Comparison Of Somatic And Autonomic Nervous Systems

14 cards

anatomy of autonomic pathwaysPhysiological effects of the ANSANS nerotransmitters and receptors


 
  
Created May 10, 2011
by
chyde1234

 

 
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1
Compare the structural and functional differences between the somatic and autonomic nervous...
 
Autonomic: Involuntary, interoceptors, sypathetic and parasympathetic divisions, neurotransmitters
Somatic:...
2
Distinguish between the pre- and postganglionic neurons, in terms of location
 
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3
Specify the different origins and destination ganglia for the sympathetic and parasympatheic...
 
Parasympathetic: Craniosacral outflow; brainstem nuclei of cranial nerves III, VII, IX and...
4
Describe the differing locations of the ganglia of teh sympatheic and parasympathetic systems...
 
parasympathetic: ganglia in or close to visceral organ
Sympathetic: ganglia within a few...
5
Describe the location of the rami communicantes. 
 
Parasympathetic: None
Sympathetic: Gray and White rami communicantes; white contain myelinated...
6
List the names and locationsof the different sympathetic ganglia. 
 
"E" situations (exercise, emergency, excitement and embarrassment)- fight or flight response
7
Discuss the primary purpose of the sympathetic division and the general body functions it directs. 
 
Pupils dilate
Heart rate, force of contraction and blood pressure increase
Airways dilate
Blood...
8
Discuss the primary purose of the parasympathetic division and the general body functions it...
 
rest and digest:

9
Describe specific responses of effectors due to increased sympathetic stimulation. 
 
Increased salivation, lacrimation, urination, digestion and defecation
Decreased heart...
10
Identify the chemical nature of the autonomic neurotransmitter receptors and their location
 
Paravertebral ganglion= chain ganglion or trunk ganglion
     Innervate...
11
Identify the cholinergic neurons, receptors, and neurotransmitters
 
neurons: release acetylcholine
receptors: receptors on the postsynaptic membrane that bind...
12
Describe the effects of acetylcholine as a cholinergic neuro neurotransmitter
 
    Nicotinic receptor: found in dendrites and cell bodies of sympathetic...
13
Identify the adrenergic neurons, receptors, and neurotransmitters.
 
neurons: release norepinephrine
receptors: bind norepinephrine and epinephrine
14
Describe the effects of norepinephrine as an adrenergic neuron neurotransmitter
 
a1: Smooth muscle of blood vessels, radial muscles of eye, sphincter muscles of stomach and...


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