Chapter 8-Cardiovascular System

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Created Feb 23, 2012
by
edwards45

 

 
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1
leaflet
 
thin, flattened structures that compose a heart valve
2
lumen
 
the channel within a tubular space within an organ or structure
3
aneurysm/o
 

widened blood vessel (weak)

localized abnormal dialation of a vessel, usually an artery

4

angi/o

vascul/o

 
vessel, usually blood or lymph
5
ather/o
 
fatty plaque
6

embol/o

thromb/o

 

circulating blood clot

static blood clot

7

ven/o

phleb/o

 
vein
8
scler/o
 
hardening
9
sept/o
 
septum
10

sphygm/o

--sphyxia

 
pulse
11

sten/o

--stenosis

 
narrowing, stricture
12

fibrillation

 
quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual...
13
endo--
 
in, within
14
extra--
 
outside
15
arrest
 
condition of being stopped, or bringing to a stop
16
bruit
 

soft blowing sound heard on auscultation

also called a murmur

17
cardiomyopathy
 
any disease or weakening of heart muscle that dimishes cardiac function
18
catheter
 

plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubular structure

(thin,...

19
coarctation
 
narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
20
DVT-deep vein thrombosis
 
blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body, especially those in the legs or thighs
21
vegetations
 
small inflammatory mass on leaflets
22

HTN-hypertension

primary

secondary

 

BP persistently exceeding 140/90

no identifiable cause

identifiable, underlying...

23
manometer
 
device used to measure pulse
24
hemostasis
 
arrest of bleeding or circulation
25
hyperlipidemia
 
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides)
26
infarct
 
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following seccation of blood supply
27
ischemia
 
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
28
MVP-mitral valve prolapse
 
condition in which the the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atruim during...
29

ICU

CCU

 

intensive care unit

coronary care unit

30
systole/diastole
 
top/bottom BP
31
perfusion
 
circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ
32
paroxysm
 

spasm pertaining to the heart 

33
sclerosis
 
hardening
34
diaphoresis
 
excessive sweating
35
--rrhexis
 
rupture
36
angioplasty
 
replacement of artery
37
antihypertensive medications
 
lower blood pressure-such as beta blockers and calcium channel blockers
38

diuretics

 

lower fluid within the body

39
antianginal medications
 
dialate blood vessels-nitrates (nitroglycerin)
40

cardiotonic medications

 

raise the force of contractions to maintain slow and steady heart rate

41
asystole
 
flat line, no pulse or beat
42
CVA
 
cerebrovascular accident-stroke
43
incompetent
 
inability of a valve to close completely
44
varices
 
varicose veins of the esophogus
45
infarct
 
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis
46
CAD
 
coronary artery disease
47
CHF
 
congestive heart failure
48
ASHD
 
arterial sclerotic heart disease
49
CPR
 
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
50
MI
 
myocardial infarction
51
CV
 
cardiovascular
52
PE
 
pulmonary embolus
53
VT
 
ventricular tachycardia

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