Cosmetology Exam Review 10: Shampooing, Rinsing, And Conditioning

An Exam Review For Cosmetology College Class. Info Taken From Http://glowstick. Us And Made Into A Flash Card.
Created Apr 17, 2009
by alicia4ever
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When you shampoo a client's hair, your primary purpose is to:
cleanse the hair and scalpThe scalp and hair need to be cleansed prior to receiving...
Shampoo selection requires assessing the:
condition of the client's hairThere are various hair and scalp conditions that need...
pH levels are a measure of:
whether a solution is acid or alkalineAcid solutions have pH from 0 to 6.9, and alkaline...
Shampoos called "pH-balanced" are:
more acidicLow-pH or acidic products are good for any hair--especially treated hair.
The purification process for fresh water is done by:
sedimentation and filtrationSedimentation causes matter to sink to the bottom, and filtration...
Water is called soft or hard depending on the:
amount of minerals presentThe degree of hardness or softness depends on the kinds and...
Shampoo's main ingredient is:
purified waterWater is usually the first ingredient listed.
Surfactants are effective because of:
the surfactant moleculeThe attraction between the hydrophilic "head" and the lipophilic...
The molecular process in surfactants works by:
lifting off oils and dirt into the waterThe surfactant molecules' push-pull effect causes...
The hair care product that accounts for the highest dollar expenditure is:
shampooConsumer studies show that the most vigorous growth is found in shampoos retailed...
In hair products that are acid-balanced, the pH is:
between 4.5 and 5.5A shampoo can become acid-balanced by the addition of citric, lactic,...
Conditioning shampoos help the hair with ingredients that restore moisture and elasticity and:
add volumeProtein and biotin are two agents that boost conditioning shampoos.
In some cases, very strong, medicated shampoos:
must sit on the scalp for a longer periodThese shampoos contain special chemicals or...
The acidic ingredients used in clarifying shampoos:
cut through product buildupIngredients such as cider vinegar cut through product buildup...
In some cases dry or powder shampoos are advisable, such as:
for elderly clientsAn elderly client may experience some discomfort at the shampoo...
The combination of a surfactant base with basic colors is the formula for:
color-enhancing shampooThese shampoos are similar to temporary color rinses and give...
For hair that feels dry or damaged, a temporary remedy is:
conditionerConditioners are special chemical agents that deposit protein or moisturizer...
Controlling factors in the hair's texture and structure are:
heredity, health, and dietConditioners are valuable, however, because they can minimize...
The products known as rinse-through finishing rinses are used for:
detangling hair after washingThese cream rinses are rinsed out after they are worked...
Deep, penetrating conditioners are left on the hair for:
10-20 minutesThese treatments restore protein and moisture
Among the ingredients of conditioners are:
humectantsThese are moisture-binding substances that absorb moisture and promote the...
The outermost layer of the hair is the cuticle and is made up of:
overlapping scalesA healthy cuticle lies down smoothly and reflects light.
After an alkaline chemical treatment, instant conditioners are used to:
restore pH balanceThe acidic pH of instant conditioners balances the alkalinity of a...
A conditioning agent called scalp astringent lotion is used to:
remove oil accumulationScalp astringent lotions are used after a scalp treatment and...
Included in the formulation of moisturizers are quaternary ammonium compounds, which:
attach to hair fibersQuats attach themselves steadfastly to hair fibers and provide...
The product that will increase hair diameter slightly is a:
protein conditionerProtein conditioners increase hair diameter with a coating action,...
The purpose of concentrated protein conditioners is to:
penetrate the cortexThese conditioners are designed to pass through the cuticle, penetrate...
The use of a concentrated protein conditioner adds the following qualities except:
improved quality of new hair growthConditioners cannot change the quality of new hair...
Use deep conditioning treatments when ________ is needed.
equal moisturizing and protein treatmentDeep conditioning treatments, also called hair...
In order to prevent damage from blow-drying and electric rollers, use:
spray-on thermal protectorsThese conditioning agents are applied to hair prior to thermal...
A dry scalp may be helped by a:
scalp conditionerScalp conditioners, usually in a cream base, are used to soften and...
All the following products are recommended for clients with fine, straight hair except:
moisturizing shampooMoisturizing shampoo is generally too heavy for fine hair.
All the following products are recommended for dry, damaged hair except:
acid-balanced shampooAcid-balanced shampoo is recommended for medium hair.
In addition to stimulating blood circulation to the scalp, correct hair brushing also helps:
remove dust, dirt, and spray buildupBrushing also gives hair added shine.
Do not brush the hair before giving a:
chemical serviceBrushing the hair may irritate the scalp, which must be avoided before...
The best hairbrush for cleaning and adding luster to the hair has:
natural bristlesThese have tiny overlapping layers that clean and add luster.
To brush hair most effectively:
part it into sectionsBrush each section the full length of the hair shaft three times,...
To provide scalp stimulation, use:
massageThe two requisites for a healthy scalp are cleanliness and stimulation.
To be successful at scalp massage it's important to:
know the location of blood vesselsKnowing the muscles, the location of the blood vessels,...
All of the following are scalp manipulation techniques except:
rapid eye movementRapid eye movements are part of sleep patterns.
When shampooing, always remember to:
keep your shoulders backAvoid slumping over the client.
When performing a shampoo, all the following items are routinely used except:
an infrared lampAn infrared lamp is used when performing scalp treatments.
When preparing to shampoo a client, it's important to:
examine the client's hair and scalpThis helps determine the appropriate shampoo and...
During a shampoo service, always consider:
the water temperatureConsider the client's preference and always test on your wrist.
When manipulating the scalp during a shampoo, use firm pressure if:
the client has healthy hair and scalpManipulation increases blood circulation to the...
The next step in the shampoo procedure after applying small quantities of shampoo is to:
manipulate the scalpWork your way over the scalp to manipulate the entire scalp.
At the end of the shampoo, the cleanup and sanitation process includes:
disinfecting combs and brushesLeave them in the disinfectant for the required time.
The next step after the hair is shampooed and rinsed is to:
apply a conditionerConditioner is applied and combed through the hair with a wide-tooth...
Once conditioner has been applied:
gently comb it through the hairUse a wide-tooth comb to evenly distribute conditioner...
It may be necessary, when applying a deep conditioning treatment, to:
place the client under a heated dryerSome conditioners recommend heat for optimal results.
Chemically treated hair, after shampooing, has a tendency to:
tangleChemically treated hair also tends to be drier and more fragile.
Shampooing, brushing and scalp massage are appropriate for:
hairstylingIt is appropriate to shampoo, brush, and massage before styling.
If dry shampoo is called for, apply it:
directly onto the hairGenerally you apply the powder directly to the hair from scalp...
Before shampooing clients who are wheelchair bound, always:
ask their preferencesDisabled clients can tell you best what is most comfortable for...
A general scalp treatment is important for:
keeping the scalp clean and healthyRecommend a scalp treatment only after performing...
During a normal hair and scalp treatment, all the following steps are recommended except:
vigorously brushing the scalpBrush the hair for five minutes but do not irritate the...
It is appropriate to perform a dry hair and scalp treatment for:
a deficiency of natural oilSelect scalp preparations containing moisturizing and emollient...
For a dry hair and scalp treatment, a useful appliance is:
a scalp steamerThe scalp steamer resembles a hooded dryer.
Increasing blood circulation by kneading the scalp helps to:
normalize overactive sebaceous glandsAny hardened sebum in the pores of the scalp is...
An effective therapy during dandruff treatment is:
high-frequency currentA high-frequency current increases blood circulation to the scalp.


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