Chapter Three: Essentials Of Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology Suffixes
 
Created Jun 13, 2010
by panfilo42
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additional word parts
roots and prefixes used to build medical terms
acr/o
top; extremeties
carcin/o
cancer
don/o
donates
flour/o
luminous
glyc/o
sugar
pharmac/o
drug
physi/o
nature
practition/o
practice
sect/o
cut
suffixes used to indicate pathologic conditions, pathology means the study of disease processes
suffixes used to describe disease, symptoms, or abnormalities
-algia
pain
cepahl/o
head
cephalgia
headache
arthr/o
joint
arthralgia
joint pain
ot/o
ear
otalgia
earache
-cele
hernia (protrusion or displacement of an organ through a structure that normally contains it)
cyst/o
bladder
cystocele
hernia of the urinary bladder, protrusion of the bladder onto the vaginal walls
rect/o
rectum
rectocele
hernia of the rectum; protrusion of the rectum onto the vaginal wall 
encephal/o
brain
encephalocele
hernia of the brain
-dynia
pain
gastr/o
stomach
gastrodynia
stomach pain
mast/o
breast
mastodynia
breast pain
-emesis
vomiting
hemat/o
blood
hematemesis
vomiting blood
-emia
blood condition
glyc/o
sugar
glycemia
sugar in the blood
-ia
state of; condition
pneum/o
lung
pneumonia
condition of the lung (most commonly known as an inflammation of the lung)
-itis
inflammation (the redness, swelling, heat, and pain that occur when the body protects itself...
enter/o
small intestine
enteritis
inflamed small intestine
stomat/o
mouth
stomatitis
inflamed mouth
spondyl/o
vertebra
spondylitis
inflamed vertebra
-lysis
destruction; separation; breakdown
hem/o
blood
hemolysis
breakdown of blood
-malacia
softening
cerebr/o
brain
cerebromalacia
softening of the brain
chondr/o
cartilage
chondromalacia
softening of cartilage
-megaly
enlargement
viscer/o
internal organs
visceromegaly
enlargement of the internal organs
-oma
tumor/ mass
lip/o
fat
lipoma
tumor containing fat
my/o
muscle
myoma
tumor of muscle
-osis
abnormal condition
nephr/o
kidney
nephrosis
abnormal condition of the kidney
-pathy
disease process
ureter/o
ureter (a tube leading from each kidney)
ureteropathy
disease process of the ureter to the bladder for the passage of urine 
-penia
decrease, deficiency
cyt/o
cell
cytopenia
deficiency of cells
-phobia
irrational fear
acr/o
top, extemeties
acrophobia
fear of heights
-ptosis
downward displacement; drooping; prolapse; sagging
blephar/o
eyelid
blepharoptosis
drooping eyelid
nephr/o
kidney
nephroptosis
drooping kidney
-ptysis
spitting
hemoptysis
spitting up blood
-rrhage; rrhagia
bursting forth
hem/o
blood
hemorrhage
bursting forth of blood/ bleeding 
gastr/o
stomach
gastrorrhagia
bleeding from the stomach
-rrhea
flow; discharge
ot/o
ear
otorrhea
discharge from the ear
-rrhexis
rupture
splen/o
spleen
splenorrhexis
ruptured spleen
-sclerosis
hardening
arteri/o
artery
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
-spasm
sudden, involuntary contraction
blephar/o
eyelid
blepharospasm
sudden, involuntary contraction of the eyelid 
-stenosis
narrowing; stricture
phleb/o
vein
phlebostenosis
narrowing of a vein
-y
process
neur/o
nerve
path/o
disease
neuropathy
disease process of the nerve
micro/
small
microencephaly
small brain
suffixes used to indicate diagnostic procedures
common suffixes associated with diagnostic procedures
-gram
record; writing
lymphangi/o
lymph
lymphangiogram
record of lymph vessel (by the use of x-rays)
-graph
instrument used to record
cardi/o
heart
cardiograph
instrument used to record heart activity
-graphy
process of recording; producing images
tom/o
to cut
computed tomography (CT scan)
x-ray beam rotates around the patient detailing the structure at various depths.  The...
mamm/o
breast
mammography
producing images of the breast (by the use of x-rays)
myel/o
spinal cord
myelography
producing images of the spinal cord (by the use of x-rays)
-meter
instrument used to measure; process of measuring
crani/o
skull
craniometer
instrument used to measure the skull
-metry
to measure; measurement
pelv/i
pelvis
pelvimetry
measurement of the pelvis.NOTE: A pelvimetry is performed to confirm the size of the maternal...
-opsy
to view
bi/o
life
biopsy
a procedure involving the removal of a piece of living tissue, which is then microscopically...
-scope
instrument used to visually examine (a body cavity or organ)
bronch/o
bronchus
bronchoscope
instrument used to visually examine the interior of the bronchus 
-scopy
process of visually examining (a body cavity or organ)
bronch/o
bronchus
bronchoscopy
process of visually examining the bronchus
fluor/o
luminous
fluoroscopy
x-ray of moving structures, such as the movement of substances through the digestive tractNOTE:...
suffixes used to indicate surgical procedures
common suffixes associated with surgical procedures 
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
abdomin/o
abdomen
abdominocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
thorac/o
chest
thracocentesis
surgical puncture of the chest wall to remove excess fluid from around the lungs
-desis
surgical binding; surgical fusion
arthr/o
joint
arthrodesis
surgical fusion of joint 
-ectomy
excision; surgical removal
oophor/o
ovary
oophorectomy
excision of the ovary
tonsill/o
tonsils
tonsillectomy
excision of the tonsils
-pexy
surgical fixation
nephr/o
kidney
nephropexy
surgical fixation of a kidney
-plasty
surgical reconstruction; surgical repair
orchid/o
testicle
orchidoplasty
surgical reconstruction of the testicle
-rrhaphy
suture; sew
colp/o
vagina
colporrhaphy
suturing of the vagina
-stasis
stoppage; stopping; controlling
hem/o
blood
hemostasis
stoppage of blood
-stomy
new opening; artificial opening
trache/o
trachea; windpipe
tracheostomy
new opening into the trachea
-tome
instrument used to cut 
my/o
muscle
myotome
instrument used to cut muscle
-tomy
process of cutting; incision
ten/o
tendon
tenotomy
process of cutting a tendon
general suffixes
general suffixes needed to know to understand a great number of medical terms
-cyte
cell
adip/o
fat
adipocyte
fat cell
histi/o; hist/o
tissue
histiocyte; histocyte
tissue cell
-er; -ician; -logist; -ist
specialist; one who specializes; specialist in the study of 
practition/o
practice
practitioner
one who has obtained the proper requirements to work in a specific field of study
physi/o
nature
physician
specialist in the study of medicine who has graduated from a recognized school of medicine...
neur/o
nerve
neurologist
specialist in the study of the nervous system and its disorders
pharmac/o
drug
pharmacist
specialist licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
-ion
process
sect/o
to cut
section
process of cutting
-logy
study of; process of study
hepat/o
liver
hepatology
study of the liver
physi/o
nature
physiology
study of function (the study of how a structure functions)
-or
one who; person or thing that does something
don/o
donate
organ donor
one who donates organ tissue to be used in another body
-plasia
formation; developement
chondr/o
cartilage
chondroplasia
formation of cartilage
-poiesis
production; manufacture; formation
hemat/o
blood
hematopoiesis
production of blood
adjectival suffixes
adjectival suffixes describe special qualities or relationships
-genic
produced by; producing
carcin/o
cancer
carcinogenic
producing cancer (agent that produces cancer)
-oid
resembling
oste/o
bone
osteoid
resembling bone
-ole; -ule
small
bronchi/o
bronchus
bronchiole
small bronchus
ven/o
vein
venule
small vein
-ac; -al; -ary; -eal; -ic; -ous
pertaining to
cardi/o
heart
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
ren/o
kidney
renal
pertaining to the kidney
mamm/o
breast
mammary
pertaining to the breast
pharyng/o
throat; pharynx
pharyngeal
pertaining to the throat
gastr/o
stomach
gastric
pertaining to the stomach
ven/o
vein
venous
pertaining to a vien


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