Chapter 8-Cardiovascular System

Created Feb 23, 2012
by edwards45
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Side ASide B
leaflet
thin, flattened structures that compose a heart valve
lumen
the channel within a tubular space within an organ or structure
aneurysm/o
widened blood vessel (weak)localized abnormal dialation of a vessel, usually an artery
angi/ovascul/o
vessel, usually blood or lymph
ather/o
fatty plaque
embol/othromb/o
circulating blood clotstatic blood clot
ven/ophleb/o
vein
scler/o
hardening
sept/o
septum
sphygm/o--sphyxia
pulse
sten/o--stenosis
narrowing, stricture
fibrillation
quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual...
endo--
in, within
extra--
outside
arrest
condition of being stopped, or bringing to a stop
bruit
soft blowing sound heard on auscultationalso called a murmur
cardiomyopathy
any disease or weakening of heart muscle that dimishes cardiac function
catheter
plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubular structure(thin,...
coarctation
narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
DVT-deep vein thrombosis
blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body, especially those in the legs or thighs
vegetations
small inflammatory mass on leaflets
HTN-hypertensionprimarysecondary
BP persistently exceeding 140/90no identifiable causeidentifiable, underlying cause commonly...
manometer
device used to measure pulse
hemostasis
arrest of bleeding or circulation
hyperlipidemia
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides)
infarct
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following seccation of blood supply
ischemia
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
MVP-mitral valve prolapse
condition in which the the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atruim during...
ICUCCU
intensive care unitcoronary care unit
systole/diastole
top/bottom BP
perfusion
circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ
paroxysm
spasm pertaining to the heart 
sclerosis
hardening
diaphoresis
excessive sweating
--rrhexis
rupture
angioplasty
replacement of artery
antihypertensive medications
lower blood pressure-such as beta blockers and calcium channel blockers
diuretics
lower fluid within the body
antianginal medications
dialate blood vessels-nitrates (nitroglycerin)
cardiotonic medications
raise the force of contractions to maintain slow and steady heart rate
asystole
flat line, no pulse or beat
CVA
cerebrovascular accident-stroke
incompetent
inability of a valve to close completely
varices
varicose veins of the esophogus
infarct
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis
CAD
coronary artery disease
CHF
congestive heart failure
ASHD
arterial sclerotic heart disease
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
MI
myocardial infarction
CV
cardiovascular
PE
pulmonary embolus
VT
ventricular tachycardia


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