Chapters 4, 5, & 6: Psyc-2314 Human Growth And Development

First Three Years: Ch. 4 - Physical Development , Ch. 5 - Cognitive Development, Ch. 6 - Psychosocial Development II. Development From Conception Through Toddler Years 
Created Jul 26, 2010
by panfilo42
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Side ASide B
A. CONCEPTION AND PRENATAL STAGE--MAJOR CHALLENGES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS 
1. PHYSICAL CHANGES, PROCESSES, SKILLS, BEHAVIORS, EVENTS
a. normal conception and other alternate methods--successes and challenges
vaginal ,natural, home birth w/midwife, no drugs, lemaze method (breathing excercises w/massage...
b. stages of prenatal development--body systems, mechanisms, and responses 
cephalocaudal principle growth occurs from the top to the bottom.  proximodistal principle...
c. role of heredity and environment, and gender differences--physical structure and health;...
intelligent, well educated parents may be more likely to provide a positive, stimulating home...
2. CONGNITIVE CHANGES
PROCESSES, SKILLS, BEHAVIORS, EVENTS 
a. stages of prenatal development--cognitive processes, mechanisms, and skills (e.g. ability...
5
b. role of heredity and environment--cognitive processes, skills, and intelligence 
5
B. FIRST THREE (TODDLER) YEARS
MAJOR CHALLENGES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS
1. PHYSICAL CHANGES
PROCESSES, SKILLS, BEHAVIORS, EVENTS 
a. methods and stages of childbirth--impact on child and mother; assessment of health at birth
5
b. premature and low birth weight infants--main characteristics, potential risks, stimulating...
5
c. development of brain and senses-- signs of growth; maturation; developmental sequence; most...
5
d. development of motor skill--signs of growth/maturation; crawling, walking, and their effects;...
5
e. appearance and overall physical growth--body proportions, speed and depth of growth; environmental...
5
f. states of arousal during infancy--cycles of wakefulness, sleep, and activity; degree of...
5
2. COGNITIVE CHANGES
PROCESSES, SKILLS, BEHAVIORS, EVENTS
a. use of psychometric tests--strengths and limitations of measuring cognitive and intellectual...
5
b. pre-linguistic speech--babbling, cooing, and crying; different types of cries, their meaning,...
5
c. behavior change (behavioral leaning approach--conditioning and imitation
5
d. mend structures, activities, and adaptation to environment (piaget)--schema organization,...
5
e. substances of sensory-motor stage of cognitive development (Piaget)--primary, secondary,...
5
f. information processing abilities and memory--habituation vs. dis-habituation, and attention...
5


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