Chemistry Chapter 13- Ions In Aqueous Solutions And Colligative Properties

Chemistry. Ch Apter 13
  
Created May 21, 2010
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Side ASide B
this separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dissolves
dissociation
includes only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemical change in a reaction in an aqueous...
net ionic equation
ions that do not take part in a chemical reaction and are found in solution both before and...
spectator ions
ions are formed from solute molecules by the action of the solvent
ionization
the H30+ ion is known as
the hydronium ion
any compound whose dilute aqueous solutions conduct electricity well; this is due to the presence...
strong electrolyte
any compound whose dilute aqueous solutions conduct electricity poorly; this is due to the...
weak electrolyte
properties that depend on the concentration of solute particles but not on their identity
colligative properties
one that has little tendency to become a gas under existing conditions
nonvolatile substance
is the freezing point depression of the solvent in a 1-molal solution of a nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte...
molal freezing-point constant (Kf)
the difference between the freezing points of the pure solvent and a solution of a nonelectrolyte...
freezing-point depression
the boiling-point elevation of the solvent in a 1-molal solution of a nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte...
molal boiling-point constant
the difference between the boiling points of the pure solvent and a nonelectrolyte solution...
boiling-point elevation
allows the passage of some particles while blocking the passage of others
semipermeable membrane
the movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane from the side of lower solute  concentration...
osmosis
the external pressure that must be applied to stop osmosis
osmotic pressure


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