Civics Vocab

2nd Set Of Vocab From Unit 2

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Side ASide B
Common sense
set of pamphlets authored by Thomas Paine that encouraged separation from the Crown. Pamphlets called the king a brute and stated that American had a seperate destiny from England
the theory and system of politics of developing colonies to maintain a balance of trade
Olive Branch Petition
a letter written to King George III from the members of the 2nd Continental Congress that appealed to the king to address colonial grievances to avoid war
political system in which ownership of all product and land are in the hands of the people, and all goods are equally shared
Age of Enlightenment
occurred in the 18th century. Philosophers wrote new ideas on politics such as the role of the "divind right" of kings and the seperation of church and state
English Bill of Rights
Predecessor to the U.S. Bill of Rights. Outlined new rights for the English people sucha s "no taxation without representation"
government by the people
representative democracy
government where the people elect leaders to carry out the rules and ideals that they want
direct democracy
a system of government in which all the citizens participate in politics and decision making
John Locke
Influential English philosopher who inspired Thomas Jefferson when writing the Declaration of Independance
Thomas Jefferson
authored the Declaration of Independance
James Madison
father of the constitution
violation of allegiance to ones country
a person who betrays his country
constitutional monarchy
the king shares power with a group of advisors or a democratic body
colonists loyal to the United States
colonists loyal to the British
Thomas Paine
author of Common Sense
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
Intolerable Acts
Acts of law passed by England to punish the colonies for the Boston Tea Party
a group of nations or states united for a common cause
American Revolution
war fought to gain American independence from England
1st Continental Congress
a body of 55 representatives appointed by the colonial legislatures who met to plan a response to England's Intolerable Acts
Boston Tea Party
An act of protest of the stamp act by the American colonists against England
2nd Continental Congress
a body of representatives who met and approved the Declaration of Independence
armed civilians fighting during the revolutionary war
a company or group having exclusive control over commercial activity
John Adams
A driving force calling for indpendence from England
Three-Fifths Compromise
a compromise reached by the Northern states and Southern states over how to count the slave population. slaves were counted 3/5 of all other persons
people who support the Constitution
anti- federalists
people who are against the Constitution
virginia plan
large states plan for a bicameral congress with representatives to be based on population

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