Chapter Three: Essentials of Medical Terminology

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medical terminology suffixes


 
  
Created Jun 13, 2010
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panfilo42

 

 
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1
additional word parts
 
roots and prefixes used to build medical terms
2
acr/o
 
top; extremeties
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carcin/o
 
cancer
4
don/o
 
donates
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flour/o
 
luminous
6
glyc/o
 
sugar
7
pharmac/o
 
drug
8
physi/o
 
nature
9
practition/o
 
practice
10
sect/o
 
cut
11
suffixes used to indicate pathologic conditions, pathology means the study of disease processes
 
suffixes used to describe disease, symptoms, or abnormalities
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-algia
 
pain
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cepahl/o
 
head
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cephalgia
 
headache
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arthr/o
 
joint
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arthralgia
 
joint pain
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ot/o
 
ear
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otalgia
 
earache
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-cele
 
hernia (protrusion or displacement of an organ through a structure that normally contains it)
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cyst/o
 
bladder
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cystocele
 
hernia of the urinary bladder, protrusion of the bladder onto the vaginal walls
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rect/o
 
rectum
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rectocele
 
hernia of the rectum; protrusion of the rectum onto the vaginal wall 
24
encephal/o
 
brain
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encephalocele
 
hernia of the brain
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-dynia
 
pain
27
gastr/o
 
stomach
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gastrodynia
 
stomach pain
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mast/o
 
breast
30
mastodynia
 
breast pain
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-emesis
 
vomiting
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hemat/o
 
blood
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hematemesis
 
vomiting blood
34
-emia
 
blood condition
35
glyc/o
 
sugar
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glycemia
 
sugar in the blood
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-ia
 
state of; condition
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pneum/o
 
lung
39
pneumonia
 
condition of the lung (most commonly known as an inflammation of the lung)
40
-itis
 
inflammation (the redness, swelling, heat, and pain that occur when the body protects itself...
41
enter/o
 
small intestine
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enteritis
 
inflamed small intestine
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stomat/o
 
mouth
44
stomatitis
 
inflamed mouth
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spondyl/o
 
vertebra
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spondylitis
 
inflamed vertebra
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-lysis
 
destruction; separation; breakdown
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hem/o
 
blood
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hemolysis
 
breakdown of blood
50
-malacia
 
softening
51
cerebr/o
 
brain
52
cerebromalacia
 
softening of the brain
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chondr/o
 
cartilage
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chondromalacia
 
softening of cartilage
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-megaly
 
enlargement
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viscer/o
 
internal organs
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visceromegaly
 
enlargement of the internal organs
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-oma
 
tumor/ mass
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lip/o
 
fat
60
lipoma
 
tumor containing fat
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my/o
 
muscle
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myoma
 
tumor of muscle
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-osis
 
abnormal condition
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nephr/o
 
kidney
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nephrosis
 
abnormal condition of the kidney
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-pathy
 
disease process
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ureter/o
 
ureter (a tube leading from each kidney)
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ureteropathy
 
disease process of the ureter to the bladder for the passage of urine 
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-penia
 
decrease, deficiency
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cyt/o
 
cell
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cytopenia
 
deficiency of cells
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-phobia
 
irrational fear
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acr/o
 
top, extemeties
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acrophobia
 
fear of heights
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-ptosis
 
downward displacement; drooping; prolapse; sagging
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blephar/o
 
eyelid
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blepharoptosis
 
drooping eyelid
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nephr/o
 
kidney
79
nephroptosis
 
drooping kidney
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-ptysis
 
spitting
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hemoptysis
 
spitting up blood
82
-rrhage; rrhagia
 
bursting forth
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hem/o
 
blood
84
hemorrhage
 
bursting forth of blood/ bleeding 
85
gastr/o
 
stomach
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gastrorrhagia
 
bleeding from the stomach
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-rrhea
 
flow; discharge
88
ot/o
 
ear
89
otorrhea
 
discharge from the ear
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-rrhexis
 
rupture
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splen/o
 
spleen
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splenorrhexis
 
ruptured spleen
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-sclerosis
 
hardening
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arteri/o
 
artery
95
arteriosclerosis
 
hardening of the arteries
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-spasm
 
sudden, involuntary contraction
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blephar/o
 
eyelid
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blepharospasm
 
sudden, involuntary contraction of the eyelid 
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-stenosis
 
narrowing; stricture
100
phleb/o
 
vein
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phlebostenosis
 
narrowing of a vein
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-y
 
process
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neur/o
 
nerve
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path/o
 
disease
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neuropathy
 
disease process of the nerve
106
micro/
 
small
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microencephaly
 
small brain
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suffixes used to indicate diagnostic procedures
 
common suffixes associated with diagnostic procedures
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-gram
 
record; writing
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lymphangi/o
 
lymph
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lymphangiogram
 
record of lymph vessel (by the use of x-rays)
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-graph
 
instrument used to record
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cardi/o
 
heart
114
cardiograph
 
instrument used to record heart activity
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-graphy
 
process of recording; producing images
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tom/o
 
to cut
117
computed tomography (CT scan)
 
x-ray beam rotates around the patient detailing the structure at various depths.  The...
118
mamm/o
 
breast
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mammography
 
producing images of the breast (by the use of x-rays)
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myel/o
 
spinal cord
121
myelography
 
producing images of the spinal cord (by the use of x-rays)
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-meter
 
instrument used to measure; process of measuring
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crani/o
 
skull
124
craniometer
 
instrument used to measure the skull
125
-metry
 
to measure; measurement
126
pelv/i
 
pelvis
127
pelvimetry
 
measurement of the pelvis.NOTE: A pelvimetry is performed to confirm the size of the maternal...
128
-opsy
 
to view
129
bi/o
 
life
130
biopsy
 
a procedure involving the removal of a piece of living tissue, which is then microscopically...
131
-scope
 
instrument used to visually examine (a body cavity or organ)
132
bronch/o
 
bronchus
133
bronchoscope
 
instrument used to visually examine the interior of the bronchus 
134
-scopy
 
process of visually examining (a body cavity or organ)
135
bronch/o
 
bronchus
136
bronchoscopy
 
process of visually examining the bronchus
137
fluor/o
 
luminous
138
fluoroscopy
 
x-ray of moving structures, such as the movement of substances through the digestive tractNOTE:...
139
suffixes used to indicate surgical procedures
 
common suffixes associated with surgical procedures 
140
-centesis
 
surgical puncture to remove fluid
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abdomin/o
 
abdomen
142
abdominocentesis
 
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
143
thorac/o
 
chest
144
thracocentesis
 
surgical puncture of the chest wall to remove excess fluid from around the lungs
145
-desis
 
surgical binding; surgical fusion
146
arthr/o
 
joint
147
arthrodesis
 
surgical fusion of joint 
148
-ectomy
 
excision; surgical removal
149
oophor/o
 
ovary
150
oophorectomy
 
excision of the ovary
151
tonsill/o
 
tonsils
152
tonsillectomy
 
excision of the tonsils
153
-pexy
 
surgical fixation
154
nephr/o
 
kidney
155
nephropexy
 
surgical fixation of a kidney
156
-plasty
 
surgical reconstruction; surgical repair
157
orchid/o
 
testicle
158
orchidoplasty
 
surgical reconstruction of the testicle
159
-rrhaphy
 
suture; sew
160
colp/o
 
vagina
161
colporrhaphy
 
suturing of the vagina
162
-stasis
 
stoppage; stopping; controlling
163
hem/o
 
blood
164
hemostasis
 
stoppage of blood
165
-stomy
 
new opening; artificial opening
166
trache/o
 
trachea; windpipe
167
tracheostomy
 
new opening into the trachea
168
-tome
 
instrument used to cut 
169
my/o
 
muscle
170
myotome
 
instrument used to cut muscle
171
-tomy
 
process of cutting; incision
172
ten/o
 
tendon
173
tenotomy
 
process of cutting a tendon
174
general suffixes
 
general suffixes needed to know to understand a great number of medical terms
175
-cyte
 
cell
176
adip/o
 
fat
177
adipocyte
 
fat cell
178
histi/o; hist/o
 
tissue
179
histiocyte; histocyte
 
tissue cell
180
-er; -ician; -logist; -ist
 
specialist; one who specializes; specialist in the study of 
181
practition/o
 
practice
182
practitioner
 
one who has obtained the proper requirements to work in a specific field of study
183
physi/o
 
nature
184
physician
 
specialist in the study of medicine who has graduated from a recognized school of medicine...
185
neur/o
 
nerve
186
neurologist
 
specialist in the study of the nervous system and its disorders
187
pharmac/o
 
drug
188
pharmacist
 
specialist licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
189
-ion
 
process
190
sect/o
 
to cut
191
section
 
process of cutting
192
-logy
 
study of; process of study
193
hepat/o
 
liver
194
hepatology
 
study of the liver
195
physi/o
 
nature
196
physiology
 
study of function (the study of how a structure functions)
197
-or
 
one who; person or thing that does something
198
don/o
 
donate
199
organ donor
 
one who donates organ tissue to be used in another body
200
-plasia
 
formation; developement
201
chondr/o
 
cartilage
202
chondroplasia
 
formation of cartilage
203
-poiesis
 
production; manufacture; formation
204
hemat/o
 
blood
205
hematopoiesis
 
production of blood
206
adjectival suffixes
 
adjectival suffixes describe special qualities or relationships
207
-genic
 
produced by; producing
208
carcin/o
 
cancer
209
carcinogenic
 
producing cancer (agent that produces cancer)
210
-oid
 
resembling
211
oste/o
 
bone
212
osteoid
 
resembling bone
213
-ole; -ule
 
small
214
bronchi/o
 
bronchus
215
bronchiole
 
small bronchus
216
ven/o
 
vein
217
venule
 
small vein
218
-ac; -al; -ary; -eal; -ic; -ous
 
pertaining to
219
cardi/o
 
heart
220
cardiac
 
pertaining to the heart
221
ren/o
 
kidney
222
renal
 
pertaining to the kidney
223
mamm/o
 
breast
224
mammary
 
pertaining to the breast
225
pharyng/o
 
throat; pharynx
226
pharyngeal
 
pertaining to the throat
227
gastr/o
 
stomach
228
gastric
 
pertaining to the stomach
229
ven/o
 
vein
230
venous
 
pertaining to a vien


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