Comparison Of Somatic And Autonomic Nervous Systems

Anatomy Of Autonomic PathwaysPhysiological Effects Of The ANSANS Nerotransmitters And Receptors
  
Created May 10, 2011
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Side ASide B
Compare the structural and functional differences between the somatic and autonomic nervous...
Autonomic: Involuntary, interoceptors, sypathetic and parasympathetic divisions, neurotransmittersSomatic:...
Distinguish between the pre- and postganglionic neurons, in terms of location
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Specify the different origins and destination ganglia for the sympathetic and parasympatheic...
Parasympathetic: Craniosacral outflow; brainstem nuclei of cranial nerves III, VII, IX and...
Describe the differing locations of the ganglia of teh sympatheic and parasympathetic systems...
parasympathetic: ganglia in or close to visceral organ Sympathetic: ganglia within a few cm...
Describe the location of the rami communicantes. 
Parasympathetic: NoneSympathetic: Gray and White rami communicantes; white contain myelinated...
List the names and locationsof the different sympathetic ganglia. 
"E" situations (exercise, emergency, excitement and embarrassment)- fight or flight response
Discuss the primary purpose of the sympathetic division and the general body functions it directs. 
Pupils dilateHeart rate, force of contraction and blood pressure increaseAirways dilateBlood...
Discuss the primary purose of the parasympathetic division and the general body functions it...
rest and digest:
Describe specific responses of effectors due to increased sympathetic stimulation. 
Increased salivation, lacrimation, urination, digestion and defecation Decreased heart rate,...
Identify the chemical nature of the autonomic neurotransmitter receptors and their location
Paravertebral ganglion= chain ganglion or trunk ganglion     Innervate...
Identify the cholinergic neurons, receptors, and neurotransmitters
neurons: release acetylcholinereceptors: receptors on the postsynaptic membrane that bind acetylcholine
Describe the effects of acetylcholine as a cholinergic neuro neurotransmitter
    Nicotinic receptor: found in dendrites and cell bodies of sympathetic...
Identify the adrenergic neurons, receptors, and neurotransmitters.
neurons: release norepinephrinereceptors: bind norepinephrine and epinephrine
Describe the effects of norepinephrine as an adrenergic neuron neurotransmitter
a1: Smooth muscle of blood vessels, radial muscles of eye, sphincter muscles of stomach and...


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