Constitutional Amendments And Landmark Supreme Court Cases

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1st amendment =
freedom of religon, press, assembly, petition, and speech.

2nd amendment =
the right to bear arms(guns).

3rd amendment =
no quartering of soldiers, in peace or war, exept with the owners approval.

4th amendment =
searches and seizures shall not be allowed exept with probable cause and/or a warrent.

5th amendment =
a grand jury must be present for a trial. you can't be commited for a crime twice.

6th amendment =
you may have a lawyer at your disposal at a trial. an impartial jury must be there and they...

7th amendment =
if you file for a lawsuit that is more than twenty dollars, a jury may be preserved.

8th amendment =
the judge can't impose exessive bail or fines or have you tourtured.

9th amendment =
the constitution has several civil rights but, so do the people.

10th amendment =
if the constitution doesn't have the power the states do.

11th amendment =
the courts can't be run by foreign "people".

12th amendment =
when running for office, the President and Vice President etc: the people have to vote them...

13th amendment =
sec. 1 = NO SLAVERY!!!!!!!!   sec. 2 = Congress is able to enforce said sec. 1....

14th amendment =
sec. 1 = People that were born in the U.S. are U.S. citizens. sec. 2 = a # of representitives...

15th amendment =
sec. 1 = you can't be denied the right to vote no matter who or what you are. sec. 2 = congress...

16th amendment =
congress has the power to make people pay income tax.

17th amendment =
two senators from each state will be elected into office.  

18th amendment =
all intoxicating liquors are banned from the U.S.

19th amendment =
you can't be denied the right to vote no matter who or what you are.

20th amendment =
we will change presidents, vice presidents etc. on jan. 20; after their term is up.

21st amendment =
it repeals all of the 18th amendment.  

22nd amendment  =
the presitdent can't have more than 2 terms.

23rd amendment =
the Disrict of Columbia will and does have three electors.  

24th amendment =
you can't be denied the right to vote no matter who or what you are.

25th amendment =
the vice president shall asume the role of President if the president is dead, etc.

26th amendment =
if you are 18 or older you may vote.

27th amendment =
congress has a limit to how much it can raise/lower a persons salary.

Marbury v. Madison =
Marbury's argument is that in the Judiciary Act of 1789, Congress granted the Supreme Court...

McCulloch v. Maryland =
The court determined that Congress had the power to charter the bank.

Gibbons v. Ogden =
The sole argued source of Congress's power to promulgate the law at issue was the Commerce...

Plessy v. Furguson =
In a 7 to 1 decision (Justice David Josiah Brewer did not participate) the Court...

Brown v. Board of Education =
The Topeka middle schools had been integrated since 1941. Topeka High School was integrated...
Roe v. Wade =
The court issued its decision on January 22, 1973, with a 7 to 2 majority vote in favor of...

Mapp v. Ohio =
The Fourth Amendment protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures but contains...

Miranda v. Arizona =
The Fifth Amendment  privilege against self-incrimination requires law enforcement...

Gideon v. Wainwright =
The sixth amendment right to counsel is a fundamental right applied to the states...

Tinker v. Des Moines =
The court's 7 to 2 decision held that the First Amendment applied to public schools, and that...

Engel v. Vitale =
Government-directed prayer in public schools violates the establishment clause of...

Texas v. Johnson =
A statute that criminalizes the desecration of the American flag violates the First Amendment....

Furman v. Georgia =
The arbitrary and inconsistent imposition of the death penalty violates the eighth and fourteenth...

Korematsu v. United states, 1944 =
The exclusion order leading to japanise american internment camps  was constitutional....

New Jersey v. TLO, 1985 =
(1) Fourth Amendment's prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures applies to searches...

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