civics vocab

32 cards

2nd set of vocab from unit 2


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2006
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1
Common sense
 
set of pamphlets authored by Thomas Paine that encouraged separation from the Crown. Pamphlets...
2
Merchantilism
 
the theory and system of politics of developing colonies to maintain a balance of trade
3
Olive Branch Petition
 
a letter written to King George III from the members of the 2nd Continental Congress that appealed...
4
communism
 
political system in which ownership of all product and land are in the hands of the people,...
5
Age of Enlightenment
 
occurred in the 18th century. Philosophers wrote new ideas on politics such as the role of...
6
English Bill of Rights
 
Predecessor to the U.S. Bill of Rights. Outlined new rights for the English people sucha s...
7
democracy
 
government by the people
8
representative democracy
 
government where the people elect leaders to carry out the rules and ideals that they want
9
direct democracy
 
a system of government in which all the citizens participate in politics and decision making
10
John Locke
 
Influential English philosopher who inspired Thomas Jefferson when writing the Declaration...
11
Thomas Jefferson
 
authored the Declaration of Independance
12
James Madison
 
father of the constitution
13
treason
 
violation of allegiance to ones country
14
traitors
 
a person who betrays his country
15
constitutional monarchy
 
the king shares power with a group of advisors or a democratic body
16
patriots
 
colonists loyal to the United States
17
tory
 
colonists loyal to the British
18
Thomas Paine
 
author of Common Sense
19
King George III
 
King of England during the American Revolution
20
Intolerable Acts
 
Acts of law passed by England to punish the colonies for the Boston Tea Party
21
Confederation
 
a group of nations or states united for a common cause
22
American Revolution
 
war fought to gain American independence from England
23
1st Continental Congress
 
a body of 55 representatives appointed by the colonial legislatures who met to plan a response...
24
Boston Tea Party
 
An act of protest of the stamp act by the American colonists against England
25
2nd Continental Congress
 
a body of representatives who met and approved the Declaration of Independence
26
Minutemen
 
armed civilians fighting during the revolutionary war
27
Monopoly
 
a company or group having exclusive control over commercial activity
28
John Adams
 
A driving force calling for indpendence from England
29
Three-Fifths Compromise
 
a compromise reached by the Northern states and Southern states over how to count the slave...
30
federalists
 
people who support the Constitution
31
anti- federalists
 
people who are against the Constitution
32
virginia plan
 
large states plan for a bicameral congress with representatives to be based on population

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