chapter interpersonal attraction from first impressions to close relatonships

46 cards

exam 2


 
  
Created Nov 12, 2011
by
gialam92

 

 
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1
One of the simplest determinants of interpersonal attraction is proximity
 
propinquity
2
 the finding that the more we see and interact with people, the more likely they are to...
 
 propinquity effect
3
Attraction and propinquity rely on
 
- Actual physical distance
- Functional distance

4
certain aspects of architectural design that make it likely some people will come into contact...
 
Functional distance
5
The propinquity effect works because of familiarity-the finding that the more exposure we have...
 
mere exposure effect
6
We can be attracted to people who are:
 
- like us or opposite to us
7
like us
 
(similarity)
8
Opposite to us
 
(complementarity)
9
what is a stronger predictor of attraction?
 
Similarity
10
Liking someone who likes us in return.
One of the prime determinants of interpersonal attraction.
Reciprocal...
 
Reciprocal liking
11
Another major determinant of liking.
More emphasized by men than by women, especially when...
 
Physical attractiveness
12
Both sexes prefer...
 
 larger eyes (baby face feature), prominent cheekbones, and a big smile.
13
what do males prefer?
 
a female face with a small nose, small chin, and high eyebrows.
14
what do females prefer?
 
large chin
15
 the process whereby people make mistaken inferences about what is causing them to feel...
 
Misattribution of Arousal
16
he feelings of intimacy and affection we feel for another person when we care deeply.
 
Companionate love:
17
the feeling of intense longing, accompanied by physiological arousal, we feel for another person;...
 
Passionate love
18
is derived from evolutionary biology.
states that men and women are attracted to each other’s...
 
Evolutionary approach
19
men are attracted to a woman’s _____ 
women are attracted by men’s _____
 
appearance
resources
20
Attachment theory
 
suggests that our behaviour in adult relationships is based on our experiences as infants with...
21
the expectations people develop about relationships with others, based on the relationship...
 
Attachment styles
22
characterized by:
Trust.
A lack of concern with being abandoned.
The view that one...
 
Secure attachment style
23
Is characterized by a concern that others will not reciprocate one’s desire for intimacy.
 
Anxious/ambivalent attachment style
Resulting in higher-than-average levels of anxiety.
24
Is characterized by a suppression of attachment needs because attempts to be intimate have...
 
avoidant attachment styles
25
Two types of avoidant attachment are:
 
- Fearful avoidant attachment style
- Dismissive avoidant style
26
avoids close relationships because of mistrust and fears of being hurt.
 
Fearful avoidant attachment style
27
in which the person:
claims to be self-sufficient.
claims not to need close relationships.
 
Dismissive avoidant style
28
suggests that how people feel about their relationships depends on: Their perception of the...
 
social exchange theory
29
in social exchange theory is the notion that there is a balance between:
The rewards that...
 
Reward/cost ratio
30
people’s expectations about the level of rewards and punishments they deserve in a relationship.
 
Comparison levels
31
people’s expectations about the level of rewards and punishments they would receive in an...
 
Comparison level for alternatives
32
people’s commitment to a relationship depends on:
Their satisfaction with the relationship...
 
 investment model
33
 suggests that people are  happiest with relationships in which the rewards and costs...
 
 equity theory
34
 in which people are concerned about a fair distribution of rewards and costs.
 
Exchange relationships
35
Short term relationships are usually:
 
Exchange relationships
36
Long term, intimate relationships are usually:
 
Communal relationships
37
people are less concerned with an immediate accounting of who is contributing what and are...
 
Communal relationships
38
that the outcome of adversity on a relationship depends on the level of commitment.
 
commitment calibration hypothesis
39
If the level of adversity is:
Lower than the level of commitment
 
the relationship is not challenged.
40
If the level of adversity is:Higher than the level of commitment
 
 the relationship ends.
41
If the level of adversity is: Equal to the level of commitment, the relationship is strengthened.
 
the relationship is strengthened.
42
idealizations of our romantic relationships and partners in order to maintain the relationship.
 
Positive illusions
43
The more we idealize our partner
 
- The greater our satisfaction with a relationship.  
- The more likely our relationship...
44
Relationships can break up due to:
 
Becoming dissimilar.
Existence of low rewards and high costs.
Inequity in relationship.
Boredom.
45
Baxter (1982) identified four strategies for dissolution of a relationship:
 
Withdrawal/avoidance.
Positive tone (e.g. trying to prevent hard feelings).
Manipulative...
46
Those who play an active role suffer ____
 
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