Chemistry Chapter 13- Ions in Aqueous Solutions and Colligative Properties

16 cards

Chemistry. Ch apter 13


 
  
Created May 21, 2010
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12quinnc

 

 
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1
this separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dissolves
 
dissociation
2
includes only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemical change in a reaction in an aqueous...
 
net ionic equation
3
ions that do not take part in a chemical reaction and are found in solution both before and...
 
spectator ions
4
ions are formed from solute molecules by the action of the solvent
 
ionization
5
the H30+ ion is known as
 
the hydronium ion
6
any compound whose dilute aqueous solutions conduct electricity well; this is due to the presence...
 
strong electrolyte
7
any compound whose dilute aqueous solutions conduct electricity poorly; this is due to the...
 
weak electrolyte
8
properties that depend on the concentration of solute particles but not on their identity
 
colligative properties
9
one that has little tendency to become a gas under existing conditions
 
nonvolatile substance
10
is the freezing point depression of the solvent in a 1-molal solution of a nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte...
 
molal freezing-point constant (Kf)
11
the difference between the freezing points of the pure solvent and a solution of a nonelectrolyte...
 
freezing-point depression
12
the boiling-point elevation of the solvent in a 1-molal solution of a nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte...
 
molal boiling-point constant
13
the difference between the boiling points of the pure solvent and a nonelectrolyte solution...
 
boiling-point elevation
14
allows the passage of some particles while blocking the passage of others
 
semipermeable membrane
15
the movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane from the side of lower solute  concentration...
 
osmosis
16
the external pressure that must be applied to stop osmosis
 
osmotic pressure

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