reflects light.
After an alkaline chemical treatment, instant conditioners are used to:
restore pH balance

The acidic pH of instant conditioners balances the alkalinity...
A conditioning agent called scalp astringent lotion is used to:
remove oil accumulation

Scalp astringent lotions are used after a scalp treatment...
Included in the formulation of moisturizers are quaternary ammonium compounds, which:
attach to hair fibers

Quats attach themselves steadfastly to hair fibers and...
The product that will increase hair diameter slightly is a:
protein conditioner

Protein conditioners increase hair diameter with a coating...
The purpose of concentrated protein conditioners is to:
penetrate the cortex

These conditioners are designed to pass through the cuticle,...
The use of a concentrated protein conditioner adds the following qualities except:
improved quality of new hair growth

Conditioners cannot change the quality of...
Use deep conditioning treatments when ________ is needed.
equal moisturizing and protein treatment

Deep conditioning treatments, also called...
In order to prevent damage from blow-drying and electric rollers, use:
spray-on thermal protectors

These conditioning agents are applied to hair prior...
A dry scalp may be helped by a:
scalp conditioner

Scalp conditioners, usually in a cream base, are used to soften...
All the following products are recommended for clients with fine, straight hair except:
moisturizing shampoo

Moisturizing shampoo is generally too heavy for fine hair.
All the following products are recommended for dry, damaged hair except:
acid-balanced shampoo

Acid-balanced shampoo is recommended for medium hair.
In addition to stimulating blood circulation to the scalp, correct hair brushing also helps:
remove dust, dirt, and spray buildup

Brushing also gives hair added shine.
Do not brush the hair before giving a:
chemical service

Brushing the hair may irritate the scalp, which must be avoided...
The best hairbrush for cleaning and adding luster to the hair has:
natural bristles

These have tiny overlapping layers that clean and add luster.
To brush hair most effectively:
part it into sections

Brush each section the full length of the hair shaft three...
To provide scalp stimulation, use:

The two requisites for a healthy scalp are cleanliness and stimulation.
To be successful at scalp massage it's important to:
know the location of blood vessels

Knowing the muscles, the location of the...
All of the following are scalp manipulation techniques except:
rapid eye movement

Rapid eye movements are part of sleep patterns.
When shampooing, always remember to:
keep your shoulders back

Avoid slumping over the client.
When performing a shampoo, all the following items are routinely used except:
an infrared lamp

An infrared lamp is used when performing scalp treatments.
When preparing to shampoo a client, it's important to:
examine the client's hair and scalp

This helps determine the appropriate shampoo...
During a shampoo service, always consider:
the water temperature

Consider the client's preference and always test on your...
When manipulating the scalp during a shampoo, use firm pressure if:
the client has healthy hair and scalp

Manipulation increases blood circulation...
The next step in the shampoo procedure after applying small quantities of shampoo is to:
manipulate the scalp

Work your way over the scalp to manipulate the entire scalp.
At the end of the shampoo, the cleanup and sanitation process includes:
disinfecting combs and brushes

Leave them in the disinfectant for the required...
The next step after the hair is shampooed and rinsed is to:
apply a conditioner

Conditioner is applied and combed through the hair with a...
Once conditioner has been applied:
gently comb it through the hair

Use a wide-tooth comb to evenly distribute conditioner...
It may be necessary, when applying a deep conditioning treatment, to:
place the client under a heated dryer

Some conditioners recommend heat for optimal...
Chemically treated hair, after shampooing, has a tendency to:

Chemically treated hair also tends to be drier and more fragile.
Shampooing, brushing and scalp massage are appropriate for:

It is appropriate to shampoo, brush, and massage before styling.
If dry shampoo is called for, apply it:
directly onto the hair

Generally you apply the powder directly to the hair from...
Before shampooing clients who are wheelchair bound, always:
ask their preferences

Disabled clients can tell you best what is most comfortable...
A general scalp treatment is important for:
keeping the scalp clean and healthy

Recommend a scalp treatment only after performing...
During a normal hair and scalp treatment, all the following steps are recommended except:
vigorously brushing the scalp

Brush the hair for five minutes but do not irritate...
It is appropriate to perform a dry hair and scalp treatment for:
a deficiency of natural oil

Select scalp preparations containing moisturizing...
For a dry hair and scalp treatment, a useful appliance is:
a scalp steamer

The scalp steamer resembles a hooded dryer.
Increasing blood circulation by kneading the scalp helps to:
normalize overactive sebaceous glands

Any hardened sebum in the pores of the...
An effective therapy during dandruff treatment is:
high-frequency current

A high-frequency current increases blood circulation to...

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