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Side A  Side B  
1 
Name all the reaction orders

Zero order
First order
Second order
Higher order
Mixed order


2 
M

Molarity
mol solute/L of solution


3 
ZeroOrder reactions

has a constant rate, independent of the reactants concentration.
r = k


4 
What are the units of k?

Msec1


5 
Radioactive decay

[A_{t}] = [A_{o}] ekt
[A_{o}] is the initial concentration of A
[A_{t}]...


6 
products < reactants

exothermic ()


7 
products > reactants

endothermic (+)


8 
What are the factors affecting reaction rate?

reactant concentration
temperature
medium
catalyst


9 
Equilibrium Expression

Products / Reactants


10 
What type of states don't appear in the equilibrium constant?

liquids and solids


11 
Le Chatelier's principle

A system to which stress is applied tends to change to relieve the applied stress.


12 
A + B > C + D
<
If more A is...

Then the equilibrium will switch to the right


13 
Change in pressure and volume

Inverse to one another. If pressure increases, volume will decrease. If pressure or volume...


14 
Change in Temperature

In an exothermic reaction:
If the temperature increases the EQ will go to the left. If the...


15 
Equation to determine the decay constant

t_{1/2} = 0.693 / k


16 
What types of systems exist

isolate, closed, and open
isolated neither energy or matter can be exchanged
closed only...


17 
isothermal

occurs when the temperature of the system remains constant


18 
adiabatic

occurs when no heat exchange occurs


19 
isobaric

when the pressure of the system remains constant


20 
Heat is measured in?

calories (cal) or Joules (J)


21 
Measuring calorimetry or heat changes

q = mc(delta)T


22 
Enthalpy

delta H = H of products  H of reactants


23 
Hess's Law

States that enthalpies of reactions are additive.


24 
Entropy is the measure of?

Disorder or randomness. The greater the entropy the more disorder.


25 
What's the second law of thermodynamics

all spontaneous process proceed such that the entropy of the system plus its surrounding increases


26 
Gibbs Free Energy equation

deltaG = deltaH  TdeltaS


27 
If delta G is negative

the reaction is spontaneous


28 
delta H delta S
 +
+ ...

spontaneous all the time
nonspontaneous all the time
spontaneous at high T
spontaneous...


29 
ΔG₀

ΔG₀ =  R·T·ln(Keq)


30 
ΔG

ΔG₀ + R·T·ln Q
